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Salari, Raziye
Publications (10 of 24) Show all publications
Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Fabian, H., Hjern, A., Sarkadi, A. & Salari, R. (2018). Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent. Acta Paediatrica, 107(2), 294-300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent
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2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 2, p. 294-300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Joint physical custody (JPC), where children spend about equal time in both parent's homes after parental separation, is increasing. The suitability of this practice for preschool children, with a need for predictability and continuity, has been questioned.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used data on 3656 Swedish children aged three to five years living in intact families, JPC, mostly with one parent or single care. Linear regression analyses were conducted with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, completed by parents and preschool teachers, as the outcome measure.

RESULTS: Children in JPC showed less psychological problems than those living mostly (adjusted B 1.81; 95% CI [0.66 to 2.95]) or only with one parent (adjusted B 1.94; 95% CI [0.75 to 3.13]), in parental reports. In preschool teacher reports, the adjusted Betas were 1.27, 95% CI [0.14 to 2.40] and 1.41, 95% CI [0.24 to 2.58], respectively. In parental reports, children in JPC and those in intact families had similar outcomes, while teachers reported lower unadjusted symptom scores for children in intact families.

CONCLUSION: Joint physical custody arrangements were not associated with more psychological symptoms in children aged 3-5, but longitudinal studies are needed to account for potential preseparation differences.

Keyword
Children, Divorce, Joint physical custody, Parental separation, Psychological problems
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332706 (URN)10.1111/apa.14004 (DOI)000419768200023 ()28880411 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareVINNOVA, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-10-31 Created: 2017-10-31 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved
Salari, R. & Backman, A. (2017). Direct marketing of parenting programs: comparing a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy. European Journal of Public Health, 27(3), 489-494
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Direct marketing of parenting programs: comparing a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 489-494Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: For parenting programs to achieve a public health impact, it is necessary to develop more effective marketing strategies to increase public awareness of these programs and promote parental participation. In this article, we compared a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy via two studies. Method: We designed two ads inviting parents to participate in a universal parenting program; one ad focused on the program increasing the likelihood of positive outcomes for children (promotion-focused) and the other on the program reducing the likelihood of negative outcomes (prevention-focused). In study I, the two ads were run online simultaneously. Those who clicked on an ad were directed to a website where they could read about and sign up for the program. In study II, a community sample of 706 parents answered a questionnaire about the ads. Results: In study I, over 85 days, the prevention ad generated more clicks. There was no difference in the number of pages visited on the website nor in the number of parents who signed up for the program. In study II, parents showed a preference for the promotion ad, perceiving it as more relevant and rating it as more effective in getting them interested in the program. Conclusion: A prevention strategy may be more effective in drawing public attention, in general. However, a promotion strategy is more likely to reach parents, in particular, and inspire them to consider participating in parenting programs. These strategies should be developed further and tested in both general and clinical populations.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303712 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckw149 (DOI)000404018800023 ()27645211 (PubMedID)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden , HFÅ 2010/103
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-10-26Bibliographically approved
Osman, F., Salari, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U.-K. & Flacking, R. (2017). Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7(12), Article ID e017600.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting: a randomised controlled trial
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2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 12, article id e017600Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored parenting support programme on Somali-born parents’ mental health and sense of competence in parenting.

Design: Randomised controlled trial.

Setting: A city in the middle of Sweden.

Participants: Somali-born parents (n=120) with children aged 11–16 years and self-perceived stress in their parenting were randomised to an intervention group (n=60) or a waiting-list control group (n=60).

Intervention: Parents in the intervention group received culturally tailored societal information combined with the Connect parenting programme during 12 weeks for 1–2 hours per week. The intervention consisted of a standardised training programme delivered by nine group leaders of Somali background.

Outcome: The General Health Questionnaire 12 was used to measure parents’ mental health and the Parenting Sense of Competence scale to measure parent satisfaction and efficacy in the parent role. Analysis was conducted using intention-to-treat principles.

Results: The results indicated that parents in the intervention group showed significant improvement in mental health compared with the parents in the control group at a 2-month follow-up: B=3.62, 95% CI 2.01 to 5.18, p<0.001. Further, significant improvement was found for efficacy (B=−6.72, 95% CI −8.15 to −5.28, p<0.001) and satisfaction (B=−4.48, 95% CI −6.27 to −2.69, p<0.001) for parents in the intervention group. Parents’ satisfaction mediated the intervention effect on parental mental health (β=−0.88, 95% CI −1.84 to −0.16, p=0.047).

Conclusion: The culturally tailored parenting support programme led to improved mental health of Somali-born parents and their sense of competence in parenting 2 months after the intervention. The study underlines the importance of acknowledging immigrant parents’ need for societal information in parent support programmes and the importance of delivering these programmes in a culturally sensitive manner.

Clinical trial registration: NCT02114593.

Keyword
child protection, community child health, mental health, public health
National Category
Applied Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336729 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017600 (DOI)000423826700065 ()29222136 (PubMedID)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden , 802/2014-6.2
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Fält, E., Wallby, T., Sarkadi, A., Salari, R. & Fabian, H. (2017). Inter-rater agreement between parent and teacher SDQ ratings in Swedish 3-5-year-olds. European Journal of Public Health, 27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter-rater agreement between parent and teacher SDQ ratings in Swedish 3-5-year-olds
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345679 (URN)000414389800117 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Fabian, H., Ssegonja, R., Salari, R., Sarkadi, A. & Feldman, I. (2017). Mental health and academic failure in Swedish adolescents. European Journal of Public Health, 27, 388-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental health and academic failure in Swedish adolescents
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, p. 388-388Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345671 (URN)000414389804115 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Salari, R., Bohlin, G., Rydell, A.-M. & Thorell, L. (2017). Neuropsychological functioning and attachment representations in early school age as predictors of ADHD symptoms in late adolescence. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 48(3), 370-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuropsychological functioning and attachment representations in early school age as predictors of ADHD symptoms in late adolescence
2017 (English)In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 370-384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to examine relations between parent and child attachment representations and neuropsychological functions at age 8, as well as relations between these constructs and ADHD symptoms over a 10-year period. A community-based sample of 105 children (52 boys) participated. Measures of attachment representations and a range of neuropsychological functions were collected at age 8. Parents rated emotion dysregulation and ADHD symptoms at age 8 and ADHD symptoms again at age 18. Significant, although modest, relations were found between disorganized attachment and some aspects of neuropsychological functioning in childhood. When studying outcomes in late adolescence and controlling for early ADHD symptom levels, spatial working memory and disorganized attachment remained significant in relation to both ADHD symptom domains, and one measure of inhibition remained significant for hyperactivity/impulsivity. When examining independent effects, spatial working memory and disorganized attachment were related to inattention, whereas spatial working memory and dysregulation of happiness/exuberance were related to hyperactivity/impulsivity. Our findings showing that disorganized attachment is longitudinally related to ADHD symptoms over and above the influence of both neuropsychological functioning and early ADHD symptom levels highlights the importance of including measures of attachment representations when trying to understand the development of ADHD symptoms. If replicated in more “at-risk” samples, these findings could also suggest that parent–child attachment should be taken into consideration when children are referred for assessment and treatment of ADHD.

National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303710 (URN)10.1007/s10578-016-0664-1 (DOI)000400070900002 ()27349655 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-06-09Bibliographically approved
Salari, R., Ssegonja, R. & Sarkadi, A. (2017). Pilot study of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with symptoms of PTSD in Sweden. European Journal of Public Health, 27, 120-120
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pilot study of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with symptoms of PTSD in Sweden
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, p. 120-120Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345664 (URN)000414389801077 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Fabian, H., Hjern, A., Sarkadi, A. & Salari, R. (2017). Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent. Acta Paediatrica, 107, 294-300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 107, p. 294-300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343510 (URN)10.1111/apa.14004 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved
Gavra, P., Salari, R. & Sarkadi, A. (2017). Qualitative evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with PTSD symptoms. European Journal of Public Health, 27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Qualitative evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with PTSD symptoms
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345680 (URN)000414389804001 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Salari, R., Malekian, C., Linck, L., Kristiansson, R. & Sarkadi, A. (2017). Screening for PTSD symptoms in unaccompanied refugee minors: a test of the CRIES-8 questionnaire in routine care. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 45(6), 605-611
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Screening for PTSD symptoms in unaccompanied refugee minors: a test of the CRIES-8 questionnaire in routine care
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2017 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 6, p. 605-611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The dramatic increase in the number of refugees in Europe presents a major public health challenge. The limited existing evidence indicates that the mental health needs of refugees are significant; unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) constitute a particularly vulnerable group. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether a short questionnaire (Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale; CRIES-8) could be used as a screening tool for PTSD symptoms in URMs, 8-18 years old, during their routine health check-up.

Methods: Data were collected at the healthcare centre for asylum-seekers in Uppsala, Sweden. In total, 208 URMs completed the CRIES-8 during their health assessment.

Results: The CRIES-8 was feasible to use, showed good internal consistency and its factor structure was confirmed. Children with less than four years of education often had difficulties completing the questionnaire by themselves and needed help reading the questions. Almost all the respondents were male (98%), aged 9-18 years. The majority (81%) came from Afghanistan. About 76% scored above the cut-off and therefore were considered to be at risk of PTSD. The proportion of children who screened positive did not differ based on age, country of origin or current living arrangements.

Conclusions: The CRIES-8 is a useful tool in clinical settings, however, children should be provided with reading support and instructions about how to complete the questionnaire. The high number of children who screened positive for PTSD symptoms indicates the need for a more thorough mental health assessment, and early prevention/intervention programmes to address URMs' mental health issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD, 2017
Keyword
Unaccompanied refugee minors, PTSD symptoms, screening, CRIES-8
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333721 (URN)10.1177/1403494817715516 (DOI)000407103400004 ()28669316 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2017-11-16Bibliographically approved
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