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Salari, Raziye
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Publications (10 of 27) Show all publications
Dahlberg, A., Ghaderi, A., Sarkadi, A. & Salari, R. (2019). SDQ in the Hands of Fathers and Preschool Teachers: Psychometric Properties in a Non-clinical Sample of 3-5-Year-Olds. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 50(1), 132-141
Open this publication in new window or tab >>SDQ in the Hands of Fathers and Preschool Teachers: Psychometric Properties in a Non-clinical Sample of 3-5-Year-Olds
2019 (English)In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 50, no 1, p. 132-141Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a well-established instrument for measuring social and behavioural problems among children, with good psychometric properties for older children, but less validity reports on pre-schoolers. In addition, there is a knowledge gap concerning fathers as informants. The present work is one of the few validity studies to include preschool teachers and the first on preschool children where fathers are included as separate informants. In this study, SDQs were collected from a large community sample (n = 17,752) of children aged 3-5, rated by mothers, fathers, and preschool teachers and analysed using confirmatory factor analysis. Our results revealed acceptable fit for all informant groups and measurement invariance across child gender, child age, and parental education level. Our findings suggest good construct validity of the SDQ for a non-clinical preschool population and imply that it may be used for assessing child behaviour problems from different informant perspectives.

Keywords
Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Construct validity, Fathers, Preschool children, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355978 (URN)10.1007/s10578-018-0826-4 (DOI)000458372000012 ()29959588 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasVINNOVA, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-07-10 Created: 2018-07-10 Last updated: 2019-03-12Bibliographically approved
Fält, E., Wallby, T., Sarkadi, A., Salari, R. & Fabian, H. (2018). Agreement between mothers', fathers', and teachers' ratings of behavioural and emotional problems in 3-5-year-old children. PLoS ONE, 13(11), Article ID e0206752.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agreement between mothers', fathers', and teachers' ratings of behavioural and emotional problems in 3-5-year-old children
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2018 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 11, article id e0206752Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a valid and reliable instrument for measuring children's mental health, is available in parent- and teacher versions, making it an ideal tool for assessing behavioural and emotional problems in young children. However, few studies have evaluated inter-parent agreement on the SDQ, and in most studies on SDQ agreement, parent scores are either provided by only one parent or have been combined into one parent score. Furthermore, studies on SDQ inter-rater agreement usually only reflect degree of correlation, leaving the agreement between measurements unknown. The aim of the present study was therefore to examine both degree of correlation and agreement between parent and teacher SDQ reports, in a community sample of preschool-aged children in Sweden.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Children and Parents in Focus trial. The sample comprised 4,46 children 3-5-years-old. Mothers, fathers and preschool teachers completed the SDQ as part of the routine health check-ups at Child Health Centres. Inter-rater agreement was measured using Pearson correlation coefficient and intraclass correlation (ICC).

Results: Results revealed poor/fair agreement between parent and teacher ratings (ICC 0.25-0.54) and good/excellent agreement between mother and father ratings (ICC 0.66-0.76). The highest level of agreement between parents and teachers was found for the hyperactivity and peer problem subscales, whereas the strongest agreement between parents was found for the hyperactivity and conduct subscales.

Conclusions: Low inter-rater agreement between parent and teacher ratings suggests that information from both teachers and parents is important when using the SDQ as a method to identify mental health problems in preschool children. Although mothers and fathers each provide unique information about their child's behaviour, good inter-parent agreement indicates that a single parent informant may be sufficient and simplify data collection.

National Category
Psychiatry Pediatrics Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369597 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0206752 (DOI)000449027600094 ()30383861 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council, 259-2012-68Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 259-2012-68VINNOVA, 259-2012-68
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-06-04Bibliographically approved
Sarkadi, A., Ådahl, K., Ssegonja, R., Fängström, K. & Salari, R. (2018). Evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with PTSD symptoms in Sweden. Paper presented at 1st World Congress on Migration, Ethnicity, Race and Health, 17-19 May 2018, Edinburgh, UK.. European Journal of Public Health, 28(Supplement: 1), 105-105
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with PTSD symptoms in Sweden
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2018 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 28, no Supplement: 1, p. 105-105Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-359391 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/cky047.255a (DOI)000432430700300 ()
Conference
1st World Congress on Migration, Ethnicity, Race and Health, 17-19 May 2018, Edinburgh, UK.
Note

Oral Presentations

Meeting Abstract: 7.4-O1

Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2018-09-25Bibliographically approved
Bergström, M., Fransson, E., Fabian, H., Hjern, A., Sarkadi, A. & Salari, R. (2018). Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent. Acta Paediatrica, 107(2), 294-300
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preschool children living in joint physical custody arrangements show less psychological symptoms than those living mostly or only with one parent
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2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 107, no 2, p. 294-300Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: Joint physical custody (JPC), where children spend about equal time in both parent's homes after parental separation, is increasing. The suitability of this practice for preschool children, with a need for predictability and continuity, has been questioned.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we used data on 3656 Swedish children aged three to five years living in intact families, JPC, mostly with one parent or single care. Linear regression analyses were conducted with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, completed by parents and preschool teachers, as the outcome measure.

RESULTS: Children in JPC showed less psychological problems than those living mostly (adjusted B 1.81; 95% CI [0.66 to 2.95]) or only with one parent (adjusted B 1.94; 95% CI [0.75 to 3.13]), in parental reports. In preschool teacher reports, the adjusted Betas were 1.27, 95% CI [0.14 to 2.40] and 1.41, 95% CI [0.24 to 2.58], respectively. In parental reports, children in JPC and those in intact families had similar outcomes, while teachers reported lower unadjusted symptom scores for children in intact families.

CONCLUSION: Joint physical custody arrangements were not associated with more psychological symptoms in children aged 3-5, but longitudinal studies are needed to account for potential preseparation differences.

Keywords
Children, Divorce, Joint physical custody, Parental separation, Psychological problems
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332706 (URN)10.1111/apa.14004 (DOI)000419768200023 ()28880411 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and WelfareVINNOVA, 259-2012-68Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2017-10-31 Created: 2017-10-31 Last updated: 2018-08-21Bibliographically approved
Salari, R. & Enebrink, P. (2018). Role of universal parenting programs in prevention. In: Handbook of parenting and child development across the lifespan: (pp. 713-743). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Role of universal parenting programs in prevention
2018 (English)In: Handbook of parenting and child development across the lifespan, Springer, 2018, p. 713-743Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Applied Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377224 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-94598-9_32 (DOI)978-3-319-94598-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-15 Created: 2019-02-15 Last updated: 2019-09-11Bibliographically approved
Sarkadi, A., Ådahl, K., Stenvall, E., Ssegonja, R., Batti, H., Gavra, P., . . . Salari, R. (2018). Teaching Recovery Techniques: evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with symptoms of PTSD in Sweden. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27(4), 467-479
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Teaching Recovery Techniques: evaluation of a group intervention for unaccompanied refugee minors with symptoms of PTSD in Sweden
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2018 (English)In: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 467-479Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 2015, a total of 35,369 unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) sought asylum in Sweden. In a previous study of 208 URMs, we found that 76% screened positive for PTSD. This study aimed to (1) evaluate the indicated prevention program Teaching Recovery Techniques (TRT) in a community setting and describe the program's effects on symptoms of PTSD and depression in URMs; and (2) examine participants' experiences of the program. The study included 10 groups. Methods for evaluation included the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-8) and the Montgomery–Åsberg Depression Rating Scale Self-report (MADRS-S) at baseline and at post-intervention. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 22 participating URMs to elicit their experiences. Pre- and post-measures were available for 46 participants. At baseline, 83% of the participants reported moderate or severe depression and 48% suicidal ideation or plans. Although more than half (62%) of the participants reported negative life events during the study period, both PTSD (CRIES-8) and depression (MADRS-S) symptoms decreased significantly after the intervention (p = 0.017, 95% CI − 5.55; − 0.58; and p < 0.001, 95% CI − 8.94; − 2.88, respectively). The qualitative content analysis resulted in six overall categories: social support, normalisation, valuable tools, comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness when the youth described their experiences of the program, well reflecting TRT's program theory. Overall, results indicate that TRT, delivered in a community setting, is a promising indicated preventive intervention for URMs with PTSD symptoms. This successful evaluation should be followed up with a controlled study.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343702 (URN)10.1007/s00787-017-1093-9 (DOI)000429661700008 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasSwedish Research CouncilVINNOVA, 259-2012-68
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-09-19Bibliographically approved
Salari, R. & Backman, A. (2017). Direct marketing of parenting programs: comparing a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy. European Journal of Public Health, 27(3), 489-494
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Direct marketing of parenting programs: comparing a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy
2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 489-494Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: For parenting programs to achieve a public health impact, it is necessary to develop more effective marketing strategies to increase public awareness of these programs and promote parental participation. In this article, we compared a promotion-focused and a prevention-focused strategy via two studies. Method: We designed two ads inviting parents to participate in a universal parenting program; one ad focused on the program increasing the likelihood of positive outcomes for children (promotion-focused) and the other on the program reducing the likelihood of negative outcomes (prevention-focused). In study I, the two ads were run online simultaneously. Those who clicked on an ad were directed to a website where they could read about and sign up for the program. In study II, a community sample of 706 parents answered a questionnaire about the ads. Results: In study I, over 85 days, the prevention ad generated more clicks. There was no difference in the number of pages visited on the website nor in the number of parents who signed up for the program. In study II, parents showed a preference for the promotion ad, perceiving it as more relevant and rating it as more effective in getting them interested in the program. Conclusion: A prevention strategy may be more effective in drawing public attention, in general. However, a promotion strategy is more likely to reach parents, in particular, and inspire them to consider participating in parenting programs. These strategies should be developed further and tested in both general and clinical populations.

National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303712 (URN)10.1093/eurpub/ckw149 (DOI)000404018800023 ()27645211 (PubMedID)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden , HFÅ 2010/103
Available from: 2016-09-22 Created: 2016-09-22 Last updated: 2017-10-26Bibliographically approved
Osman, F., Salari, R., Klingberg-Allvin, M., Schön, U.-K. & Flacking, R. (2017). Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 7(12), Article ID e017600.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of a culturally tailored parenting support programme in Somali-born parents' mental health and sense of competence in parenting: a randomised controlled trial
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2017 (English)In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 12, article id e017600Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally tailored parenting support programme on Somali-born parents’ mental health and sense of competence in parenting.

Design: Randomised controlled trial.

Setting: A city in the middle of Sweden.

Participants: Somali-born parents (n=120) with children aged 11–16 years and self-perceived stress in their parenting were randomised to an intervention group (n=60) or a waiting-list control group (n=60).

Intervention: Parents in the intervention group received culturally tailored societal information combined with the Connect parenting programme during 12 weeks for 1–2 hours per week. The intervention consisted of a standardised training programme delivered by nine group leaders of Somali background.

Outcome: The General Health Questionnaire 12 was used to measure parents’ mental health and the Parenting Sense of Competence scale to measure parent satisfaction and efficacy in the parent role. Analysis was conducted using intention-to-treat principles.

Results: The results indicated that parents in the intervention group showed significant improvement in mental health compared with the parents in the control group at a 2-month follow-up: B=3.62, 95% CI 2.01 to 5.18, p<0.001. Further, significant improvement was found for efficacy (B=−6.72, 95% CI −8.15 to −5.28, p<0.001) and satisfaction (B=−4.48, 95% CI −6.27 to −2.69, p<0.001) for parents in the intervention group. Parents’ satisfaction mediated the intervention effect on parental mental health (β=−0.88, 95% CI −1.84 to −0.16, p=0.047).

Conclusion: The culturally tailored parenting support programme led to improved mental health of Somali-born parents and their sense of competence in parenting 2 months after the intervention. The study underlines the importance of acknowledging immigrant parents’ need for societal information in parent support programmes and the importance of delivering these programmes in a culturally sensitive manner.

Clinical trial registration: NCT02114593.

Keywords
child protection, community child health, mental health, public health
National Category
Applied Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336729 (URN)10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017600 (DOI)000423826700065 ()29222136 (PubMedID)
Funder
Public Health Agency of Sweden , 802/2014-6.2
Available from: 2017-12-15 Created: 2017-12-15 Last updated: 2018-03-26Bibliographically approved
Fält, E., Wallby, T., Sarkadi, A., Salari, R. & Fabian, H. (2017). Inter-rater agreement between parent and teacher SDQ ratings in Swedish 3-5-year-olds. European Journal of Public Health, 27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Inter-rater agreement between parent and teacher SDQ ratings in Swedish 3-5-year-olds
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345679 (URN)000414389800117 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
Fabian, H., Ssegonja, R., Salari, R., Sarkadi, A. & Feldman, I. (2017). Mental health and academic failure in Swedish adolescents. European Journal of Public Health, 27, 388-388
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental health and academic failure in Swedish adolescents
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2017 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, p. 388-388Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Other academic) Published
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345671 (URN)000414389804115 ()
Available from: 2018-03-19 Created: 2018-03-19 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved
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