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Ruffa, Chiara
Publications (10 of 14) Show all publications
Ruffa, C. & Sundberg, R. (2018). Breaking the frame? Frame dispute of war and peace. Acta Sociologica, 61(3), 317-332
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the frame? Frame dispute of war and peace
2018 (English)In: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 317-332Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343266 (URN)
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-08-03
Ruffa, C. & Vennesson, P. (2014). Fighting and Helping? The Domestic Politics of NGO-Military Relations in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies. Security Studies, 23(3), 582-621
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fighting and Helping? The Domestic Politics of NGO-Military Relations in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies
2014 (English)In: Security Studies, ISSN 0963-6412, E-ISSN 1556-1852, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 582-621Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In complex humanitarian emergencies, why are NGO-military relations cooperative in some cases, yet deeply conflictual in others? Drawing on historical-institutionalist theoretical insights, we argue that NGOs and military organizations are embedded in, and responding to, domestic institutional configurations that define a set of political incentives and constraints, material and normative, which structures and influences the characteristics and outcomes of their relations. Counterarguments suggest that organizational differences and the nature of their missions affect NGO-military relations. Using fresh empirical evidence we assess these arguments by comparing the Italian and the French experiences of NGO-military relations during the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) mission in Afghanistan and the UN mission in Lebanon (UNIFIL II) between 2007 and 2011.We find that domestic institutional configurations are not left behind when NGOs and military units deploy abroad. Rather, they shape NGOs' and militaries' capacity to work together instead of at cross purposes and ultimately influence the success of international action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Philadelphia: Routledge, 2014
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214500 (URN)10.1080/09636412.2014.935236 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Giacomello, G. & Ruffa, C. (2014). Small navies and border and immigration control: Frontex operations in the Mediterranean. In: Small Navies: Strategy and Policy for Small Navies in War and Peace (pp. 133-150). Ashgate
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Small navies and border and immigration control: Frontex operations in the Mediterranean
2014 (English)In: Small Navies: Strategy and Policy for Small Navies in War and Peace, Ashgate, 2014, p. 133-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ashgate, 2014
Series
Corbett Centre for Maritime Policy Studies Series
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-307108 (URN)2-s2.0-84899617186 (Scopus ID)9781472417596 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-11-21 Created: 2016-11-08 Last updated: 2016-11-21Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2014). What Peacekeepers Think and Do: An Exploratory Study of French, Ghanaian, Italian, and South Korean Armies in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. Armed forces and society, 40(2), 199-225
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What Peacekeepers Think and Do: An Exploratory Study of French, Ghanaian, Italian, and South Korean Armies in the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
2014 (English)In: Armed forces and society, ISSN 0095-327X, E-ISSN 1556-0848, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 199-225Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This exploratory article points out how armies differ in the performance of their daily military activities during a peacekeeping mission and analyses the role of contrasting perceptions of the mission operational environment in explaining this variation. As a first step, this article documents systematic variations in the way French, Ghanaian, Italian, and Korean units implement the mandate of the UN mission in Lebanon in their daily military activity. Second, it shows that the four armies also interpret or “construct” the operational environment differently and in a way that is consistent with their different military behavior. Third, preliminary evidence suggests that previous experiences of each army influence the way in which the operational environment is constructed. Data were collected combining participant observation in Southern Lebanon with questionnaires and interviews. This article thus builds on sociological works on different operational styles but takes a methodological approach closer to that in security studies.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191346 (URN)10.1177/0095327X12468856 (DOI)000336218000001 ()
Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2013-01-10 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (Ed.). (2013). Explaining Coordination and Breakdown in Complex Operations. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Explaining Coordination and Breakdown in Complex Operations
2013 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013
Series
Small Wars and Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318 ; Volume 24, Issue 2, 2013
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214510 (URN)
Note

Small Wars & Insurgencies, Vol 24, issue 2, 2013. Special Issue : Explaining Coordination and Breakdown in Complex Operation.

Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2013). Introduction: Coordinating actors in complex operations. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 24(2), 206-210
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduction: Coordinating actors in complex operations
2013 (English)In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 206-210Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

International responses to conflicts and humanitarian emergencies have become more crowded. Not only do traditional actors intervene on a greater scale, such as non-governmental organizations and the military, but new actors such as Private Military Security Companies also play an increasingly important role. These actors often differ in their precise objective and the constituencies they are accountable to. Yet, the practices of these actors in operations are intertwined and many of their tasks overlap. Improved communication and coordination of these actors in complex operations can thus be expected to lead to strong increases in mission effectiveness. This Special Issue provides a conceptual platform to understand and explain under what conditions coordination among these actors occurs. The articles cluster around three themes. A first set focuses on who the actors involved are along a private vs public and military vs civilian divide; a second group of articles assesses experiences of coordination of different actors in the field; finally, a third looks at a plurality of elements that may trigger or hinder coordination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013
Keywords
complex operations, coordination, comprehensive approach, Private Military Security Companies, NGOs, development contractors, military organizations
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214508 (URN)10.1080/09592318.2013.778031 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C., Dandeker, C. & Vennesson, P. (2013). Soldiers Drawn into Politics?: Civil-Military Relations, Hybrid Military Spaces and the Future of Interventions. In: Gerhard Kümmel, Bastian Giegerich (Ed.), The armed forces: towards a post-interventionist era? (pp. 29-40). Frankfurt: Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soldiers Drawn into Politics?: Civil-Military Relations, Hybrid Military Spaces and the Future of Interventions
2013 (English)In: The armed forces: towards a post-interventionist era? / [ed] Gerhard Kümmel, Bastian Giegerich, Frankfurt: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013, p. 29-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In January 2012, a video depicting U.S. soldiers urinating on Afghan dead bodies was released. Mr George Little, a Pentagon spokesman, declared that the footage was “utterly deplorable”, and this was followed by similar statements by other high-ranking U.S. government officials (Bowley/Rosenberg 2012). The behavior of these soldiers had dramatic political consequences for the reputation of U.S. soldiers abroad and for their credibility and legitimacy in respect to military operations in Afghanistan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frankfurt: Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2013
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191419 (URN)10.1007/978-3-658-01286-1 (DOI)978-3-658-01285-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2013-01-10 Last updated: 2014-12-16Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C., Dandeker, C. & Vennesson, P. (2013). Soldiers drawn into politics? The influence of tactics in civil–military relations. Small Wars & Insurgencies, 24(2), 322-334
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Soldiers drawn into politics? The influence of tactics in civil–military relations
2013 (English)In: Small Wars & Insurgencies, ISSN 0959-2318, E-ISSN 1743-9558, Vol. 24, no 2, p. 322-334Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The tactical level has become increasingly important in the conduct of contemporary complex military operations. Yet, the potential impact that this tactical level may have on domestic civil–military relations has been neglected. In this article, we focus on mechanisms by which low-level soldiers have acquired an increasing importance in tactical operations and we suggest that this may influence civil–military relations in the future. We argue that two phenomena deserve particular attention. These mechanisms are not new but they have had new effects by making it possible for soldiers to influence politics in sometimes unforeseen ways: the first is the strategic corporal and the second is the expansion of ancillary tasks. Our contribution lies at the interface between military sociology and security studies and seeks to show how the tactical level of warfare has become a fundamental context in which civil–military relations are enacted. Exploring these dynamics is fundamental to understanding under what conditions soldiers may interact with other actors in complex operations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013
Keywords
complex operations, strategic corporal, ancillary tasks, civil–military relations
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214506 (URN)10.1080/09592318.2013.778035 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2013). Sweden. In: Heiko Biehl, Bastian Giegerich, Alexandra Jonas (Ed.), Strategic cultures in Europe: Security and defence policies across the continent (pp. 343-358). Wiesbaden: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden
2013 (English)In: Strategic cultures in Europe: Security and defence policies across the continent / [ed] Heiko Biehl, Bastian Giegerich, Alexandra Jonas, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2013, p. 343-358Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden: Springer, 2013
Series
Schriftenreihe des Zentrums für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr ; 13
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-191416 (URN)9783658011673 (ISBN)9783658011680 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2013-01-10 Last updated: 2013-11-21Bibliographically approved
Ruffa, C. (2013). Sweden. In: Heiko Biehl, Bastian Giegerich, Alexandra Jonas (Ed.), Strategic cultures in Europe: security and defence policies across the continent (pp. 343-357). Wiesbaden: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sweden
2013 (English)In: Strategic cultures in Europe: security and defence policies across the continent / [ed] Heiko Biehl, Bastian Giegerich, Alexandra Jonas, Wiesbaden: Springer, 2013, p. 343-357Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiesbaden: Springer, 2013
Series
Schriftenreihe des Zentrums für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr ; 13
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214523 (URN)9783658011673 (ISBN)978-3-658-01168-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2014-01-08 Created: 2014-01-08 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
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