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Eriksson, Owen
Publications (10 of 18) Show all publications
Eriksson, O., Johannesson, P. & Bergholtz, M. (2019). The case for classes and instances - a response to representing instances: the case for reengineering conceptual modelling grammars. European Journal of Information Systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The case for classes and instances - a response to representing instances: the case for reengineering conceptual modelling grammars
2019 (English)In: European Journal of Information Systems, ISSN 0960-085X, E-ISSN 1476-9344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In “Representing instances: The case for reengineering conceptual modelling grammars”, Lukyanenko et al. (2019) argue that conceptual modelling has been biased towards a focus on knowledge about general phenomena (classes) rather than about specific instances. While we agree that more attention needs to be paid to instances, we critically reflect on their underlying assumptions about instances and classes. Lukyanenko et al. (2019) assume that instances are mainly material things, and also assume that class-based modelling typically requires that class definitions include comprehensive attribute structures that are expected to be stable over time. Based on these assumptions, they conclude that classes are not needed for modelling instances. As an alternative to these assumptions, we suggest that instances can be viewed as language constructs, i.e., as objects that may be anything that is uniquely referred to and identified in human communication. Based on this assumption, we introduce an identity-oriented view of classes, implying that classes are required for modelling objects (instances). We agree with Lukyanenko et al. (2019) that a reengineering of conceptual modelling grammars is required. This reengineering would benefit from approaches such as an identity-oriented view of classes and a class-instance modelling grammar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2019
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-395477 (URN)doi/full/10.1080/0960085X.2019.1673672 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-10-18 Created: 2019-10-18 Last updated: 2020-02-20Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, O., Johannesson, P. & Maria, B. (2018). Institutional ontology for conceptual modeling. JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), 33(2), 105-123
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional ontology for conceptual modeling
2018 (English)In: JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), ISSN 0268-3962, E-ISSN 1466-4437, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 105-123Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Conceptual models are intended to capture knowledge about the world. Hence, the design of conceptual models could be informed by theories about what entities exist in the world and how they are constituted. Further, a common assumption within the field of conceptual modeling is that conceptual models and information systems describe entities in the real world, outside the systems. An alternative view is provided by an ontological commitment that recognizes that the institutional world is constructed through language use and the creation of institutional facts. Such an ontological commitment implies that there is an institutional reality, which, to a great extent, is constructed using information infrastructures. Accordingly, conceptual models have not only a descriptive role but also a prescriptive one, meaning that modelers set up a framework of rules that restrict and enable people to construct institutional reality using information infrastructures. Understanding the prescriptive role of conceptual models may revive the area of conceptual modeling in the information systems research community. Reviving conceptual modeling through institutional modeling is motivated by the effect that implemented conceptual models have on information infrastructures and institutions. The purpose of this article is to propose an institutional ontology that can support the design of information infrastructures. The ontology is theoretically informed by institutional theory and a communicative perspective on information systems design, as well as being empirically based on several case studies. It is illustrated using a case study in the welfare sector. A number of guidelines for modeling institutional reality are also proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-396772 (URN)10.1057/s41265-018-0053-2 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-11-08 Created: 2019-11-08 Last updated: 2020-01-15Bibliographically approved
Lindgren, R., Eriksson, O. & Lyytinen, K. (2015). Managing identity tensions during mobile ecosystem evolution. JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), 30(3), 229-244
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Managing identity tensions during mobile ecosystem evolution
2015 (English)In: JIT. Journal of information technology (Print), ISSN 0268-3962, E-ISSN 1466-4437, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 229-244Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The idea of an ecosystem suggests a holistic framing of how heterogeneous actors relate to one another and of the dynamics of their relationships. Because of the dynamics some relationships will become uncertain, posing significant challenge to the identity of participating organizations. Unfortunately, the Information Systems (IS) literature has not examined how organizations develop and negotiate their identities during ecosystem evolution. We fill this void by exploring identity challenges that Swedish Road Administration (SRA) faced while implementing the Radio Data System - Traffic Message Channel (RDS - TMC) traffic information service. Through a longitudinal case study we follow how SRA's inherited expectations, guiding norms, and standards of sense-giving about its identity prevented it from becoming a flexible service provider within an emerging mobile ecosystem. We record a constant clash - the identity tension - between the old inherited identity of a public road administrator and the aspiring new identity of a digital service provider. To enact a successful identity change, SRA had to engage in a series of change episodes whereby it deliberately implemented new routines that forged novel relationships with actors within the ecosystem. This permitted SRA to gradually align its identity to the evolving needs of the RDS-TMC service ecosystem. Our findings suggest that deliberate attempts to implement innovative mobile services - especially those involving public-private partnerships - trigger intriguing identity ambiguities and role dilemmas, and future research should therefore focus on effective strategies to identify, manage, and resolve inherent identity tensions.

Keywords
identity change, identity tension, mobile ecosystem, service delivery, traffic information
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262968 (URN)10.1057/jit.2015.8 (DOI)000360313200004 ()
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-23 Last updated: 2018-01-11Bibliographically approved
Goldkuhl, G., Eriksson, O., Persson, A. & Röstlinger, A. (2015). Offentliggemensamma digitala resurser:   Utmaningar i samstyrning och samanvändning inom svensk e-förvaltning: RESONANS slutrapport.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Offentliggemensamma digitala resurser:   Utmaningar i samstyrning och samanvändning inom svensk e-förvaltning: RESONANS slutrapport
2015 (Swedish)Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Projekt RESONANS har bedrivits i nära samverkan mellan Linköpings universitet, E-delegationen, Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting (SKL) och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd har erhållits från VINNOVA (dnr 2013-04936). Projektfokus har varit offentlig­gemensamma digitala resurser, dvs sådana IT-resurser som berör flera offentliga förvaltningar. Projektet har drivits av frågor som: Hur sker samstyrning av sådana digitala resurser? Vilka möjligheter och restriktioner finns i samanvändning av digitala resurser? Inom projektet har en bred kartläggningsstudie genomförts över olika offentliggemensamma initiativ. Huvudparten av projektet har utgjorts av diagnostiska fallstudier av utvalda offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Vi har studerat digitala resurser av olika typer (gemensam webbplats, gemensamma komponenter i webbplatser, gemensamma/likartade back-office system, informationsytbyte mellan förvaltningar). Följande åtta digitala resurser har studerats: 1177 Vårdguiden, ekonomiskt bistånd, e-recept, gemensam gymnasieantagning i Stockholms län, kommunala e-tjänsteplattformar, Ladok, Mina meddelanden/Min myndighetspost, verksamt.se. I projektet har vi analyserat fallstudierna utifrån sju sam­verkansdimensioner. En normativ dimension om mål och värden, en regulativ om regelverk, en relationell om aktörsrelationer och rollfördelning, en performativ om verksamhets­processer och digital funktionalitet, en semantisk om språkbruk (begriplighet och precision), en presentativ om digitala möten och användargränssnitt samt en teknisk om samband mellan digitala resurser/komponenter i digitala landskap. I denna rapport presenteras jämförande tväranalyser av de studerade digitala resurserna utifrån dessa sju samverkans­dimensioner. Utifrån vår analys av dessa samverkansdimensioner har vi formulerat arbetet med att utveckla den sammanhållna e-förvaltningen som en ”sjukamp”. En sjukamp i grenarna: målstyrning, funktionell lagstiftning, organisering av aktörsrelationer, design av verksamhetsprocesser och digital funktionalitet, språklig tillgänglighet, begriplighet och precision, organisering och design av digitala möten samt arkitektonisk design av digitala landskap.

National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271577 (URN)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Henderson-Sellers, B., Eriksson, O. & Pär, Å. (2015). On the Need for Identity in Ontology-Based Conceptual Modelling (Keynote Speech). In: Motoshi Saeki, Henning Kohler (Ed.), Proceedings of the 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Conceptual Modelling (APCCM 2015): . Paper presented at The Eleventh Asia-Pacific Conference on Conceptual Modelling (APCCM 2015), Sydney , Australia. Sydney, Australien: ACS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Need for Identity in Ontology-Based Conceptual Modelling (Keynote Speech)
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Conceptual Modelling (APCCM 2015) / [ed] Motoshi Saeki, Henning Kohler, Sydney, Australien: ACS , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Conceptual modelling is often argued to be a core technique in information systems development. An important aspect of conceptual modelling is the ontological and philosophical questions of how to conceive of object existence and identity. Despite significant interest in the topic, formal agreement on how object identity should be represented in modelling languages remains an open question. In the literature, the predominant view is that an object, or entity, is a modelling construct used to represent things. Contrary to this view, we draw on theories of language use and social ontology to understand object identity based on the notion that identity cannot be limited to the identity of physical things. The emphasis is on how language is used to create conceptual entities in a way that maintains fidelity to physical reality and ensures reliable identification of entities across domains. The theoretical implications of this work are primarily the new perspective of conceptual modelling that social ontology affords and the formal introduction and ontological grounding of institutional entities, which have so far been treated rather incidentally. Practical implications include a better foundation for designing and selecting identifiers and classes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sydney, Australien: ACS, 2015
Series
CRPIT, ISSN 1445-1336 ; 165
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271098 (URN)978-1-921770-47-0 (ISBN)
Conference
The Eleventh Asia-Pacific Conference on Conceptual Modelling (APCCM 2015), Sydney , Australia
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Henderson-Sellers, B., Gonzalez-Perez, C., Eriksson, O., Ågerfalk, P. & Walkerden, G. (2015). Software Modelling Languages: A Wish List. In: Gray, J., Chechik, M., Kulkarni, V., Paige, R. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Modeling in Software Engineering: . Paper presented at 7th International Workshop on Modelling in Software Engineering (MiSE’2015) (pp. 72-77). IEEE Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Software Modelling Languages: A Wish List
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Modeling in Software Engineering / [ed] Gray, J., Chechik, M., Kulkarni, V., Paige, R., IEEE Press, 2015, p. 72-77Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Contemporary software engineering modelling tends to rely on general-purpose languages, such as the Unified Modeling Language. However, such languages are practice-based and seldom underpinned with a solid theory – be it mathematical, ontological or concomitant with language use. The future of software modelling deserves research to evaluate whether a language base that is compatible with these various elements as well as being philosophically coherent offers practical advantages to software developers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2015
Series
ICSE
Keywords
Foundational ontologies; metamodelling; conceptual modelling; modelling languages; ontology; philosophy
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271105 (URN)10.1109/MiSE.2015.20 (DOI)000380568000013 ()
External cooperation:
Conference
7th International Workshop on Modelling in Software Engineering (MiSE’2015)
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Eriksson, O. (2015). Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: E-recept,.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: E-recept,
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning: Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för e-recept inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentliggemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av dessa digitala resurser utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.

National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271101 (URN)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Eriksson, O. & Goldkuhl, G. (2015). Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Informationsförsörjning för ekonomiskt bistånd.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Informationsförsörjning för ekonomiskt bistånd
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för (informationsförsörjning inom) ekonomiskt bistånd inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentlig- gemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar.Ekonomiskt bistånd ges av kommunernas socialtjänster till människor som inte klarar av sin försörjning på egen hand. Ekonomiskt bistånd är den ”sista utposten” av det offentligas resurser för att stödja människor utan egna ekonomiska resurser. För handläggning av ansökningar om ekonomiskt bistånd inom kommunerna krävs att kontroller görs av information som registerhålles av olika statliga myndigheter om de sökandes andra ekonomiska förmåner och omständigheter. Digital samverkan har utvecklats mellan å ena sidan kommunerna och å andra sidan statliga myndigheter och a-kassorna. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av digitala resurser för ekonomiskt bistånd utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.Det har funnits och finns fortfarande stora svårigheter att få till stånd en effektiv digital informationsförsörjning inom ekonomiskt bistånd. Den rättsliga regleringen är omfattande, komplex och delvis motstridig. Det har varit svårt att få till stånd en fungerande utvecklingssamverkan mellan kommunkollektivet och olika myndigheter. På kommunsidan används olika proprietära programvaror (socialtjänstssystem) och leverantörerna till dessa har visat svagt intresse för att öppna upp sina system för digital samverkan.

National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271103 (URN)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Eriksson, O. (2015). Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Ladok.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studie av en samling offentliggemensamma digitala resurser: Ladok
2015 (Swedish)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [sv]

Detta är en fallstudieredovisning av digitala resurser för Ladok inom ramen för forskningsprojektet RESONANS. Detta projekt leds av Linköpings universitet och bedrivs i nära samverkan med E-delegationen, SKL och Uppsala universitet. Ekonomiskt stöd ges av VINNOVA. Projektets fokus är offentliggemensamma digitala resurser. Med begreppet digital resurs menas sådan digitalt representerad information och mjukvara som i något avseende kan ses som en samlad resurs och som kräver särskild styrning vad gäller utveckling, drift och förvaltning. Med offentliggemensamma digitala resurser menas sådana IT-resurser som i någon mening kan ses som en gemensam angelägenhet för flera offentliga förvaltningar. Vi har beskrivit och analyserat samstyrning och samanvändning av dessa digitala resurser utifrån sju samverkansdimensioner som definierats inom RESONANS-projektet: normativ, regulativ, relationell, performativ, semantisk, presentativ och teknisk dimension.

National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271102 (URN)
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10
Bergholtz, M. & Eriksson, O. (2015). Towards a Socio-Institutional Ontology for Conceptual Modelling of Information Systems. In: Jeusfeld, Manfred A., Karlapalem, Kamalakar (Ed.), Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2015 Workshops AHA, CMS, EMoV, MoBID, MORE-BI, MReBA, QMMQ, and SCME, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-22, 2015, Proceedings. Paper presented at ER 2015 (pp. 225-235). Springer International Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Socio-Institutional Ontology for Conceptual Modelling of Information Systems
2015 (English)In: Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2015 Workshops AHA, CMS, EMoV, MoBID, MORE-BI, MReBA, QMMQ, and SCME, Stockholm, Sweden, October 19-22, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Jeusfeld, Manfred A., Karlapalem, Kamalakar, Springer International Publishing , 2015, p. 225-235Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Most work on ontologies for conceptual modelling is based on the assumption that conceptual models represent a pre-existing reality, which they should faithfully reflect. This paper suggests an ontology for conceptual modelling of institutional domains taking into account also the prescriptive role of conceptual models, thereby supporting the design of information systems. The paper draws on the current ontological discourse in information systems engineering; descriptive vs prescriptive conceptual modelling; socio-materiality in terms of clarifying the relationships be-tween physical and social domains; and ontological differences between (physical) properties and rights. The results of the paper can be used to support conceptual mod-elling in business analysis, in particular requirements elicitation of regulative aspects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer International Publishing, 2015
Series
Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ; 9382
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-271092 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-25747-1_23 (DOI)000374575200023 ()9783319257471 (ISBN)9783319257464 (ISBN)
Conference
ER 2015
Available from: 2016-01-05 Created: 2016-01-05 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
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