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Leijon, Karin
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, A., Leijon, K., Michalski, A. & Oxelheim, L. (Eds.). (2020). The European Union and the Return of the Nation State: interdisciplinary European studies (1ed.). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The European Union and the Return of the Nation State: interdisciplinary European studies
2020 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. p. 275 Edition: 1
Keywords
European Union, nation-state, rule of law, Brexit, refugee crisis, tax law, secessionism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Business Administration Economics Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-406410 (URN)978-3-030-35004-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-03-07 Created: 2020-03-07 Last updated: 2020-03-07
Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, A., Leijon, K., Michalski, A. & Oxelheim, L. (2020). The EU, the Nation-State and the Perennial Challenge to European Integration (1ed.). In: Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim (Ed.), The European Union and the Return of the Nation State: interdisciplinary European studies: (pp. 1-26). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The EU, the Nation-State and the Perennial Challenge to European Integration
2020 (English)In: The European Union and the Return of the Nation State: interdisciplinary European studies / [ed] Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt, Karin Leijon, Anna Michalski & Lars Oxelheim, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020, 1, p. 1-26Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2020 Edition: 1
Keywords
EU, nation state, Brexit, refugee policy, rule of law, Euro, secessionism
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies) Law and Society
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-406411 (URN)978-3-030-35004-8 (ISBN)978-3-030-35005-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-03-07 Created: 2020-03-07 Last updated: 2020-03-07
Leijon, K. (2018). National Courts as Gatekeepers in European Integration: Examining the Choices National Courts Make in the Preliminary Ruling Procedure. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>National Courts as Gatekeepers in European Integration: Examining the Choices National Courts Make in the Preliminary Ruling Procedure
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The national courts’ placement in the intersection between the EU and member state legal systems makes them important gatekeepers in the process of European legal integration. In the scholarly debate, national courts are characterized as either supporters of legal integration or as defenders of national sovereignty. The aim of this thesis is to improve our understanding of the national courts’ role as gatekeepers in EU legal integration by shedding new light on the national courts’ behavioral patterns and the reasoning of individual judges in the preliminary ruling procedure. Empirically the thesis provides a detailed examination of the national courts’ two key choices in the preliminary ruling procedure, both of which have important implications for the scope and pace of integration: (1) whether national courts are allowing the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) to decide politically sensitive cases in which national policies are at stake; and (2) whether national courts frame cases by expressing support for an integration-friendly interpretation of the EU law or whether they instead voice an opinion in defense of challenged national law. Theoretically, the thesis contributes to redefining the main theoretical controversy on what role national courts play in EU legal integration by identifying previously un-theorized behavior patterns. The analysis demonstrates that national court behavior is not limited to either supporting legal integration or defending national sovereignty. On the contrary, national courts frequently make choices that may alleviate parts of the inherent tension between national concerns and the EU legal obligations that member states must accept in order for the EU to function efficiently. Moreover, a case study of the Swedish judiciary shows that Swedish judges are not reasoning as expected by the dominant theoretical outlook in the judicial politics literature, meaning that they are not primarily guided by the logic of consequentialism and self-regarding considerations when making decisions in the preliminary ruling procedure. Instead, the judges’ mode of reasoning centers on what constitutes the appropriate course of action given their professional obligations and how their choices may impact the functioning of the preliminary ruling procedure. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 213
Series
Skrifter utgivna av Statsvetenskapliga föreningen i Uppsala, ISSN 0346-7538 ; 201
Keywords
European integration, National courts, Court of Justice of the European Union
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347101 (URN)978-91-513-0332-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-06-08, Brusewitzsalen, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, Gamla Torget 6, Uppsala, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-16 Created: 2018-04-15 Last updated: 2018-10-08
Leijon, K. & Karlsson, C. (2013). Nationella domstolar som politiska aktörer: - främjare av rättslig integration eller försvarare av nationella intressen?. Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, 115(1), 5-34
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nationella domstolar som politiska aktörer: - främjare av rättslig integration eller försvarare av nationella intressen?
2013 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskaplig Tidskrift, ISSN 0039-0747, Vol. 115, no 1, p. 5-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It has been widely recognised that national courts play a significant role in the process of European integration. By asking the European Court of Justice for preliminary rulings, national courts have contributed in promoting legal integration. Although previous research has recognised the importance of national courts, we still have only limited empirical knowledge on how they act. This article examines whether national courts act as promoters of legal integration or defenders of the national interest. It does so by providing a systematic investigation of: 1, what type of cases they refer to the ECJ, and 2, what type of opinions they attach with preliminary references. The article utilise data from all 67 cases referred to the ECJ during the period 1995-2009. The results indicate that Swedish courts act strategically to balance the claims of providing the ECJ with preliminary references and the demands for taking national considerations into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Fahlbeckska Stiftelsen, 2013
Keywords
Juridisk aktivism, Europeiska domstolen, nationella domstolar, förhandsavgörande
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-193407 (URN)
Available from: 2013-02-01 Created: 2013-02-01 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
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