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Sinclair, Paul
Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Sinclair, P. (2019). Towards an Understanding of Spatio-Temporal Dynamics at Great Zimbabwe: Contributions of the Urban Origins in Eastern and Southern Africa Programme. Acta Archaeologica, 90(1), 123-134
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards an Understanding of Spatio-Temporal Dynamics at Great Zimbabwe: Contributions of the Urban Origins in Eastern and Southern Africa Programme
2019 (English)In: Acta Archaeologica, ISSN 0065-101X, E-ISSN 1600-0390, Vol. 90, no 1, p. 123-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1987 archaeologists from nine African countries and colleagues from Sweden began a co-operation programme to study urbanism in eastern and southern Africa under the auspices of The Urban Origins programme. The programme involved 22 parallel field projects throughout the West Indian Ocean region and the southern Africa interior. The article presents a compilation of diverse material on Great Zimbabwe that has been scattered in different fora. The research was directed by an overall approach that investigations in urban archaeology in Africa must be at the same scale that people lived in the past. The results briefly presented here show the potential of multivariate assessments of the spatial distributions of large-scale urban sites in Africa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-387551 (URN)10.1111/j.1600-0390.2019.12207.x (DOI)000468212400005 ()
Available from: 2019-06-25 Created: 2019-06-25 Last updated: 2019-06-25Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, P., Moen, J. & Crumley, C. L. (2018). Historical Ecology and the Longue Durée. In: Crumley, Carole L.; Lennartsson, Tommy & Westin, Anna (Ed.), Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology: The Past and Future of Landscapes and Regions. Paper presented at Meeting on Is there a Future for the Past? - Challenges in the Research and Practice of Historical Ecology, April 16-18, 2013, Odalgården, Sweden. (pp. 13-40). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Historical Ecology and the Longue Durée
2018 (English)In: Issues and Concepts in Historical Ecology: The Past and Future of Landscapes and Regions / [ed] Crumley, Carole L.; Lennartsson, Tommy & Westin, Anna, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018, p. 13-40Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018
National Category
Ecology History and Archaeology Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-380677 (URN)10.1017/9781108355780.002 (DOI)000461066400002 ()978-1-108-42098-3 (ISBN)9781108355780 (ISBN)
Conference
Meeting on Is there a Future for the Past? - Challenges in the Research and Practice of Historical Ecology, April 16-18, 2013, Odalgården, Sweden.
Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-06-27Bibliographically approved
Armstrong, C., Shoemaker, A., McKechnie, I., Ekblom, A., Szabó, P., Lane, P. J., . . . Crumley, C. L. (2017). Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects. PLoS ONE, 12(2), Article ID e0171883.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects
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2017 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 2, article id e0171883Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents the results of a consensus-driven process identifying 50 priority research questions for historical ecology obtained through crowdsourcing, literature reviews, and in-person workshopping. A deliberative approach was designed to maximize discussion and debate with defined outcomes. Two in-person workshops (in Sweden and Canada) over the course of two years and online discussions were peer facilitated to define specific key questions for historical ecology from anthropological and archaeological perspectives. The aim of this research is to showcase the variety of questions that reflect the broad scope for historical-ecological research trajectories across scientific disciplines. Historical ecology encompasses research concerned with decadal, centennial, and millennial human-environmental interactions, and the consequences that those relationships have in the formation of contemporary landscapes. Six interrelated themes arose from our consensus-building workshop model: (1) climate and environmental change and variability; (2) multi-scalar, multi-disciplinary; (3) biodiversity and community ecology; (4) resource and environmental management and governance; (5) methods and applications; and (6) communication and policy. The 50 questions represented by these themes highlight meaningful trends in historical ecology that distill the field down to three explicit findings. First, historical ecology is fundamentally an applied research program. Second, this program seeks to understand long-term human-environment interactions with a focus on avoiding, mitigating, and reversing adverse ecological effects. Third, historical ecology is part of convergent trends toward transdisciplinary research science, which erodes scientific boundaries between the cultural and natural.

Keywords
Historical Ecology
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-316292 (URN)10.1371/journal.pone.0171883 (DOI)000394688200037 ()28235093 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-02-28 Created: 2017-02-28 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Ekblom, A., Lane, P., Radimilahy, C., Rakotoarisoa, J.-A., Sinclair, P. & Virah-Samwy, M. (2016). Migrations and interactions between Madagascar and the eastern Africa, 500 BC – 1000 AD:: the archeological perspective. In: Campbell, G. (Ed.), Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean World: (pp. 191-230). Cham: Springer International Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Migrations and interactions between Madagascar and the eastern Africa, 500 BC – 1000 AD:: the archeological perspective
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2016 (English)In: Early Exchange between Africa and the Wider Indian Ocean World / [ed] Campbell, G., Cham: Springer International Publishing , 2016, p. 191-230Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016
Series
Palgrave Series in Indian Ocean World Studies
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390706 (URN)10.1007%2F978-3-319-33822-4 (DOI)9783319338224 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-13 Created: 2019-08-13 Last updated: 2019-08-28Bibliographically approved
Ekblom, A., Eichhorn, B., Sinclair, P., Badenhorst, S. & Berger, A. (2014). Land use history and resource utilisation from A.D. 400to the present, at Chibuene, southern Mozambique. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 23(1), 15-32
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Land use history and resource utilisation from A.D. 400to the present, at Chibuene, southern Mozambique
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2014 (English)In: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, ISSN 0939-6314, E-ISSN 1617-6278, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 15-32Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper discusses changing patterns of resource utilisation over time in the locality of Chibuene, Vilankulos, situated on the coastal plain of southern Mozambique. The macroscopic charcoal, bone and shellassemblages from archaeological excavations are presented and discussed against the off-site palaeoecological records from pollen, fungal spores and microscopic charcoal. The Chibuene landscape has experienced four phases of land use and resource utilisation that have interacted with changes in the environment. Phase 1 (A.D. 400–900), forest savanna mosaic, low intensity cattle herding and cultivation, trade of resources for domestic use. Phase 2 (A.D. 900–1400), forest savanna mosaic, high intensity/extensive cultivation and cattle herding. Phase 3 (A.D. 1400–1800), savanna woodland and progressive decrease in forests owing to droughts. Decline of agricultural activities and higher reliance on marine resources. Possible trade of resources with the interior. Phase 4 (A.D. 1800–1900), open savanna with few forest patches. Warfare and social unrest. Collapse of trade with the interior. Decline in marine resources and wildlife. Loss of cattle herds. Expansion of agriculture locally and introduction of New World crops and clearing of Brachystegia trees. The study shows the importance of combining different environmental resources for elucidating how land use and natural variability have changed over time.

Keywords
Land use history, Resource utilisation, Pollen Fungal spores Wood charcoal, Osteology
National Category
Archaeology Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Archaeology; Earth Science with specialization in Physical Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197351 (URN)10.1007/s00334-013-0392-4 (DOI)000329317200002 ()
Available from: 2013-03-24 Created: 2013-03-24 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Costanza, R., van der Leeuw, S., Hibbard, K., Aulenbach, S., Brewer, S., Burek, M., . . . Steffen, W. (2012). Developing an Integrated History and future of People on Earth (IHOPE). Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(1), 106-114
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing an Integrated History and future of People on Earth (IHOPE)
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2012 (English)In: Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, ISSN 1877-3435, E-ISSN 1877-3443, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 106-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Integrated History and future of People on Earth (IHOPE) initiative is a global network of researchers and research projects with its International Program Office (IPO) now based at the Stockholm Resilience Center (SRC), Uppsala University, Arizona State University, Portland State University, and the Australian National University. Research linked to IHOPE demonstrates that Earth system changes in the past have been strongly associated with changes in the coupled human-environment system. IHOPE supports integrating knowledge and resources from the biophysical and the social sciences and the humanities to address analytical and interpretive issues associated with coupled human-earth system dynamics. This integration of human history and Earth system history is a timely and important task. Until recently, however, there have been few attempts at such integration. IHOPE will create frameworks that can be used to help achieve this integration. The overarching goal is to produce a rich understanding of the relationships between environmental and human processes over the past millennia. HOPE recognizes that one major challenge for reaching this goal is developing 'workable' terminology that can be accepted by scholars of all disciplines. The specific objectives for IHOPE are to identify slow and rapidly moving features of complex social-ecological systems, on local to continental spatial scales, which induce resilience, stress, or collapse in linked systems of humans in nature. These objectives will be reached by exploring innovative ways of conducting interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary science, including theory, case studies, and integrated modeling. Examples of projects underway to implement this initiative are briefly discussed.

National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174210 (URN)10.1016/j.cosust.2012.01.010 (DOI)000302507600013 ()
Available from: 2012-05-15 Created: 2012-05-14 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Seitzinger, S. P., Svedin, U., Crumley, C. L., Steffen, W., Abdullah, S. A., Alfsen, C., . . . Sugar, L. (2012). Planetary Stewardship in an Urbanizing World: Beyond City Limits. Ambio, 41(8), 787-794
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Planetary Stewardship in an Urbanizing World: Beyond City Limits
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2012 (English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 41, no 8, p. 787-794Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cities are rapidly increasing in importance as a major factor shaping the Earth system, and therefore, must take corresponding responsibility. With currently over half the world's population, cities are supported by resources originating from primarily rural regions often located around the world far distant from the urban loci of use. The sustainability of a city can no longer be considered in isolation from the sustainability of human and natural resources it uses from proximal or distant regions, or the combined resource use and impacts of cities globally. The world's multiple and complex environmental and social challenges require interconnected solutions and coordinated governance approaches to planetary stewardship. We suggest that a key component of planetary stewardship is a global system of cities that develop sustainable processes and policies in concert with its non-urban areas. The potential for cities to cooperate as a system and with rural connectivity could increase their capacity to effect change and foster stewardship at the planetary scale and also increase their resource security.

Keywords
Urban, Rural, Resources, Sustainability, Planetary stewardship, Global, Governance
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-188390 (URN)10.1007/s13280-012-0353-7 (DOI)000310866600001 ()
Available from: 2012-12-19 Created: 2012-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, P. (2012). Staden som idé och tanke. In: Anneli Ekblom, Michel Notelid (Ed.), Miljöhistorier: Personliga, lokala, globala berättelser om dåtid, nutid och framtid. (pp. 37-44). Uppsala: CSD Uppsala och Institution för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staden som idé och tanke
2012 (Swedish)In: Miljöhistorier: Personliga, lokala, globala berättelser om dåtid, nutid och framtid. / [ed] Anneli Ekblom, Michel Notelid, Uppsala: CSD Uppsala och Institution för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet , 2012, p. 37-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Städer ingår i det mänskliga tänkandet, de bebyggs, utvecklas och överges som ett resultat av mänskliga beslut och handlingar. Vi blir alltmer medvetna om samspelet mellan tanke och handling och miljön både på lokal och regional skala. Ibland låser stadsplanering, befolkningstryck och ekonomi in stadens invånare i beteenden och skeenden som gör att den ekologiska kapaciteten i staden och dess omland överskrids. Men det är tranformation snarare än kollaps som står i fokus i våra studier. Städer flyttas eller ombildas, dess organisation och funktion förändras och dess befolkning är ofta blandad med stor ekonomisk, social och kulturell mångfald. Det råder föga tvivel i våra sinnen att städers hållbarhetsproblematik är central när det gäller att bemöta de mångfacetterade och allvarliga globala förändringar som vi alla står inför i dag. En ofta citerad men högst relevant iakttagelse är att mer än hälften av världens befolkning nu bor i städer. Städer utgör på så sätt både ursprunget till och samtidigt den potentiella lösningen på de hållbarhetsproblem vi ser idag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: CSD Uppsala och Institution för arkeologi och antik historia, Uppsala universitet, 2012
Keywords
Miljöhistoria, Hållbar utveckling, Urbanism
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-189945 (URN)978-91-506-2320-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-01-05 Created: 2013-01-05 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved
Sinclair, P., Ekblom, A. & Wood, M. (2012). Trade and society on the south-east African coast in the later first millennium AD: the case of Chibuene. Antiquity, 86(333), 723-737
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Trade and society on the south-east African coast in the later first millennium AD: the case of Chibuene
2012 (English)In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 86, no 333, p. 723-737Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The south-east coast of Africa in the later first millennium was busy with boats and the movement of goods from across the Indian Ocean to the interior. The landing places were crucial mediators in this process, in Africa as elsewhere. Investigations at the beach site of Chibuene show that a local community was supplying imported beads to such interior sites as Schroda, with the consequent emergence there of hierarchical power structures.

Keywords
south-east Africa, Chibuene, first millennium AD, trade and exchange, social
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-179885 (URN)000308514600009 ()
Available from: 2012-08-27 Created: 2012-08-27 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
Badenhorst, S., Sinclair, P. & Ekblom, A. (2011). Faunal remains from Chibuene, an Iron Age coastal trading station in central Mozambique. Southern African Humanities, 23, 1-15
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Faunal remains from Chibuene, an Iron Age coastal trading station in central Mozambique
2011 (English)In: Southern African Humanities, ISSN 1681-5564, Vol. 23, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report on the small faunal assemblage from the Iron Age coastal trading station of Chibuene, situated on the coastal littoral of central Mozambique. The faunal assemblage was excavated in 1995 and contains bones from a variety of animals, including livestock, chickens, wild game animals, as well as aquatic species such as turtles and fish. Fish, turtle and shark remains dominate the assemblage. The fauna from the first and second millennium AD occupations share similarities with other contemporaneous sites to the north on the East African coast, rather than with sites located in South Africa.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal Museum, 2011
Keywords
Fauna, cattle, Swahili, Bantu speakers, trade, fishing
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-162951 (URN)
Available from: 2011-12-06 Created: 2011-12-06 Last updated: 2017-11-01Bibliographically approved
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