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Publications (10 of 12) Show all publications
Sätre, A.-M. (2019). The Politics of Poverty in Contemporary Russia (1ed.). Abingdon, Oxon and New York, NY: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Politics of Poverty in Contemporary Russia
2019 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book provides an overview of poverty and well-being in Russia. Increasing poverty rates in Russia during the 1990s were followed by greater attention to social policies in the 2000s. There were also increased efforts to engage people in socially oriented NGOs and citizens were ‘encouraged’ to contribute to the fulfillment of social aims. What impact did these developments have on the prevalence of poverty in contemporary Russian society?

Tracing continuities from the Soviet system alongside recent developments such as the falling price of oil, economic sanctions, and changes in directions of social policy, this book explores the impact of poverty, inequality and social programmes. The author examines the agency of people living in poverty and those engaged in social policy, using official statistics, survey data and interviews from four Russian regions to explain the reasons and consequences of poverty and people’s attempts to get out of it.

The approach is based on institutional theory, complemented by Amartya Sen’s capability approach highlighting the importance of agency and an institutional framework as a means for change. A timely book that will be of interest to students of contemporary Russian politics as well as those engaged in social policy issues.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon and New York, NY: Routledge, 2019. p. 184 Edition: 1
Series
Studies in Contemporary Russia
Keywords
Russia, Poverty
National Category
Economics Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372197 (URN)9780815347323 (ISBN)9781351169448 (ISBN)
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2011-40014-86345-28
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-05-08Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. (2018). Poverty, Inequality and Social Welfare in Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia (19ed.). In: Dominic Heaney (Ed.), Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2019: (pp. 17-21). London and New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poverty, Inequality and Social Welfare in Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia
2018 (English)In: Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia 2019 / [ed] Dominic Heaney, London and New York: Routledge, 2018, 19, p. 17-21Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London and New York: Routledge, 2018 Edition: 19
Series
Europa Regional Surveys of the World Series
Keywords
poverty, inequality, social welfare, Russia, Central Asia, Eastern Europe
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372440 (URN)978-1-85743-941-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-09-13Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. (2018). ‘Soviet Heritage’ and Women’s Entrepreneurship in Russia. Vestnik Udmurtskovo Universiteta, 2(4), 495-501
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Soviet Heritage’ and Women’s Entrepreneurship in Russia
2018 (English)In: Vestnik Udmurtskovo Universiteta, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 495-501Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In Russia, as in most other countries, differences between men’s and women’s entrepreneurial activities can be observed. This article, however, looks specifically into differences that can be linked to the survival of norms from the Soviet time. These are related to the rather different societal roles women and men had in the Soviet system as determined by the needs of the state in the building of socialism. The main argument here is that Soviet norms on gender relations continue to shape gender roles in contemporary Russia, which also contribute to explain the character  of women’s entrepreneurship in today’s Russia. The empirical data is based on observations and qualitative interviews in two Russian regions in 2002-2016.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Izhevsk, Russia: , 2018
Keywords
Russia, female entrepreneurship, Soviet heritage
National Category
Social Sciences Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372201 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-01-16Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. (2018). Women's Entrepreneurship in Russia. Nauka, Biznes, Vlast – triada regionalnovo razvitiya. Cbornik Statey 2018. Edited by Rimma Timofeeva and L.A. Kirkorova. Novgorod: State University of Novgorod., 137-143
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women's Entrepreneurship in Russia
2018 (English)In: Nauka, Biznes, Vlast – triada regionalnovo razvitiya. Cbornik Statey 2018. Edited by Rimma Timofeeva and L.A. Kirkorova. Novgorod: State University of Novgorod., p. 137-143Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Novgorod: , 2018
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-372199 (URN)
Available from: 2019-01-06 Created: 2019-01-06 Last updated: 2019-07-17Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. & Granberg, L. (2017). Policy implementation and initiatives in Russia: a local perspective. Laboratorium, 9(3), 70-81
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy implementation and initiatives in Russia: a local perspective
2017 (English)In: Laboratorium, ISSN 2076-8214, E-ISSN 2078-1938, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 70-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article discusses the role of local initiatives in policy implementation in Russia. The question of the relationship between state and civic organizations in Russia is complex and problematic. On the local level, state programs and private charity funds offer some financing for local projects, realizing local initiatives. Such projects are often consequences of civic activity and would benefit from vital and well-functioning NGOs, which are rare in present-day Russia. This article introduces the main political instruments for local development and describes the experiences of local initiatives, understanding them as features of an emerging civil society in Russia. It also describes the relation between state and local activity, posing the question: what type of democracy do these local experiences indicate? A "project approach" on the local level can be thought of as an attempt by the Russian power hierarchy to solve local societal problems by combining hierarchic decision making and people's participation. It leads Russian leaders to the complicated dilemma of supporting active participation while needing to maintain control over it at the same time-in spite of that control's negative effects on local initiatives and innovation. For local citizens it creates another dilemma: they must adapt their individual agency to the social landscape of support and punishment. Finally, the article revisits James G. March and Johan P. Olsen's two models of democracy-the "aggregative pattern" and the "integrative pattern." The Russian political practice seems to attempt to adopt limited versions of both models at the same time, even if not in their purest form. The first model, the aggregative pattern, is adopted on the macro level with a strong authoritative element blended within interest mediation, and the integrative pattern is adopted at the local level combined with the construction of controlling mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CENTRE INDEPENDENT SOCIAL RESEARCH, 2017
Keywords
Russia, Policy Implementation, Civil Society, Self-Managed Local Associations (TOS)
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356821 (URN)10.25285/2078-1938-2017-9-3-70-81 (DOI)000432693000004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilSida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencySwedish Institute
Available from: 2018-08-07 Created: 2018-08-07 Last updated: 2018-08-07Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M., Granberg, L. & Varyzgina, A. (2017). Poverty and civil society in Russia. In: Kristina Svels (Ed.), Uneven processes of Rural Change: On Diversity, Knowledge and Justice. Paper presented at XXVII European Society for Rural Sociology Congress, 24-27 July 2017, Kraków, Poland (pp. 63--64).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Poverty and civil society in Russia
2017 (English)In: Uneven processes of Rural Change: On Diversity, Knowledge and Justice / [ed] Kristina Svels, 2017, p. 63--64Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The focus of the paper is on the reactions in civil society on the local level, related to poverty problems in Russia. Local initiatives has become a political aim in the local context, at the same time as political control of civic activities is restricting to implement and further develop such initiatives.

Keywords
Poverty, Russia, civil society
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-330516 (URN)978-83-947775-0-0 (ISBN)
Conference
XXVII European Society for Rural Sociology Congress, 24-27 July 2017, Kraków, Poland
Available from: 2017-10-02 Created: 2017-10-02 Last updated: 2019-09-17Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. & Asztalos Morell, I. (Eds.). (2016). Attitudes, poverty and agency in Russia and Ukraine. New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Attitudes, poverty and agency in Russia and Ukraine
2016 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

One of the main ideas behind this book was to trace continuities from the Soviet time to post-Soviet Russia. There are many similarities between Russia and Ukraine, indicating such a continuation. Russia and Ukraine had a lot in common in terms of culture, language and history, partly also because of their common origin. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, however, the two independent countries chose different routes of development. This makes it possible to distinguish between the effects of politics/reforms on the one hand, and the impacts from the Soviet system on the other. After some more or less chaotic development paths in the 1990s, showing clear differences between the two countries, and before the contemporary conflict broke out in Eastern Ukraine (2013), they had once again more similarities in terms of political leadership and policies in general.

The chapters in this book focus on Ukraine and on two regions in Russia: Nizhny Novgorod and Archangelsk. Contributors look at attitudes towards poverty and poor people; strategies of the poor; and policies against poverty. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Routledge, 2016. p. 170
Keywords
poverty, gender, masculinity, policy, agency, elite, attitude
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274605 (URN)9781138957640 (ISBN)
Projects
Negotiating poverty, Vetenskapsrådet
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-01-23 Created: 2016-01-23 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
Granberg, L. & Sätre, A.-M. (2016). Policy implementation in Russia: The local perspective. In: Timofejeva, Rimma and L.A.Kirkorova (Ed.), Nauka, biznec, Vlactj: triada regionaljnovo razvitiya. Paper presented at International scientific-practical conference "Science, business, power - triad of regional development", 26 April 2016, Novgorod State University, Novgorod, Russian Federation (pp. 48-70). Novgorod: University of Novgorod
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Policy implementation in Russia: The local perspective
2016 (English)In: Nauka, biznec, Vlactj: triada regionaljnovo razvitiya / [ed] Timofejeva, Rimma and L.A.Kirkorova, Novgorod: University of Novgorod , 2016, p. 48-70Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Novgorod: University of Novgorod, 2016
Keywords
local studies, Russia, agency, local politics
National Category
Economics and Business
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-323255 (URN)978-5-9908454-3-5 (ISBN)
Conference
International scientific-practical conference "Science, business, power - triad of regional development", 26 April 2016, Novgorod State University, Novgorod, Russian Federation
Projects
Choices of Russian ModernisationPoverty in Russia
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Note

Projekt samarbete mellan Finlands Akademins 'Choices of Russian Modernisation' och Vetenskapsrådets 'Poverty in Russia' projekt.

Available from: 2017-09-29 Created: 2017-09-29 Last updated: 2017-10-04Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. (2016). Women’s Entrepreneurship in Russia: Impacts from the Soviet System. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 10(1), 53-69
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Women’s Entrepreneurship in Russia: Impacts from the Soviet System
2016 (English)In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, E-ISSN 1750-6212, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 53-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose - This paper aims to analyze how surviving norms from the Soviet time continue to shape women's entrepreneurship in contemporary Russia.

Design/methodology/approach - The empirical data are based on observations and qualitative interviews in two Russian regions in 2002-2014 and also to a part on a survey from one of the regions. The analytical framework is based on Douglass North's (1990) categorization of four main kinds of institutions which influence the way a society develops: legal rules, organization forms, enforcement and behavioural norms.

Findings - The analysis shows that it is important to incorporate norms connected to women's societal roles to the institutional theory. The survival of norms might in fact imply that women's entrepreneurship tends to conserve the ways the system works, rather than to contributing to changing it. Although the survival of such norms tends to prevent changes, the possibility to start private businesses, on the other hand, opened up new ways for women to fulfill their different societal responsibilities.

Originality/value - The paper is based on unique empirical data including some 200 interviews and observations from regular field trips to villages and small towns in Russia since the early 2000s.

National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-281889 (URN)10.1108/JEC-08-2015-0045 (DOI)000373109100004 ()
Available from: 2016-03-30 Created: 2016-03-30 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Sätre, A.-M. (2014). Paid and Unpaid Social Work in Russia: Is Women’s Social Work opening up Opportunities for Empowerment Processes?. International Social Work, 57(5), 523-534
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Paid and Unpaid Social Work in Russia: Is Women’s Social Work opening up Opportunities for Empowerment Processes?
2014 (English)In: International Social Work, ISSN 0020-8728, E-ISSN 1461-7234, Vol. 57, no 5, p. 523-534Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article analyses whether social work in Russia can have an empowering effect on the poor, given the survival of hierarchical structure of organizations and women's responsibility for social welfare. Although state policies promote charity rather than empowerment, this study also discusses to what extent women's paid and unpaid work could stimulate processes of empowerment through supportive measures that open up possibilities for the poor to engage in changing their own situation. The empirical data are based on interviews with social work specialists, NGO representatives and local politicians in two Russian regions.

National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221489 (URN)10.1177/0020872814536419 (DOI)000341863700009 ()
Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-31 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-7784-5154

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