uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 17) Show all publications
Ruan, C., Wang, Z., Lindh, J. & Strömme, M. (2018). Carbonized cellulose beads for efficient capacitive energy storage. Cellulose (London), 25(6), 3545-3556
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Carbonized cellulose beads for efficient capacitive energy storage
2018 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 25, no 6, p. 3545-3556Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Natural biomaterials, including polysaccharides and amino acids, provide a sustainable source of functional carbon materials for electric energy storage applications. We present a one-pot reductive amination process to functionalize 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) beads with chitosan and l-cysteine to provide single (N)- and dual (N/S)-doped materials. The functionalization enables the physicochemical properties of the materials to be tailored and can provide carbon precursors with heteroatom doping suitable for energy storage applications. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize the changes to the beads after functionalization and carbonization. The results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy verified that the doping was effective, while the nitrogen sorption isotherms and pore-size distributions of the carbonized beads showed the effects of doping with different hierarchical porosities. In the electrochemical experiments, three kinds of carbon beads [pyrolyzed from DAC, chitosan-crosslinked DAC (CS-DAC) and l-cysteine-functionalized DAC] were used as electrode materials. Electrodes of carbonized CS-DAC beads had a specific capacitance of up to 242 F g(-1) at a current density of 1 A g(-1). These electrodes maintained a capacitance retention of 91.5% after 1000 charge/discharge cycles, suggesting excellent cycling stability. The results indicate that reductive amination of DAC is an effective route for heteroatom doping of carbon materials to be used as electrode active materials for energy storage.

Keywords
2, 3-Dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) beads, Nitrogen doping, Nitrogen/sulfur doping, Supercapacitor
National Category
Materials Chemistry Physical Chemistry Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357553 (URN)10.1007/s10570-018-1811-6 (DOI)000432990300030 ()
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Stiftelsen Olle Engkvist Byggmästare
Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2018-08-17Bibliographically approved
Wang, Z., Li, M., Ruan, C., Liu, C., Zhang, C., Xu, C., . . . Nyholm, L. (2018). Conducting Polymer Paper-Derived Mesoporous 3D N-doped Carbon Current Collectors for Na and Li Metal Anodes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 122(41), 23352-23363
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conducting Polymer Paper-Derived Mesoporous 3D N-doped Carbon Current Collectors for Na and Li Metal Anodes: A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study
Show others...
2018 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 122, no 41, p. 23352-23363Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Herein, the manufacturing of a free-standing N-doped mesoporous carbon (CPPY) paper by straightforward carbonization of polypyrrole-coated nanocellulose paper is described. The deposition of Na and Li on these CPPY electrodes, which also serve as current collectors, is studied using a combination of experiments and theoretical calculations. The porous CPPY electrodes gave rise to decreased current densities, which helped to prolong the life-time of the Na electrodes. While the density functional theory calculations suggest that both Na and Li should be deposited uniformly on the CPPY electrodes, the experimental results clearly show that the sodium deposition was more well-defined on the surface of the CPPY electrodes. In contrast to Li, dendrite-free Na depositions could be carried out using deposition capacities up to 12 mAh cm(-2 )and a stable Na electrode cycling performance was found during 1000 h at 1 mA cm(-2). The results suggest that it was difficult to predict the Na or Li deposition behavior merely based on calculations of the metal adsorption energies, as kinetic effects should also be taken into account. Nevertheless, the experimental results clearly show that the use of the present type of porous electrodes provides new possibilities for the development of durable Na electrodes for high-performance sodium metal batteries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER CHEMICAL SOC, 2018
National Category
Materials Chemistry Physical Chemistry Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369911 (URN)10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b07481 (DOI)000448087900013 ()
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyeSSENCE - An eScience Collaboration
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Wang, Z., Pan, R., Xu, C., Ruan, C., Edström, K., Strømme, M. & Nyholm, L. (2018). Conducting polymer paper-derived separators for lithium metal batteries. Energy Storage Materials, 13, 283-292
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Conducting polymer paper-derived separators for lithium metal batteries
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Energy Storage Materials, ISSN 2405-8297, Vol. 13, p. 283-292Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Overoxidised polypyrrole (PPy) paper has been employed as a mesoporous separator for lithium metal batteries (LMBs) based on its narrow pore size distribution, good thermal stability, high ionic conductivity (1.1 mS cm−1 with a LP40 electrolyte) and high electrolyte wettability. The overoxidised PPy paper was produced from a PPy/cellulose composite using a combined base and heat-treatment process, yielding a highly interrupted pyrrole molecular structure including N-containing polar groups maintaining the readily adaptable mesoporous structure of the pristine PPy paper. This well-defined pore structure gave rise to a homogeneous current distribution which significantly increased the performance of a LiFePO4|Li cell. With the overoxidised PPy separator, a symmetric Li|Li cell could be cycled reversibly for more than 600 h without any short-circuits in a LP40 electrolyte. This approach facilitates the manufacturing of well-defined separators for fundamental investigations of the influence of the separator structure on the performance of LMBs.

Keywords
Conducting polymers, nanocellulose, separator, porosity, lithium metal, batteries
National Category
Inorganic Chemistry Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Chemistry with specialization in Inorganic Chemistry; Chemistry with specialization in Materials Chemistry; Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355543 (URN)10.1016/j.ensm.2018.02.006 (DOI)000436924800033 ()
Funder
Swedish Energy Agency, TriLiSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RMA-110012Carl Tryggers foundation StandUp
Available from: 2018-07-01 Created: 2018-07-01 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Xu, C., Ruan, C.-Q., Li, Y., Lindh, J. & Strömme, M. (2018). High-performance activated carbons synthesized from nanocellulose for CO2 capture and extremely selective removal of volatile organic compounds. Advanced Sustainable Systems, 2(2), Article ID 1700147.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>High-performance activated carbons synthesized from nanocellulose for CO2 capture and extremely selective removal of volatile organic compounds
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Advanced Sustainable Systems, E-ISSN 2366-7486, Vol. 2, no 2, article id 1700147Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A series of sustainable activated carbons (ACs) with large surface areas and tunable pore sizes is synthesized from Cladophora cellulose and its chemically modified derivatives in a one-step physical carbonization/activation process. The molecular structure of the cellulose precursors and the carbonization/activation atmosphere (N2 or CO2) significantly influence the pore structure of the ACs. When using oxidized cellulose and its further cross-linkages as the precursor, the ACs have a large volume of ultramicropores (pore diameter < 0.8 nm). Activation in CO2 results in ACs with surface areas up to 1241 m2 g−1. These ACs have a high CO2 uptake capacity (2.29 mmol g−1 at 0.15 bar, 5.52 mmol g−1 at 1 bar; 273 K) and a high CO2–over–N2 selectivity (42 at 273 K). In addition, the capacity of the ACs to adsorb vapors of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) is remarkable, with values up to 0.97 mmol g−1 at very low VOC concentrations (200 ppmv). The ACs have ultrahigh VOCs–over–N2 selectivity up to 9.35 × 103 at 293 K for 0.02 vol%/99.8 vol% of benzene/N2 mixture. It is anticipated that these ACs will be useful as sorbents for the postcombustion capture of CO2 and for indoor removal and direct air capture of various VOCs.

National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-333723 (URN)10.1002/adsu.201700147 (DOI)000424712800009 ()
Available from: 2017-11-16 Created: 2017-11-16 Last updated: 2019-12-11Bibliographically approved
Ruan, C., Strömme, M. & Lindh, J. (2018). Preparation of Porous 2,3-dialdehyde Cellulose Beads Crosslinked with Chitosan and their Application in Adsorption of Congo Red Dye. Carbohydrate Polymers, 181, 200-207
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Preparation of Porous 2,3-dialdehyde Cellulose Beads Crosslinked with Chitosan and their Application in Adsorption of Congo Red Dye
2018 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 181, p. 200-207Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Micrometer sized 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose (DAC) beads were produced via a recently developed method relying on periodate oxidation of Cladophora nanocellulose. The produced dialdehyde groups and pristine hydroxyl groups provided the DAC beads with a vast potential for further functionalization. The sensitivity of the DAC beads to alkaline conditions, however, limits their possible functionalization and applications. Hence, alkaline-stable and porous cellulose beads were prepared via a reductive amination crosslinking reaction between 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose beads and chitosan. The produced materials were thoroughly characterized with different methods. The reaction conditions, including the amount of chitosan used, conditions for reductive amination, reaction temperature and time, were investigated and the maintained morphology of the beads after exposure to 1 M NaOH (aq.) was verified with SEM. Different washing and drying procedures were used and the results were studied by SEM and BET analysis. Furthermore, FTIR, TGA, EDX, XPS, DLS and elemental analysis were performed to characterize the properties of the prepared beads. Finally, the alkaline-stable porous chitosan cross-linked 2,3-dialdehyde cellulose beads were applied as adsorbent for the dye Congo red. The crosslinked beads displayed fast and high adsorption capacity at pH 2 and good desorption properties at pH 12, providing a promising sorption material.

Keywords
Cladophora nanocellulose, 2, 3-Dialdehyde cellulose beads Chitosan, Crosslink, Congo red dye
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334956 (URN)10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.10.072 (DOI)000418661000025 ()29253964 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2017-11-29 Created: 2017-11-29 Last updated: 2018-01-25Bibliographically approved
Zhang, J., Xu, B., Yang, L., Ruan, C., Wang, L., Liu, P., . . . Johansson, E. (2018). The Importance of Pendant Groups on Triphenylamine-Based Hole Transport Materials for Obtaining Perovskite Solar Cells with over 20% Efficiency. Advanced Energy Materials, 18(2), Article ID 1701209.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Importance of Pendant Groups on Triphenylamine-Based Hole Transport Materials for Obtaining Perovskite Solar Cells with over 20% Efficiency
Show others...
2018 (English)In: Advanced Energy Materials, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 18, no 2, article id 1701209Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Tremendous progress has recently been achieved in the field of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) as evidenced by impressive power conversion efficiencies (PCEs); but the high PCEs of >20% in PSCs has so far been mostly achieved by using the hole transport material (HTM) spiro-OMeTAD; however, the relatively low conductivity and high cost of spiro-OMeTAD significantly limit its potential use in large-scale applications. In this work, two new organic molecules with spiro[fluorene-9,9-xanthene] (SFX)-based pendant groups, X26 and X36, have been developed as HTMs. Both X26 and X36 present facile syntheses with high yields. It is found that the introduced SFX pendant groups in triphenylamine-based molecules show significant influence on the conductivity, energy levels, and thin-film surface morphology. The use of X26 as HTM in PSCs yields a remarkable PCE of 20.2%. In addition, the X26-based devices show impressive stability maintaining a high PCE of 18.8% after 5 months of aging in controlled (20%) humidity in the dark. We believe that X26 with high device PCEs of >20% and simple synthesis show a great promise for future application in PSCs, and that it represents a useful design platform for designing new charge transport materials for optoelectronic applications.

Keywords
high efficiency, hole transport materials, perovskites, photovoltaic devices, solar cells
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336199 (URN)10.1002/aenm.201701209 (DOI)000419864800001 ()
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved
Zhang, J., Hultqvist, A., Zhang, T., Jiang, L., Ruan, C., Yang, L., . . . Johansson, E. (2017). Al2O3 Underlayer Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells.. ChemSusChem, 10(19), 3810-3817
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Al2O3 Underlayer Prepared by Atomic Layer Deposition for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells.
Show others...
2017 (English)In: ChemSusChem, ISSN 1864-5631, E-ISSN 1864-564X, Vol. 10, no 19, p. 3810-3817Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Perovskite solar cells, as an emergent technology for solar energy conversion, have attracted much attention in the solar cell community by demonstrating impressive enhancement in power conversion efficiencies. However, the high temperature and manually processed TiO2 underlayer prepared by spray pyrolysis significantly limit the large-scale application and device reproducibility of perovskite solar cells. In this study, lowtemperature atomic layer deposition (ALD) is used to prepare a compact Al2 O3 underlayer for perovskite solar cells. The thickness of the Al2 O3 layer can be controlled well by adjusting the deposition cycles during the ALD process. An optimal Al2 O3 layer effectively blocks electron recombination at the perovskite/fluorine-doped tin oxide interface and sufficiently transports electrons through tunneling. Perovskite solar cells fabricated with an Al2 O3 layer demonstrated a highest efficiency of 16.2 % for the sample with 50 ALD cycles (ca. 5 nm), which is a significant improvement over underlayer-free PSCs, which have a maximum efficiency of 11.0 %. Detailed characterization confirms that the thickness of the Al2 O3 underlayer significantly influences the charge transfer resistance and electron recombination processes in the devices. Furthermore, this work shows the feasibility of using a high band-gap semiconductor such as Al2 O3 as the underlayer in perovskite solar cells and opens up pathways to use ALD Al2 O3 underlayers for flexible solar cells.

Keywords
atomic layer deposition, electron transport, perovskites, semiconductors, solar cells
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-336200 (URN)10.1002/cssc.201701160 (DOI)000428425000017 ()28857493 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council FormasKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2017-12-12 Created: 2017-12-12 Last updated: 2018-07-18Bibliographically approved
Ruan, C., Gustafsson, S., Strømme, M., Mihranyan, A. & Lindh, J. (2017). Cellulose nanofibers prepared via pretreatment based on Oxone® oxidation. Molecules, 22(12), Article ID 2177.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cellulose nanofibers prepared via pretreatment based on Oxone® oxidation
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Molecules, ISSN 1420-3049, E-ISSN 1420-3049, Vol. 22, no 12, article id 2177Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [sv]

Softwood sulfite bleached cellulose pulp was oxidized with Oxone (R) and cellulose nanofibers (CNF) were produced after mechanical treatment with a high-shear homogenizer. UV-vis transmittance of dispersions of oxidized cellulose with different degrees of mechanical treatment was recorded. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrographs and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images of samples prepared from the translucent dispersions showed individualized cellulose nanofibers with a width of about 10 nm and lengths of a few hundred nm. All results demonstrated that more translucent CNF dispersions could be obtained after the pretreatment of cellulose pulp by Oxone (R) oxidation compared with the samples produced without pretreatment. The intrinsic viscosity of the cellulose decreased after oxidation and was further reduced after mechanical treatment. Almost translucent cellulose films were prepared from the dispersions of individualized cellulose nanofibers. The procedure described herein constitutes a green, novel, and efficient route to access CNF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, 2017
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328387 (URN)10.3390/molecules22122177 (DOI)000419242400142 ()
Available from: 2017-08-23 Created: 2017-08-23 Last updated: 2018-02-19Bibliographically approved
Ruan, C., Strömme, M., Mihranyan, A. & Lindh, J. (2017). Favored Surface-limited Oxidation of Cellulose with Oxone® in Water. RSC Advances, 7(64), 40600-40607
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Favored Surface-limited Oxidation of Cellulose with Oxone® in Water
2017 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 7, no 64, p. 40600-40607Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel method for favored primary alcohol oxidation of cellulose was developed. Cellulose pulp andCladophora nanocellulose were oxidized in a one-pot procedure by Oxone® (2KHSO5$KHSO4$K2SO4)and efficient reaction conditions were identified. The effects of the reaction on the morphology,viscosity and chemical structure of the products obtained were studied. The primary alcohol groupswere oxidized to carboxyl groups and the content of carboxyl groups was determined byconductometric titration. SEM, capillary-type viscometry and XRD were applied to characterize theproducts and to investigate the influence of oxidation. For the first time, low-cost and stable Oxone®was used as a single oxidant to oxidize cellulose into carboxyl cellulose. The oxidation is an inexpensiveand convenient process to produce carboxylic groups on the surface of the cellulose fibers and to makethe cellulose fibers charged. Particularly, this method can avoid the use of halogens and potentially toxicradicals and constitute a green route to access carboxylated cellulose. Further, sodium bromide could beused as a co-oxidant to the Oxone® and increase the carboxylic acid content by 10–20%. The Oxone®oxidation is a promising method for oxidation of cellulose and might facilitate the production of CNC.

Keywords
Cellulose, Oxone, Tempo-Mediated Oxidation, 2, 3-Dialdehyde Cellulose, Periodate-Oxidation, Chemistry, Efficient, Bromide, Delignification, Nanocellulose, Transparent, Nanofibers
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-328237 (URN)10.1039/c7ra06141b (DOI)000408043100065 ()
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2017-08-21 Created: 2017-08-21 Last updated: 2018-01-16Bibliographically approved
Zhang, J., Xu, B., Yang, L., Mingorance, A., Ruan, C., Hua, Y., . . . Johansson, E. (2017). Incorporation of Counter Ions in Organic Molecules: New Strategy in Developing Dopant-Free Hole Transport Materials for Efficient Mixed-Ion Perovskite Solar Cells. ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, 7(14), Article ID 1602736.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Incorporation of Counter Ions in Organic Molecules: New Strategy in Developing Dopant-Free Hole Transport Materials for Efficient Mixed-Ion Perovskite Solar Cells
Show others...
2017 (English)In: ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN 1614-6832, Vol. 7, no 14, article id 1602736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Hole transport matertial (HTM) as charge selective layer in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) plays an important role in achieving high power conversion efficiency (PCE). It is known that the dopants and additives are necessary in the HTM in order to improve the hole conductivity of the HTM as well as to obtain high efficiency in PSCs, but the additives can potentially induce device instability and poor device reproducibility. In this work a new strategy to design dopant-free HTMs has been presented by modifying the HTM to include charged moieties which are accompanied with counter ions. The device based on this ionic HTM X44 dos not need any additional doping and the device shows an impressive PCE of 16.2%. Detailed characterization suggests that the incorporated counter ions in X44 can significantly affect the hole conductivity and the homogeneity of the formed HTM thin film. The superior photovoltaic performance for X44 is attributed to both efficient hole transport and effective interfacial hole transfer in the solar cell device. This work provides important insights as regards the future design of new and efficient dopant free HTMs for photovotaics or other optoelectronic applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH, 2017
National Category
Physical Chemistry Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Nanotechnology and Functional Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332853 (URN)10.1002/aenm.201602736 (DOI)000405839400018 ()
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyÅForsk (Ångpanneföreningen's Foundation for Research and Development)Swedish Research CouncilSwedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2017-11-08 Created: 2017-11-08 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6068-8597

Search in DiVA

Show all publications