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Grieshop, Karl
Publications (10 of 10) Show all publications
Grieshop, K. & Arnqvist, G. (2018). Sex-specific dominance reversal of genetic variation for fitness. PLoS biology, 16(12), Article ID e2006810.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex-specific dominance reversal of genetic variation for fitness
2018 (English)In: PLoS biology, ISSN 1544-9173, E-ISSN 1545-7885, Vol. 16, no 12, article id e2006810Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The maintenance of genetic variance in fitness represents one of the most longstanding enigmas in evolutionary biology. Sexually antagonistic (SA) selection may contribute substantially to maintaining genetic variance in fitness by maintaining alternative alleles with opposite fitness effects in the two sexes. This is especially likely if such SA loci exhibit sex-specific dominance reversal (SSDR)-wherein the allele that benefits a given sex is also dominant in that sex-which would generate balancing selection and maintain stable SA polymorphisms for fitness. However, direct empirical tests of SSDR for fitness are currently lacking. Here, we performed a full diallel cross among isogenic strains derived from a natural population of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus that is known to exhibit SA genetic variance in fitness. We measured sex-specific competitive lifetime reproductive success (i.e., fitness) in >500 sex-by-genotype F-1 combinations and found that segregating genetic variation in fitness exhibited pronounced contributions from dominance variance and sex-specific dominance variance. A closer inspection of the nature of dominance variance revealed that the fixed allelic variation captured within each strain tended to be dominant in one sex but recessive in the other, revealing genome-wide SSDR for SA polymorphisms underlying fitness. Our findings suggest that SA balancing selection could play an underappreciated role in maintaining fitness variance in natural populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Public Library of Science, 2018
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373580 (URN)10.1371/journal.pbio.2006810 (DOI)000455108400013 ()30533008 (PubMedID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, GENCON AdG-294333Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-4523
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-02-01Bibliographically approved
Grieshop, K., Berger, D. & Arnqvist, G. (2017). Male-benefit sexually antagonistic genotypes show elevated vulnerability to inbreeding. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 17, Article ID 134.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Male-benefit sexually antagonistic genotypes show elevated vulnerability to inbreeding
2017 (English)In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, ISSN 1471-2148, E-ISSN 1471-2148, Vol. 17, article id 134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

There is theoretical and empirical evidence for strong sexual selection in males having positive effects on population viability by serving to purify the genome of its mutation load at a low demographic cost. However, there is also theoretical and empirical evidence for negative effects of sexual selection on female fitness, and therefore population viability, known as the gender load. This can take the form of sexually antagonistic (SA) genetic variation where alleles with a selective advantage in males pose a detriment to female fitness, and vice versa. Here, using seed beetles, we shed light on a previously unexplored manifestation of the gender load: the effect of SA genetic variation on tolerance to inbreeding.

Results

We found that genotypes encoding high male, but low female fitness exhibited significantly greater rates of extinction upon enforced inbreeding relative to genotypes encoding high female but low male fitness. Also, genotypes encoding low fitness in both sexes exhibited greater rates of extinction relative to generally high-fitness genotypes (though marginally non-significant), an expected finding attributable to variation in mutation load across genotypes. Despite follow-up investigations aiming to identify the mechanism(s) underlying these findings, it remains unclear whether the gender load and the mutation load have independent consequences for tolerance to inbreeding, or whether these two types of genetic architecture interact epistatically to render male-benefit genetic variation relatively intolerant to inbreeding.

Conclusions

Regardless of the underlying mechanism(s), our results show that male-benefit/female-detriment SA genetic variation poses a previously unseen detriment to population viability due to its elevated vulnerability to inbreeding/homozygosity. This suggests that sexual selection in the context of SA genetic variance for fitness may enhance the gender load on population viability more than previously appreciated, due to selecting for male-benefit SA genetic variation that engenders lineages to extinction upon inbreeding. We note that our results imply that SA alleles that are sexually selected for in males may be underrepresented or even lacking in panels of inbred lines.

Keywords
Antagonistic pleiotropy, Balancing selection, Fitness, Genetic variation, Inbreeding depression, Intralocus sexual conflict, Mutation load, Sexually antagonistic selection
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327273 (URN)10.1186/s12862-017-0981-4 (DOI)000403408600001 ()28606137 (PubMedID)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, GENCON AdG-294333Swedish Research Council, 621-2010-5266Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-4523
Available from: 2017-08-08 Created: 2017-08-08 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
Grieshop, K. (2017). Sexual conflict, sexual selection, and genetic variance in fitness. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexual conflict, sexual selection, and genetic variance in fitness
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Understanding sex-specific genetic variance for fitness is of fundamental importance to our understanding of evolution. This thesis presents the findings of empirical investigations into sex-specific genetic variance in fitness. The findings are discussed in terms of their implications for our understanding of the classic evolutionary paradoxes of what maintains genetic variance in fitness and what maintains sexual reproduction, as well as more specific implications regarding adaptation and population viability. Males and females reproduce and accrue fitness in fundamentally different ways, which inevitably comes at a detriment to the fitness of individuals of the opposite sex. This is known as sexual conflict, and because males and females use largely the same genome to develop, grow and reproduce, a genetic tug-of-war ensues. Alternative alleles at sexually antagonistic (SA) genes have opposing fitness effects in males and females. The consequence of this genetic tug-of-war is that alternative allelic variants at SA loci can be maintained in the population. Such SA genetic variation can therefore maintain genetic variance for fitness. Variance in fitness can also be maintained by a constant influx of mutations with weakly deleterious effects and weak selection against them, in what is referred to as mutation-selection balance. Because the average deleterious mutation will be detrimental to both sexes, this source of genetic variance in fitness will have predominantly sexually concordant (SC) effects. This thesis uses a wild-caught population of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus to investigate these two mechanisms of maintaining genetic variance in fitness, as well as the consequences they bear on adaptation, population viability, and the maintenance of sexual reproduction. Results largely support much of the theoretical expectations for sexual conflict, sexual selection and maintenance of genetic variance in fitness, as well as stimulate new thoughts and hypotheses about the nature of SA genetic variation and its interaction with weakly deleterious partially recessive mutations.

Abstract [sv]

Vår kunskap om könsspecifik selektion och genetisk variation för fitness är central för förståelsen av evolutionära processer. I den här avhandligen presenteras resultaten av empiriska undersökningar av just könsspecifik genetisk variation för fitness. Resultaten diskuteras med fokus på deras betydelse för de klassiska evolutionära paradoxerna angående vad som bibehåller genetisk variation i fitness och varför organismer som förökar sig sexuellt är så vanliga, men även mer specifika konsekvenser för en populations anpassningsförmåga och livskraftighet avhandlas. Evolutionen har ofta gynnat olika reproduktiva strategier hos hannar och honor, och dessa strategier kan medföra kostnader för det motsatta könet. Den könskonflikt som uppstår på grund av detta kan också inbegripa en genetisk dragkamp eftersom könen delar genetisk arvsmassa men gynnas av olika anpassningar. Konsekvensen är att alternativa varianter av gener gynnas hos honor och hanar, vilket resulterar i en form av balanserande selektion som kan bibehålla genetisk variation i en population. Genetisk variation i fitness kan även upprätthållas genom en jämvikt mellan ett konstant inflöde av genetisk variation via mutationer med svagt negativ effekt och svag selektion mot dessa mutationer.  Eftersom en negativ mutation normalt kommer vara skadlig för båda könen kommer den här typen av källa till genetisk variation i fitness ha liknande effekt hos könen.  I arbetet med denna avhandlig har jag använt en vilt infångad population av fröbaggaen Callosobruchus maculatus för att undersöka dessa två underliggande mekanismer bakom upprätthållandet av genetisk variation för fitness, samt vilka potentiella konsekvenser de kan ha för en populations anpassningsförmåga och för bibehållandet av sexuell reproduktion. Resultaten i denna avhandling stödjer i stort många av de antaganden som ligger till grund för teorin om könskonflikter, sexuell selektion och vad som upprätthåller genetisk variation för fitness. Resultaten ger också upphov till nya idéer och hypoteser angående  genetisk variation med könsspecifika effekter och dess interaktion med partiellt recessiva negativa mutationer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2017. p. 38
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1538
National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327304 (URN)978-91-513-0022-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-09-22, Zootissalen, Norbyv. 18, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, European Research Council, GENCON AdG-294333Swedish Research Council, 621-2010-5266Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-4523Swedish Research Council, 2015-05223
Note

The alternative abstract I uploaded should be used as the Swedish summary.

Available from: 2017-08-25 Created: 2017-08-08 Last updated: 2017-09-08
Berger, D., Stångberg, J., Grieshop, K., Martinossi-Allibert, I. & Arnqvist, G. (2017). Temperature effects on life-history trade-offs, germline maintenance and mutation rate under simulated climate warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, 284(1866), Article ID 20171721.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Temperature effects on life-history trade-offs, germline maintenance and mutation rate under simulated climate warming
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 284, no 1866, article id 20171721Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mutation has a fundamental influence over evolutionary processes, but how evolutionary processes shape mutation rate remains less clear. In asexual unicellular organism, increased mutation rates have been observed in stressful environments and the reigning paradigm ascribes this increase to selection for evolvability. However, this explanation does not apply in sexually reproducing species, where little is known about how the environment affects mutation rate. Here we challenged experimental lines of seed beetle, evolved at ancestral temperature or under simulated climate warming, to repair induced mutations at ancestral and stressful temperature. Results show that temperature stress causes individuals to pass on a greater mutation load to their grand-offspring. This suggests that stress-induced mutation rates, in unicellular and multicellular organisms alike, can result from compromised germline DNA repair in low condition individuals. Moreover, lines adapted to simulated climate warming had evolved increased longevity at the cost of reproduction, and this allocation decision improved germline repair. These results suggest that mutation rates can be modulated by resource allocation trade-offs encompassing life-history traits and the germline and have important implications for rates of adaptation and extinction as well as our understanding of genetic diversity in multicellular organisms.

Keywords
life history, trade-off, temperature adaptation, mutation rate, phenotypic plasticity, climate change
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341989 (URN)10.1098/rspb.2017.1721 (DOI)000414773600014 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2015-05223; 621-2014-4523EU, European Research Council, GENCON AdG-294333
Available from: 2018-02-16 Created: 2018-02-16 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Berger, D., Stångberg, J., Grieshop, K., Martinossi-Allibert, I. & Arnqvist, G. (2017). Temperature effects on life-history trade-offs, germline maintenance and mutation rate under simulated climate warming. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, 284(1866)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Temperature effects on life-history trade-offs, germline maintenance and mutation rate under simulated climate warming
Show others...
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8452, E-ISSN 1471-2954, Vol. 284, no 1866Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Mutation has a fundamental influence over evolutionary processes, but how evolutionary processes shape mutation rate remains less clear. In asexual unicellular organism, increased mutation rates have been observed in stressful environments and the reigning paradigm ascribes this increase to selection for evolvability. However, this explanation does not apply in sexually reproducing species, where little is known about how the environment affects mutation rate. Here we challenged experimental lines of seed beetle, evolved at ancestral temperature or under simulated climate warming, to repair induced mutations at ancestral and stressful temperature. Results show that temperature stress causes individuals to pass on a greater mutation load to their grand-offspring. This suggests that stress-induced mutation rates, in unicellular and multicellular organisms alike, can result from compromised germline DNA repair in low condition individuals. Moreover, lines adapted to simulated climate warming had evolved increased longevity at the cost of reproduction, and this allocation decision improved germline repair. These results suggest that mutation rates can be modulated by resource allocation trade-offs encompassing life-history traits and the germline and have important implications for rates of adaptation and extinction as well as our understanding of genetic diversity in multicellular organisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Royal Society, 2017
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-373575 (URN)10.1098/rspb.2017.1721 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-07-19Bibliographically approved
Berger, D., You, T., Minano, M. R., Grieshop, K., Lind, M. I., Arnqvist, G. & Maklakov, A. A. (2016). Sexually antagonistic selection on genetic variation underlying both male and female same-sex sexual behavior. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 16, Article ID 88.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sexually antagonistic selection on genetic variation underlying both male and female same-sex sexual behavior
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2016 (English)In: BMC Evolutionary Biology, ISSN 1471-2148, E-ISSN 1471-2148, Vol. 16, article id 88Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Intralocus sexual conflict, arising from selection for different alleles at the same locus in males and females, imposes a constraint on sex-specific adaptation. Intralocus sexual conflict can be alleviated by the evolution of sex-limited genetic architectures and phenotypic expression, but pleiotropic constraints may hinder this process. Here, we explored putative intralocus sexual conflict and genetic (co)variance in a poorly understood behavior with near male-limited expression. Same-sex sexual behaviors (SSBs) generally do not conform to classic evolutionary models of adaptation but are common in male animals and have been hypothesized to result from perception errors and selection for high male mating rates. However, perspectives incorporating sex-specific selection on genes shared by males and females to explain the expression and evolution of SSBs have largely been neglected.

Results: We performed two parallel sex-limited artificial selection experiments on SSB in male and female seed beetles, followed by sex-specific assays of locomotor activity and male sex recognition (two traits hypothesized to be functionally related to SSB) and adult reproductive success (allowing us to assess fitness consequences of genetic variance in SSB and its correlated components). Our experiments reveal both shared and sex-limited genetic variance for SSB. Strikingly, genetically correlated responses in locomotor activity and male sex-recognition were associated with sexually antagonistic fitness effects, but these effects differed qualitatively between male and female selection lines, implicating intralocus sexual conflict at both male-and female-specific genetic components underlying SSB.

Conclusions: Our study provides experimental support for the hypothesis that widespread pleiotropy generates pervasive intralocus sexual conflict governing the expression of SSBs, suggesting that SSB in one sex can occur due to the expression of genes that carry benefits in the other sex.

Keywords
Intralocus sexual conflict, Sexual antagonism, Same-sex sexual behavior, Pleiotropy, Mating strategy, Sexual selection, B-matrix, Genetic constraints, Artificial selection, Behavioral syndrome
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298093 (URN)10.1186/s12862-016-0658-4 (DOI)000375988100001 ()27175796 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilEU, European Research Council
Available from: 2016-06-29 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Grieshop, K. & Polak, M. (2014). Evaluating the post-copulatory sexual selection hypothesis for genital evolution reveals evidence for pleiotropic harm exerted by the male genital spines of Drosophila ananassae. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 27(12), 2676-2686
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluating the post-copulatory sexual selection hypothesis for genital evolution reveals evidence for pleiotropic harm exerted by the male genital spines of Drosophila ananassae
2014 (English)In: Journal of Evolutionary Biology, ISSN 1010-061X, E-ISSN 1420-9101, Vol. 27, no 12, p. 2676-2686Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The contemporary explanation for the rapid evolutionary diversification ofanimal genitalia is that such traits evolve by post-copulatory sexual selection. Here, we test the hypothesis that the male genital spines of Drosophila ananassae play an adaptive role in post-copulatory sexual selection. Whereas previous work on two Drosophila species shows that these spines function in precopulatory sexual selection to initiate genital coupling and promote male competitive copulation success, further research is needed to evaluate the potential for Drosophila genital spines to have a post-copulatory function. Using a precision micron-scale laser surgery technique, we test the effect of spine length reduction on copulation duration, male competitive fertilization success, female fecundity and female remating behaviour. We find no evidence that male genital spines in this species have a post-copulatory adaptivefunction. Instead, females mated to males with surgically reduced/blunted genital spines exhibited comparatively greater short-term fecundity relative to those mated by control males, indicating that the natural (i.e.unaltered) form of the trait may be harmful to females. In the absence of an effect of genital spine reduction on measured components of post-copulatory fitness, the harm seems to be a pleiotropic side effect rather than adaptive. Results are discussed in the context of sexual conflict mediating the evolution of male genital spines in this species and likely other Drosophila.

Keywords
animal genitalia; Drosophila ananassae; laser ablation; pleiotropic harm; post-copulatory sexual selection; precopulatory adaptive function; sexual conflict
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236829 (URN)10.1111/jeb.12524 (DOI)000346280100010 ()
Available from: 2014-11-24 Created: 2014-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Berger, D., Grieshop, K., Lind, M. I., Goenaga, J., Maklakov, A. A. & Arnqvist, G. (2014). Intralocus Sexual Conflict and Environmental Stress. Evolution, 68(8), 2184-2196
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Intralocus Sexual Conflict and Environmental Stress
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2014 (English)In: Evolution, ISSN 0014-3820, E-ISSN 1558-5646, Vol. 68, no 8, p. 2184-2196Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intralocus sexual conflict (IaSC) occurs when selection at a given locus favors different alleles in males and females, placing a fundamental constraint on adaptation. However, the relative impact of IaSC on adaptation may become reduced in stressful environments that expose conditionally deleterious mutations to selection. The genetic correlation for fitness between males and females (r(MF)) provides a quantification of IaSC across the genome. We compared IaSC at a benign (29 degrees C) and a stressful (36 degrees C) temperature by estimating r(MF)s in two natural populations of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus using isofemale lines. In one population, we found substantial IaSC under benign conditions signified by a negative r(MF) (-0.51) and, as predicted, a significant reduction of IaSC under stress signified by a reversed and positive r(MF) (0.21). The other population displayed low IaSC at both temperatures (r(MF): 0.38; 0.40). In both populations, isofemale lines harboring alleles beneficial to males but detrimental to females at benign conditions tended to show overall low fitness under stress. These results offer support for low IaSC under stress and suggest that environmentally sensitive and conditionally deleterious alleles that are sexually selected in males mediate changes in IaSC. We discuss implications for adaptive evolution in sexually reproducing populations.

Keywords
Adaptation, condition dependence, genetic quality, sexual selection, sexually antagonistic, temperature
National Category
Ecology Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-232012 (URN)10.1111/evo.12439 (DOI)000340470600003 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2010-5266EU, European Research Council, AdG-294333
Available from: 2014-09-15 Created: 2014-09-12 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Grieshop, K. & Polak, M. (2012). The Precopulatory Function of Male Genital Spines in Drosophila Ananassae [Doleschall] (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Revealed by Laser Surgery. Evolution, 66(8), 2637-2645
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Precopulatory Function of Male Genital Spines in Drosophila Ananassae [Doleschall] (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Revealed by Laser Surgery
2012 (English)In: Evolution, ISSN 0014-3820, E-ISSN 1558-5646, Vol. 66, no 8, p. 2637-2645Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

That male genital morphology evolves via postcopulatory sexual selection is a widely held view. In contrast, the precopulatory sexual selection hypothesis for genital evolution has received less attention. Here, we test the hypothesis that male genital spines of Drosophila ananassae promote competitive male copulation success. Using laser surgery to manipulate trait size, we demonstrate that incremental reductions of spine length progressively reduce male copulation success: males without spines failed entirely to copulate because of an inability to couple the genitalia together, whereas males with halfway ablated and blunted spines suffered reductions in copulation success of 87% and 13%, respectively. The decrease in copulation success resulting from spine length reduction was markedly stronger in sexually competitive environments than in noncompetitive environments, and females expressed resistance behaviors similarly toward competing male treatments, demonstrating directly the role of genital spines in promoting competitive copulation success. Because these spines are widespread within Drosophila, and because genital traits with precopulatory function are being discovered in a growing number of animal taxa, precopulatory sexual selection may have a more pervasive role in genital evolution than previously recognized.

Keywords
Adaptive function, animal genitalia, copulation success, functional morphology, laser ablation, sexual selection
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236831 (URN)10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01638.x (DOI)
Available from: 2014-11-24 Created: 2014-11-24 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Grieshop, K. & Arnqvist, G.Sex-specific genetic variance for fitness characterized by sex-specific dominance and epistasis.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sex-specific genetic variance for fitness characterized by sex-specific dominance and epistasis
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The ubiquity of sexually antagonistic (SA) genetic variation for fitness suggests that antagonistic pleiotropy is one of the most likely and widespread mechanisms of balancing selection acting to maintain genetic variance for fitness. However, stable polymorphism via antagonistic pleiotropy requires dominance reversal for fitness—sex-specific dominance in the context of SA pleiotropy. Despite this possibly crucial role for sex-specific dominance reversal in maintaining genetic variance for fitness, it has rarely been addressed empirically. In addition to dominance reversal, SA epistasis, sex-biased gene expression (SBGE), and parental effects may also aid the maintenance genetic polymorphisms for fitness under SA selection. Here, we performed a full diallel cross among 16 inbred strains of a population of the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus. We measured sex-specific competitive lifetime reproductive success (i.e. fitness) in the F1, for a total of 3278 individual fitness assays over 512 possible genetic combinations. Using Bayesian and restricted maximum likelihood (REML) diallel analyses in parallel, we partitioned phenotypic variance for fitness (after accounting for the effect of inbreeding) into additive genetic variance, parental effects, dominance, epistasis, asymmetric epistasis, and sex-specific versions thereof. Sex-specific variance in fitness exhibited pronounced contributions from dominance, sex-specific dominance, epistasis, and sex-specific epistasis, supporting a role for sex-specific dominance reversal and SA epistasis in contributing to the maintenance of SA genetic variance for fitness. To our knowledge, this is the first detailed diallel partitioning of the sex-specific genetic architecture for fitness, shedding new light on an old question.

National Category
Natural Sciences
Research subject
Biology with specialization in Animal Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-327275 (URN)
Funder
EU, European Research Council, GENCON AdG-294333Swedish Research Council, 621-2010-5266Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-4523
Available from: 2017-08-08 Created: 2017-08-08 Last updated: 2017-08-11Bibliographically approved
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