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Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Husz, O. & Glover, N. (2019). Between human capital and human worth: Popular valuations of knowledge in 20th-century Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of History, 44(4), 484-509
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between human capital and human worth: Popular valuations of knowledge in 20th-century Sweden
2019 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 44, no 4, p. 484-509Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study concerns the history of Swedish public everyday discourse about knowledge and its benefits for the individual, c. 1920–1974. We examine the value(s) ascribed to knowledge – in economic and/or idealistic terms – using private correspondence institutes as our point of departure. These were immensely popular, yet have hitherto been overlooked by historians. First, we argue that commercially driven correspondence education, which was a mass phenomenon in early and mid-20th-century Sweden, blurred the demarcation lines between general and vocational education, and more importantly between formal and so-called popular education (folkbildning). Second, we examine how knowledge and education were promoted and justified in the widely circulated advertisements for Hermods Korrespondensinstitut, the largest of the Swedish correspondence schools. By analysing and contextualizing advertisements over six decades, we find a strong dominance of individualistic economic valuations from the beginning, a successive increase in idealistic valuations over the decades, and an increasing amalgamation of idealistic and economic justifications for knowledge. We argue that the extensive scale of Hermods’ and similar institutes’ educational activities offers an important key for understanding the social context in which the overall marketization and capitalization of knowledge in the latest decades was able to take root.

Keywords
knowledge, valuations, correspondence education, popular education, economic and ideal values
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346256 (URN)10.1080/03468755.2019.1578687 (DOI)000477978600004 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2013-00822The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2013-0144:1
Available from: 2018-03-15 Created: 2018-03-15 Last updated: 2019-09-30Bibliographically approved
Glover, N. (2019). Between Order and Justice: Investments in Africa and Corporate International Resposibility in Swedish Media in the 1960s. Enterprise & society, 20(2), 401-444
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Order and Justice: Investments in Africa and Corporate International Resposibility in Swedish Media in the 1960s
2019 (English)In: Enterprise & society, ISSN 1467-2227, E-ISSN 1467-2235, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 401-444Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes how the public relations of multinational companies was affected by the double impact of decolonization and spread of television during the 1960s. It contributes to recent theoretical conceptualizations of corporate social responsibility by adding the dimension of home country stakeholders and the border-crossing character of corporate responsibility. The analysis deals with the changing media representations in Sweden of Swedish-owned firms in Liberia and South Africa before, during, and after what has been called the “postcolonial moment” (1960–1963). In its wake, Swedish industrialists faced a new policy problem: firms in overseas markets were no longer expected to do only what was legal in the host country but also what was considered right in their home country. The analysis follows the debates concerning this issue of corporate international responsibility throughout the 1960s, and how national business organizations and executives in firms such as the Liberian-American-Swedish Mining Company publicly sought to defend the role of Swedish foreign direct investment in Africa. The business community developed various public relations strategies to engage with its critics, professionalized their media relations, and organized international study tours for unions and politicians.

Keywords
foreign direct investment, media, CSR, Decolonization
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357799 (URN)10.1017/eso.2018.87 (DOI)000465281900005 ()
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-05-20Bibliographically approved
Glover, N. (2019). Staten, Organisationssverige och vidsynthetens förgätmigej: Det strategiska främjandet av svensk internationalism, 1945–1963. In: Fredrik Norén; Emil Stjernholm (Ed.), Efterkrigstidens samhällskontakter: . Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Staten, Organisationssverige och vidsynthetens förgätmigej: Det strategiska främjandet av svensk internationalism, 1945–1963
2019 (Swedish)In: Efterkrigstidens samhällskontakter / [ed] Fredrik Norén; Emil Stjernholm, Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv , 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Mediehistoriskt arkiv, 2019
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-383803 (URN)9789198504569 (ISBN)9789198504576 (ISBN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2013-0144:1
Available from: 2019-05-22 Created: 2019-05-22 Last updated: 2020-04-02Bibliographically approved
Glover, N. (2019). The 'aidification' of national experiences: Swedish-supported correspondence education in Tanzania, ca 1960-1975. Nordic Journal of Educational History, 6(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The 'aidification' of national experiences: Swedish-supported correspondence education in Tanzania, ca 1960-1975
2019 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Educational History, ISSN 2001-7766, E-ISSN 2001-9076, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Keywords
History of development, Adult education, Correspondence education, Co-operative Union, Swedish-Tanzanian relations
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376879 (URN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation, P2013-0144:1
Available from: 2019-02-11 Created: 2019-02-11 Last updated: 2019-02-11
Glover, N. (2018). Framtidsmarknader: Svensk ekonomisk diplomati i Afrika och Asien under avkoloniseringens era. Historisk Tidskrift (S), 138(4), 649-677
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Framtidsmarknader: Svensk ekonomisk diplomati i Afrika och Asien under avkoloniseringens era
2018 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 138, no 4, p. 649-677Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Markets of the future: Swedish economic diplomacy in Africa and Asia during the era of decolonization

This paper analyses Swedish commercial responses to the political developments in Africa and Asia during the 1950s. The primary sources consist of correspondence and reports in the archives of the General Export Association, and articles in the periodical Svensk Export. The theoretical framework departs from the claim that economic diplomacy is a market practice that has contributed to the construction of foreign markets. The collective efforts of the Association to promote Swedish trade with African and Asian regions, and the ways in which those efforts were represented to its members, created a shared geographical imagination in Swedish business circles.

Demanding but potentially lucrative, framtidsmarknader (”markets of the future”) formed a central tenet of this shared imagination. According to the Association, the promise of future profits in the postcolonial world required that Swedes become more pro-active and ”modern” when marketing their products overseas. The analysis focuses on India and the Belgian Congo. Both were the subject of a series of Swedish economic-diplomatic efforts, and they represent different articulations of this market type. The paper makes several contributions. It argues that the construction of framtidsmarknader resembled that of so called ”emerging markets” in the 1990s. It contextualizes the commercial logic behind Sweden’s early ventures into development aid. Furthermore, it highlights the relationship between the commercial category framtidsmarknader and the social-scientific category ”developing countries” which emerged around the same time. Finally, it traces the formation of a professional cadre of commercial experts on developing countries: the Trade Commissioners.

Keywords
Sweden, 20th century, colonialism, decolonization, export promotion, foreign aid, geographical imagination
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357797 (URN)000454663800003 ()
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Note

Title in WoS: Markets of the future: Swedish economic diplomacy in Africa and Asia during the era of decolonization

Available from: 2018-08-21 Created: 2018-08-21 Last updated: 2019-02-14
Glover, N. (2016). Neutrality Unbound: Sweden, foreign aid, and the rise of the non-aligned Third World. In: Sandra Bott, Jussi M. Hanhimäki, Janick Marina Schaufelbuehl, Marco Wyss (Ed.), Neutrality and Neutralism in the Global Cold War: Between or within the blocs?. Abingdon; New York: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neutrality Unbound: Sweden, foreign aid, and the rise of the non-aligned Third World
2016 (English)In: Neutrality and Neutralism in the Global Cold War: Between or within the blocs? / [ed] Sandra Bott, Jussi M. Hanhimäki, Janick Marina Schaufelbuehl, Marco Wyss, Abingdon; New York: Routledge, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon; New York: Routledge, 2016
Series
Cold War History
National Category
History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-279723 (URN)978-1-138-88621-6 (ISBN)
Funder
The Jan Wallander and Tom Hedelius Foundation
Available from: 2016-03-03 Created: 2016-03-03 Last updated: 2016-03-03
Glover, N. (2015). A Total Image Deconstructed: The Corporate Analogy and the Legitimacy of Promoting Sweden Abroad in the 1960s. In: Nikolas Glover, Louis Clerc, Paul Jordan (Ed.), Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries: Representing the Periphery (pp. 123-144). Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Total Image Deconstructed: The Corporate Analogy and the Legitimacy of Promoting Sweden Abroad in the 1960s
2015 (English)In: Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries: Representing the Periphery / [ed] Nikolas Glover, Louis Clerc, Paul Jordan, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015, p. 123-144Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015
Series
Diplomatic Studies ; 12
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264972 (URN)9789004305489 (ISBN)9789004305496 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2015-10-20
Glover, N., Clerc, L. & Jordan, P. (Eds.). (2015). Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries: : Representing the Periphery. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Histories of Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding in the Nordic and Baltic Countries: : Representing the Periphery
2015 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 2015. p. 338
Series
Diplomatic Studies ; 12
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264971 (URN)9789004305489 (ISBN)9789004305496 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2015-10-20
Glover, N. (2015). Kritiker, krämare och kramare: Kommentarer till texter om den svenska synden. In: Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, Pia Laskar (Ed.), Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter: (pp. 395-403). Stockholm: Leopard förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kritiker, krämare och kramare: Kommentarer till texter om den svenska synden
2015 (Swedish)In: Sexualpolitiska nyckeltexter / [ed] Klara Arnberg, Fia Sundevall, Pia Laskar, Stockholm: Leopard förlag , 2015, p. 395-403Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Leopard förlag, 2015
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-264973 (URN)9789173435673 (ISBN)
Available from: 2015-10-20 Created: 2015-10-20 Last updated: 2015-10-20
Glover, N. (2013). From kinship to global brand. By Anna Kharkina. Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift (2), 366-370
Open this publication in new window or tab >>From kinship to global brand. By Anna Kharkina
2013 (English)In: Nordisk kulturpolitisk tidskrift, ISSN 1403-3216, E-ISSN 2000-8325, no 2, p. 366-370Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
National Category
History and Archaeology
Research subject
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-266192 (URN)
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-05 Last updated: 2017-12-01
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6648-4154

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