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Århem, Nikolas
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Århem, N. (2020). Supernatural Gamekeepers among the Katu of Vietnam. In: Chacon, Richard (Ed.), Supernatural Gamekeepers and Animal Masters: A Cross-Cultural Perspective (forthcoming 2020): . New York: Springer-Verlag New York
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supernatural Gamekeepers among the Katu of Vietnam
2020 (English)In: Supernatural Gamekeepers and Animal Masters: A Cross-Cultural Perspective (forthcoming 2020) / [ed] Chacon, Richard, New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2020Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Springer-Verlag New York, 2020
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393708 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25
Århem, N. (2016). Wrestling with sprits, escaping the state: Animist ecology and settlement policy in the Annamite Mountain. In: Arhem, Kaj, Sprenger, Guido (Ed.), Animism in Southeast Asia: . London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wrestling with sprits, escaping the state: Animist ecology and settlement policy in the Annamite Mountain
2016 (English)In: Animism in Southeast Asia / [ed] Arhem, Kaj, Sprenger, Guido, London: Routledge, 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2016
National Category
Social Anthropology Ethnology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393506 (URN)9780415713795 (ISBN)9781317336617 (ISBN)9781315660288 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-09-23 Created: 2019-09-23 Last updated: 2019-11-22Bibliographically approved
Århem, N. (2015). Forests, Spirits and High Modernist Development: A Study of Cosmology and Change among the Katuic Peoples in the Uplands of Laos and Vietnam. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forests, Spirits and High Modernist Development: A Study of Cosmology and Change among the Katuic Peoples in the Uplands of Laos and Vietnam
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis explores how Katuic-speaking indigenous groups in the Central Annamitic Cordillera of Vietnam and Laos understand their environment – hills, streams and forest. Katuic eco-cosmology assumes that the natural landscape is imbued with spirit agents, with whom people must continuously communicate lest misfortune will strike and their livelihoods fail. The thesis posits the hypothesis that these spirit beliefs, and a variety of taboo notions accompanying them, can be interpreted as expressions of a complex socio-environmental adaptation. Today, the indigenous groups in the study region are confronted with a massive development- and modernisation push on two fronts – that of the global development industry on the one hand, and the implementation of national development policies and programs as part of the high-modernist state project in communist Vietnam and Laos, on the other.

A second objective of the thesis, then, is to examine the effects of this multi-layered and multi-scaled confrontation on indigenous cosmology, livelihood and landscape. It is argued, this confrontation at the development frontier can be conceived of as an interface between different ontologies or reality posits – one animist, articulated in a relational stance towards the landscape; the other, a naturalist or rationalist ontology, expressed as an objectivist stance towards nature and embodied in the high-modernist development schemes and programs unfolding in the region with the aim of re-engineering its indigenous societies and exploiting its natural resources.     

Large parts of the Central Annamites were severely impacted by the Vietnam War; uncounted numbers of minority people were killed, or had their villages destroyed or relocated while defoliants, bombs, and forest fires ravaged the landscape. In the decades that followed the war, the entire social and natural landscape has been reshaped by national development policies and the modernist visions that underpin them. The thesis attempts to understand this physical and cultural transformation of the landscape, focusing particularly on the gradual breakdown of the complex indigenous socio-religious institutions that appear to have played an important functional role in maintaining the pre-war structure of the landscape.

The thesis is based primarily on fieldwork carried out between 2004 and 2009 in the provinces of Quảng Nam and Thừa Thiên–Huế in Vietnam and Sekong in Laos. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2015. p. 463
Series
Uppsala Studies in Cultural Anthropology, ISSN 0348-5099 ; 55
Keywords
Katu, Katuic, Nge, Ngeq, Kriang, Vietnam, Laos, Sekong, shifting cultivation, animism
National Category
Social Anthropology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236880 (URN)978-91-554-9113-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-01-27, Geijersalen, Engelska parken, Thunbergsvägen 3H, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
Available from: 2015-01-13 Created: 2014-11-25 Last updated: 2015-02-03
Århem, N. (2009). In the Sacred Forest: landscape, livelihood and spirit beliefs among the Katu of Vietnam. Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>In the Sacred Forest: landscape, livelihood and spirit beliefs among the Katu of Vietnam
2009 (English)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet, 2009. p. 206
Series
SANS : Socialantropologiska skrifter, ISSN 1104-4217 ; 10
Keywords
livelihood, katu, vietnam, landscape, forest, spirits, religion
National Category
Social Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-139443 (URN)
Projects
Katuic Ethnography Project
Available from: 2010-12-27 Created: 2010-12-27 Last updated: 2019-11-06Bibliographically approved
Århem, N. (2008). Wild and dangerous animals in Katu cosmology. Vietnamese Studies, June
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wild and dangerous animals in Katu cosmology
2008 (English)In: Vietnamese Studies, Vol. JuneArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hanoi: , 2008
National Category
Other Humanities not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393707 (URN)
Available from: 2019-09-25 Created: 2019-09-25 Last updated: 2019-09-25
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