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R. Leite, Emilene
Alternative names
Publications (10 of 16) Show all publications
Hadjikhani, A., R. Leite, E. & Pahlberg, C. (2019). Business and Socio‑Political Interaction in International Service Projects: The Case of Brazi. MIR: Management International Review, 59(1), 171-200
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Business and Socio‑Political Interaction in International Service Projects: The Case of Brazi
2019 (English)In: MIR: Management International Review, ISSN 0938-8249, E-ISSN 1861-8901, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 171-200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Building on a business network perspective, the aim of this paper is to present a theoretical view for studying service MNEs in ICT (information communication technology) projects centred on the improvement of public services. The four inter-related concepts of cooperation, legitimacy, commitment and knowledge are applied in the analysis of two projects. Defining the projects as object-based services, the study manifests how service MNEs manage three types of actors (business, politi-cal and social) having their legitimacy in different systems. The cases illustrate cross-border activities where MNEs from Sweden, Spain and China join forces in Brazil with local business, social and political actors and cooperate to strengthen their competitive market position. The study concludes that successful cooperation is partially explained by the management’s ability to incorporate business resources into the needs of the socio-political actors. Furthermore, in object-based services, which are not similar to long-term business relationships, the three involved par-ties advance different types of relationships within a loose network structure. A key implication is that extensive public–private relationships are needed even when MNEs enjoy an established position in a foreign market.

Keywords
Business network · Socio-political behaviour · Cooperation · Legitimacy · Knowledge · Commitment · Competitive strategy
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-370153 (URN)10.1007/s11575-018-0368-9 (DOI)000459406000006 ()
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-03-21Bibliographically approved
R. Leite, E. (2019). Cross-Sector Partnership in Smart City Development:: The Case of Brazil (1ed.). In: Efosa C. Idemudia (Arkansas Tech University, USA) (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Social and Organizational Dynamics in the Digital Era: (pp. 235-249). IGI Global
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cross-Sector Partnership in Smart City Development:: The Case of Brazil
2019 (English)In: Handbook of Research on Social and Organizational Dynamics in the Digital Era / [ed] Efosa C. Idemudia (Arkansas Tech University, USA), IGI Global, 2019, 1, p. 235-249Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Urbanization is a persistent phenomenon. As cities have expanded, so has the demand for government ability to provide better infrastructure and public services. The “smart city” concept may form a response to these urban challenges. From a business point of view, incorporating digital technologies to address some of the city’s sustainability challenges is a means to create business opportunities for firms. However, a smart city project is complex, and it requires firms interaction with government and civil society. Hence, the aim of this chapter is to understand how firms manage their relationships with sociopolitical actors in projects for smart city development and how socio-political actors can be a source of competitive advantage. These questions will be answered by applying business network perspective within cross-sector partnership in the context of firms operating in Brazil. The study contributes to a foundation for a better discussion among policy makers and practitioners about promoting inter-organizational cooperation in projects with a social purpose.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IGI Global, 2019 Edition: 1
Keywords
smart city, intra-organizational cooperation, MNEs, Government and NGOs
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390275 (URN)10.4018/978-1-5225-8933-4 (DOI)9781522589334 (ISBN)9781522589341 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-08-08 Created: 2019-08-08 Last updated: 2020-03-20Bibliographically approved
Lagerström, K., Leite, E., Pahlberg, C. & Schweizer, R. (2019). The Competition: Cooperation Interplay within MNEs for Knowledge Development and Innovation. In: : . Paper presented at EIBA Conference, Leeds, 2019, Competitive Session.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Competition: Cooperation Interplay within MNEs for Knowledge Development and Innovation
2019 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402370 (URN)
Conference
EIBA Conference, Leeds, 2019, Competitive Session
Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-22
R. Leite, E. & Bengtson, A. (2018). A business network view on value creation and capture in public-private cooperation. Industrial Marketing Management, 73, 181-192
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A business network view on value creation and capture in public-private cooperation
2018 (English)In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 73, p. 181-192Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362781 (URN)10.1016/j.indmarman.2018.02.010 (DOI)000444360900015 ()
Available from: 2018-10-10 Created: 2018-10-10 Last updated: 2018-11-15Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. (2018). Complexity in the 'Extended' Business Network: A Study of Business, Social, and Political Relationships in Smart City Solutions. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Department of Business Studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Complexity in the 'Extended' Business Network: A Study of Business, Social, and Political Relationships in Smart City Solutions
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis an 'extended' business network is investigated. The ‘extended’ view refers to the inclusion of socio-political actors in the firm’s business network. Building on a business network perspective, the thesis’ purpose is to understand how interactions between business, social, and political actors influence the development of smart city solutions. Based on the findings from the four articles included in the thesis, a complexity lens for further understanding of interaction with socio-political actors is presented. It argues that reaching success in the relationship entails finding a balance between economic and social needs.

Through the analysis of two smart city projects developed in Brazil, this study investigates the influence of socio-political actors on firms’ cooperative and competitive behavior as well as their decisions relating to resource allocation. The findings illustrate that decisions to cooperate or compete are associated with centrality. The firm’s willingness to be a central actor, i.e., a project leader, places traditional buyer-supplier partners in competition. In addition to this, resource allocation is closely linked to customization. In cities demanding a high level of customization of the smart city solution, companies will be encouraged to allocate resources to exploitation, while in cities requiring a low level of customization, exploration will be chosen instead. But knowledge about how to allocate resources is closely linked to the centrality issue, since a central actor may enjoy better access to a large pool of resources and information. Consequently, the final outcome in relational terms can lead to win-lose rather than a win-win situation if rivalry for centrality between business partners intensifies over time.

The study of such complex interaction contributes to the industrial marketing and business network literature by providing a practical perspective and showing how socio-political actors can be a source of competitive advantages for companies. In addition, this thesis suggests that managers need to cope with the complexity inherent in such type of relationships, primarily due the fact that interaction with socio-political actors has important competitive implications for firms. Ultimately, the thesis offers a framework for investigating complexity in actors’ interactions and resource heterogeneity that complements our understanding of intraorganizational relationships, opening opportunities for a new perspective and better comprehension of the influence of socio-political actors in firms’ business networks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Business Studies, 2018. p. 89
Series
Doctoral thesis / Företagsekonomiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1103-8454 ; 191
Keywords
complexity, extended business network, centrality, smart city solutions, cooperation-competition, exploration-exploitation.
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347691 (URN)978-91-506-2694-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-05-25, Hörsal 2, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10 C, Uppsala, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-04-06 Last updated: 2018-05-14
Leite, E., Pahlberg, C. & Åberg, S. (2018). The cooperation-competition interplay in the ICT industry. The journal of business & industrial marketing, 33(4), 495-505
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The cooperation-competition interplay in the ICT industry
2018 (English)In: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 495-505Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Building on a business network perspective, the paper addresses the following question: Why do firms move between cooperation and competition in the context of high-tech industry? Hence, the purpose of this study is to contribute to the understanding of the complex cooperation–competition interplay between actors in a business network.

Design/methodology/approach: A single case study within the information and communication technology industry is undertaken and illustrates the cooperation–competition interplay in projects of technology.

Findings: The authors discuss the implications of interdependence on relationship dynamics. The main argument is that business relationships survive despite periods of competition if interdependence is high. Thus, firms move between a state of cooperation and a state of competition within business relationships, rather than ending the relationships when starting to compete.

Practical implications: This study suggests that managers need to pay attention to how different degrees of interdependence lead firms to be embedded in cooperative or competitive forms of relationships.

Originality/value: The paper contributes to the ongoing debate about cooperation, competition and coopetition within international business and industrial marketing literature. An interesting aspect in the paper is the cooperation–competition interplay, which is associated with positioning. A centrally positioned actor will choose who to bring into the partnership, with positioning concomitantly changing from project to project. The willingness of being a central actor, i.e. a project leader, places traditional buyer–supplier partners in competition. Thus, cooperation and/or competition becomes contextual.

Keywords
Cooperation, Competition, Business relationship, Business network, ICT industry, Interplay
National Category
Business Administration
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338349 (URN)10.1108/JBIM-02-2017-0038 (DOI)000431295000008 ()
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-07-04Bibliographically approved
R. Leite, E., Pahlberg, C. & Hadjikhani, A. (2017). A Network View on Business-Political Interaction for Sustainable Development: The Cases of ICT Projects in Brazil. In: Proceedings of the 59th annual meeting of the Academy of International Business: The Contribution of MNEs to Building Sustainable Societies. Paper presented at AIB (Academy of International Business) 2017 Annual Meeting, July 2-5 2017, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Network View on Business-Political Interaction for Sustainable Development: The Cases of ICT Projects in Brazil
2017 (English)In: Proceedings of the 59th annual meeting of the Academy of International Business: The Contribution of MNEs to Building Sustainable Societies, 2017Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Series
Academy of International Business. Annual Meeting. Proceedings, ISSN 2078-0435
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338341 (URN)
Conference
AIB (Academy of International Business) 2017 Annual Meeting, July 2-5 2017, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Leite, E., Pahlberg, C. & Hadjikhani, A. (2017). Public-Private Cooperation for Social Innovation: The Case of MNEs Involvement  in the Development of the Smart City Concept in Brazil. In: : . Paper presented at EIBA Milan 2017, 43rd European International Business Academy Conference,December 14-16, 2017, Milan, Italy.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public-Private Cooperation for Social Innovation: The Case of MNEs Involvement  in the Development of the Smart City Concept in Brazil
2017 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338345 (URN)
Conference
EIBA Milan 2017, 43rd European International Business Academy Conference,December 14-16, 2017, Milan, Italy
Available from: 2018-01-08 Created: 2018-01-08 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved
Leite, E. (2015). Competition in Business Network: A Perspective from Brazil. In: : . Paper presented at AIB/Sheth Foundation Doctoral Student Consortium, Research Proposal, Bangalore, India.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competition in Business Network: A Perspective from Brazil
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Refereed)
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262092 (URN)
External cooperation:
Conference
AIB/Sheth Foundation Doctoral Student Consortium, Research Proposal, Bangalore, India
Available from: 2015-09-08 Created: 2015-09-08 Last updated: 2016-09-14
Leite, E. (2015). Cooperation and Competition in Business Network: An Emerging Market Perspective. In: : . Paper presented at Doctoral Consortium, The 41th Eiba Conference.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cooperation and Competition in Business Network: An Emerging Market Perspective
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Business Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275200 (URN)
Conference
Doctoral Consortium, The 41th Eiba Conference
Available from: 2016-02-01 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2016-02-01
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