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Publications (10 of 84) Show all publications
Larsson, E. (2018). Introduktionen av flickors värntjänstutbildning under andra världskriget: En studie av förändrade uppfattningar om kvinnors verksamhetssfär i det totala krigets tidsålder. In: Daniel Nyström & Johanna Overud (Ed.), Gender, History, Futures: Report from the XI Nordic Women’s and Gender History Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, August 19–21 2015 (pp. 199-207). Umeå: Sveriges kvinno- och genushistoriker
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Introduktionen av flickors värntjänstutbildning under andra världskriget: En studie av förändrade uppfattningar om kvinnors verksamhetssfär i det totala krigets tidsålder
2018 (Swedish)In: Gender, History, Futures: Report from the XI Nordic Women’s and Gender History Conference, Stockholm, Sweden, August 19–21 2015 / [ed] Daniel Nyström & Johanna Overud, Umeå: Sveriges kvinno- och genushistoriker , 2018, p. 199-207Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sveriges kvinno- och genushistoriker, 2018
Series
Sveriges kvinno- och genushistorikers skriftserie / Report Series of the Swedish Association for Women's and Gender Historians ; 2
Keyword
genushistoria, andra världskriget, värntjänstutbildning, gymnastikundervisning, scoutrörelsen
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352858 (URN)978-91-7601-848-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-08 Last updated: 2018-06-12Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2018). On the Changing Perceptions of Women’s Role in the Nation’s Defence during the Age of Total War: The Introduction of Defence Service Training for Girls in Sweden during World War II. In: : . Paper presented at Twelfth European Social Science History conference in Belfast, 4-7 April 2018 at Queen's University.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Changing Perceptions of Women’s Role in the Nation’s Defence during the Age of Total War: The Introduction of Defence Service Training for Girls in Sweden during World War II
2018 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates the introduction of defence service training for girls in Sweden during World War II. Drawing on earlier research into both women’s military work and defence service training for school children during World War II, which has shown that women participated in the defence of Sweden as air surveillance personnel and girls in Swedish secondary schools were trained in scouting for targets, writing reports and to serve as dispatch messengers, the paper investigates the origin of the latter exercises in training for girls.

As shown in this paper exercises in moving in the terrain and making observations without getting detected were introduced in the Swedish secondary schools’ physical education for both girls and boys already in 1935, when it was still unthinkable that Swedish women would be used as air surveillance personnel in the event of war. During World War II these exercises were singled out as a suitable preparation for the actual defence service exercises in schools.

An in-depth analysis of the development of the defence service training program in the Swedish secondary schools also shows that the scout movement's activities were an important source of inspiration, even though the Swedish scout organizations were against the introduction of defence service training in schools. Similar, and sometimes more advanced exercises, as the ones that were introduced as a part of the secondary schools’ physical education in 1935 were also included in the Swedish girl scouts training program as early as in the 1920s.

In light of these findings, this paper tries to problematize how the change in the perception of women’s role in military work came about as a result of the outbreak of the Second World War.

Keyword
Gender, Female military work, Defence Service Training, Girl Scouts, Physical education
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347671 (URN)
Conference
Twelfth European Social Science History conference in Belfast, 4-7 April 2018 at Queen's University
Available from: 2018-04-05 Created: 2018-04-05 Last updated: 2018-04-06Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2017). Att disciplinera adeln: En studie av maktutövning vid Kungl. Krigsakademien på Karlbergs slott. In: Marie Lennersand & Leos Müller (Ed.), Från Afrikakompaniet till Tokyo: En vänbok till György Nováky (pp. 176-200). Stockholm: Bokförlaget Exkurs
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att disciplinera adeln: En studie av maktutövning vid Kungl. Krigsakademien på Karlbergs slott
2017 (Swedish)In: Från Afrikakompaniet till Tokyo: En vänbok till György Nováky / [ed] Marie Lennersand & Leos Müller, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Exkurs , 2017, p. 176-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Bokförlaget Exkurs, 2017
Keyword
militärhistoria, utbildningshistoria, Foucault, disciplinering
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-337067 (URN)978-91-7773-394-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-12-20 Created: 2017-12-20 Last updated: 2018-03-16Bibliographically approved
Berg, A., Larsson, E. & Westberg, J. (2017). Att studera omvälvande förändringar: Revolutioner, paradigmskiften och epistemiska brott i studiet av utbildning. In: Berg, Anne et al. (Ed.), Utbildningens revolutioner: Till studiet av utbildningshistorisk förändring (pp. 13-18). Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att studera omvälvande förändringar: Revolutioner, paradigmskiften och epistemiska brott i studiet av utbildning
2017 (Swedish)In: Utbildningens revolutioner: Till studiet av utbildningshistorisk förändring / [ed] Berg, Anne et al., Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED) , 2017, p. 13-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED), 2017
Series
Utbildningshistoriska meddelanden, ISSN 2000-4168 ; 5
Keyword
utbildningshistoria, historiografi, revolutioner
National Category
History Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319954 (URN)9789186701031 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2017). Enhetsskoletanken som försvann: En studie av radikala och reformistiska tankar kring skolväsendets utveckling under 1800-talet. In: Berg, Anne et al. (Ed.), Utbildningens revolutioner: Till studiet av utbildningshistorisk förändring (pp. 19-44). Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enhetsskoletanken som försvann: En studie av radikala och reformistiska tankar kring skolväsendets utveckling under 1800-talet
2017 (Swedish)In: Utbildningens revolutioner: Till studiet av utbildningshistorisk förändring / [ed] Berg, Anne et al., Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED) , 2017, p. 19-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala Studies of History and Education (SHED), 2017
Series
Utbildningshistoriska meddelanden, ISSN 2000-4168 ; 5
Keyword
utbildningshistoria, historiografi, idéhistoria, 1800-talets utbildningsrevolution
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319959 (URN)9789186701031 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-04-11 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2017-04-12Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2016). Att fostras för landets försvar: Värntjänstutbildning för pojkar och flickor under andra världskriget. Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, 1(2015), 89-134
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Att fostras för landets försvar: Värntjänstutbildning för pojkar och flickor under andra världskriget
2016 (Swedish)In: Militärhistorisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0283-8400, Vol. 1, no 2015, p. 89-134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Försvarshögskolan (FHS), 2016
Keyword
militärhistoria, barn och ungdomsvetenskap, genushistoria, andra världskriget, vapenövningar, försvarsutbildning
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294958 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-31 Created: 2016-05-31 Last updated: 2017-11-30
Larsson, E. (2016). ‘Cheap, efficient, and easy to implement’?: Economic aspects of monitorial education in Swedish elementary schools during the 1820s. History of Education, 45(1), 18-37
Open this publication in new window or tab >>‘Cheap, efficient, and easy to implement’?: Economic aspects of monitorial education in Swedish elementary schools during the 1820s
2016 (English)In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 18-37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the economic aspects of monitorial education in Sweden during the 1820s. In contrast to previous research, which has often emphasised monitorial education as a cheap method of education, this article shows that this was rarely the case. Monitorial education could in fact lead to increased costs, especially during the initial stage of implementation. By analysing the minutes and accounts of some 30 Swedish schools which introduced monitorial education during the 1820s, it is shown that the new method did not result in any real savings in terms of expenditure on teachers, school premises or school supplies. The method's only real potential for savings was lowering the total cost per pupil by increasing the number of children per teacher. However, this was possible only in cities, where the population concentration was high. Overall, monitorial education was not cheap, efficient and easy to implement from an economic perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The History of Education Society, 2016
Keyword
monitorial education, elementary school, costs, history
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-268941 (URN)10.1080/0046760X.2015.1066882 (DOI)000365590400002 ()
Projects
Mellan disciplinering och självverksamhet: skillnader i växelundervisningens användning vid skolor för olika samhällsklasser i Sverige, ca 1820-1870
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P09-0474:1-E
Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-12-11 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2016). Children and Youth in Arms: Military Training at Swedish Schools during World Wars I and II. In: : . Paper presented at European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, Spain, 30 March - 2 April 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children and Youth in Arms: Military Training at Swedish Schools during World Wars I and II
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper investigates military training for children and youth as a part of school education during World Wars I and II. Like many other Western European countries, Sweden had a tradition of weapon drills in schools from the late 1800s and forward. In Sweden these exercises were stopped in 1917, but in 1940 the question of defence service training for children and youth surfaced again due to the escalating world war.The study compares the military exercises in schools during WW I with the ones introduced during WW II using government regulations and manuals as well as reports and other material from individual schools. Contrary to what one might assume, in light of the changing perception of children during the first half of the 1900s, there were no dramatic changes in how the military training for children and adolescents were conducted during the two world wars. The study instead reveals changes in the general purpose of the military training, from character formation to more of a transfer of useful knowledge.

Keyword
History of Education, History of Childhood and Youth, Military History
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300146 (URN)
Conference
European Social Science History Conference, Valencia, Spain, 30 March - 2 April 2016
Available from: 2016-08-03 Created: 2016-08-03 Last updated: 2016-08-03
Larsson, E. (2016). Classes in themselves and for themselves: The practice of monitorial education for different social classes in Sweden, 1820-1843. History of Education, 45(5), 511-529
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classes in themselves and for themselves: The practice of monitorial education for different social classes in Sweden, 1820-1843
2016 (English)In: History of Education, ISSN 0046-760X, E-ISSN 1464-5130, Vol. 45, no 5, p. 511-529Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article investigates the monitorial system of education in Sweden between 1820 and 1843. In contrast to previous research, which has emphasised monitorial education as a method for disciplining poor children, this article compares the use of the method in schools for the working classes and in academic schools. Using concepts such as segmentation and discipline, the article analyses sources from 30 schools for the working classes and 40 academic schools to show how monitorial education was used in different schools. The mechanical exercises used in schools for the working classes were not implemented in the academic schools, where the role of monitors was more that of a teacher than a monitor. As this article demonstrates, these distinctions correspond to the different purposes of the schools. The schools for the working classes were directed towards instilling obedience, while the academic schools sought to awaken self-activity.

Keyword
Monitorial education, elementary school, grammar school, class, discipline
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282833 (URN)10.1080/0046760X.2016.1161081 (DOI)000382552500001 ()
Projects
Segregation och integration. Genus, klass och medborgarskap i svenskt undervisningsväsende, ca 1800-1850
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 721−2013−1228
Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-07 Last updated: 2018-01-03Bibliographically approved
Larsson, E. (2016). Education for National Defense: Swedish Defense Education for Secondary School Youth during WWII. In: : . Paper presented at International Standing Conference for the History of Education 38, Chicago IL, 17-20 August 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education for National Defense: Swedish Defense Education for Secondary School Youth during WWII
2016 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The links between physical education and military activities has a long tradition in Sweden, which dates back to the founder of Swedish gymnastics Per Henrik Ling (1776-1839) and his role as a teacher of physical education at the Royal Swedish War Academy. In 1863 weapons exercises was also introduced as part of gymnastics in Swedish schools and they went on until 1917, when military exercises was removed from Swedish secondary education. They then stayed discontinued until the outbreak of WWII, when the idea of a restoration of military exercises and other forms of defense education in Swedish schools were revived.

This paper examines the defense service training that was introduced for both boys and girls during WWII. In 1940 the question of defense service training for children and youth surfaced again due to the escalating world war. After the issue had been investigated, an act was passed by the Swedish Parliament in the summer of 1941 and compulsory defense service training in Swedish secondary schools could commence that same autumn. The training proceeded in varying degrees at different schools until the spring of 1945 when the Parliament decided to end it. As it turned out there was no consensus in society regarding how far reaching the defense training for children and youth should be. The committee investigation preceding the decision to introduce defense service training proposed a very extensive training program. When the Parliament approved the introduction of defense training in Swedish schools, the scope of activities was decreased significantly, however. Studies of individual schools’ activities show that defense service training in some places had begun even before the fall of 1941, and some schools organized exercises that were more extensive than what the act later would require. In other schools they chose instead to downplay the purely military exercises.

Keyword
History of Education, History of Childhood and Youth, Military History, Gender History
National Category
History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-301175 (URN)
Conference
International Standing Conference for the History of Education 38, Chicago IL, 17-20 August 2016
Available from: 2016-08-18 Created: 2016-08-18 Last updated: 2016-08-18
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-6803-4010

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