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Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Ancillotti, M., Eriksson, S., Veldwijk, J., Nihlén Fahlquist, J., Andersson, D. I. & Godskesen, T. (2018). Public awareness and individual responsibility needed for judicious use of antibiotics: a qualitative study of public beliefs and perceptions. BMC Public Health, 18(1), Article ID 1153.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public awareness and individual responsibility needed for judicious use of antibiotics: a qualitative study of public beliefs and perceptions
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2018 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 1153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

High consumption of antibiotics has been identified as an important driver for the increasing antibiotic resistance, considered to be one of the greatest threats to public health globally. Simply informing the public about this consequence is insufficient to induce behavioral change. This study explored beliefs and perceptions among Swedes, with the aim of identifying factors promoting and hindering a judicious approach to antibiotics use. The study focused primarily on the medical use of antibiotics, also considering other aspects connected with antibiotic resistance, such as travelling and food consumption.

Methods

Data were collected through focus group discussions at the end of 2016. Twenty-three Swedes were recruited using an area-based approach and purposive sampling, aiming for as heterogeneous groups as possible regarding gender (13 women, 10 men), age (range 20–81, mean 38), and education level. Interview transcripts were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The Health Belief Model was used as a theoretical framework.

Results

Antibiotic resistance was identified by participants as a health threat with the potential for terrible consequences. The severity of the problem was perceived more strongly than the actual likelihood of being affected by it. Metaphors such as climate change were abundantly employed to describe antibiotic resistance as a slowly emerging problem. There was a tension between individual (egoistic) and collective (altruistic) reasons for engaging in judicious behavior. The individual effort needed and antibiotics overprescribing were considered major barriers to such behavior. In their discussions, participants stressed the need for empowerment, achieved through good health communication from authorities and family physicians.

Conclusions

Knowledge about antibiotic consumption and resistance, as well as values such as altruism and trust in the health care system, has significant influence on both perceptions of individual responsibility and on behavior. This suggests that these factors should be emphasized in health education and health promotion. To instead frame antibiotic resistance as a slowly emerging disaster, risks diminish the public perception of being susceptible to it.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2018
Keywords
Antibiotic resistance, health belief model, health behavior, qualitative research, Sweden
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362360 (URN)10.1186/s12889-018-6047-8 (DOI)000446405800003 ()30285689 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-10-03 Created: 2018-10-03 Last updated: 2018-12-04Bibliographically approved
Ancillotti, M., Holmberg, N., Lindfelt, M. & Eriksson, S. (2017). Uncritical and unbalanced coverage of synthetic biology in the Nordic press. Public Understanding of Science, 26(2), 235-250
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Uncritical and unbalanced coverage of synthetic biology in the Nordic press
2017 (English)In: Public Understanding of Science, ISSN 0963-6625, E-ISSN 1361-6609, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 235-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Synthetic biology will probably have a high impact on a variety of fields, such as healthcare, environment, biofuels, agriculture, and so on. A driving theme in European research policy is the importance of maintaining public legitimacy and support. Media can influence public attitudes and are therefore an important object of study. Through qualitative content analysis, this study investigates the press coverage of synthetic biology in the major Nordic countries between 2009 and 2014. The press coverage was found to be event-driven and there were striking similarities between countries when it comes to framing, language use, and treated themes. Reporters showed a marked dependence on their sources, mainly scientists and stakeholders, who thus drives the media agenda. The media portrayal was very positive, with an optimistic look at future benefits and very little discussion of possible risks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2017
Keywords
media representations, public participation, science attitudes and perceptions, science communication, synthetic biology
National Category
Media Studies
Research subject
Media and Communication Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-265105 (URN)10.1177/0963662515609834 (DOI)000399565500009 ()26481730 (PubMedID)
Projects
Synthetic Biology: media portrayal and public understanding
Note

The first two authors are the first co-authors and have contributed equally.

Available from: 2015-10-22 Created: 2015-10-22 Last updated: 2017-05-30Bibliographically approved
Ancillotti, M., Rerimassie, V., Seitz, S. B. & Steurer, W. (2016). An Update of Public Perceptions of Synthetic Biology: Still Undecided?. NanoEthics, 10(3), 309-325
Open this publication in new window or tab >>An Update of Public Perceptions of Synthetic Biology: Still Undecided?
2016 (English)In: NanoEthics, ISSN 1871-4757, E-ISSN 1871-4765, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 309-325Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The discourse on the fundamental issues raised by synthetic biology, such as biosafety and biosecurity, intellectual property, environmental consequences and ethical and societal implications, is still open and controversial. This, coupled with the potential and risks the field holds, makes it one of the hottest topics in technology assessment today. How a new (bio)technology is perceived by the public influences the manner in which its products and applications will be received. Therefore, it is important to learn how people perceive synthetic biology. This work gathers, integrates and discusses the results of three studies of public perceptions of synthetic biology: (1) an analysis of existing research on how media portray synthetic biology across 13 European countries and in the USA, (2) the Meeting of Young Minds, a public debate between prospective politicians and synthetic biologists in the Netherlands and (3) the experiences of citizen panels and focus groups in Austria, the UK and the USA. The results show that the media are generally positive in their reports on synthetic biology, rather unbalanced in their view of potential benefits (emphasized) and risks (downplayed), and also heavily influenced by the sources of the stories, namely scientists and stakeholders. Among the prospective Dutch politicians, there were positive expectations as well as very negative ones. Some of these positions are also shared by participants in public dialogue experiments, such as not only the demand for information, transparency and regulation but also a sense of resignation and ineluctability of scientific and technological progress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2016
Keywords
Synthetic biology, Public perception, Technology assessment, Media, Public engagement
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-293032 (URN)10.1007/s11569-016-0256-3 (DOI)000390127200010 ()
Projects
Synthetic Biology: media portrayal and public understanding
Available from: 2016-05-11 Created: 2016-05-11 Last updated: 2018-01-10Bibliographically approved
Bell, J., Ancillotti, M., Coathup, V., Coy, S., Rigter, T., Tatum, T., . . . Kaye, J. (2016). Challenges and opportunities for ELSI early career researchers. BMC Medical Ethics, 17, Article ID 37.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Challenges and opportunities for ELSI early career researchers
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2016 (English)In: BMC Medical Ethics, ISSN 1472-6939, E-ISSN 1472-6939, Vol. 17, article id 37Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Over the past 25 years, there has been growing recognition of the importance of studying the Ethical, Legal and Social Implications (ELSI) of genetic and genomic research. A large investment into ELSI research from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Human Genomic Project budget in 1990 stimulated the growth of this emerging field; ELSI research has continued to develop and is starting to emerge as a field in its own right. The evolving subject matter of ELSI research continues to raise new research questions as well as prompt re-evaluation of earlier work and a growing number of scholars working in this area now identify themselves as ELSI scholars rather than with a particular discipline.

MAIN TEXT: Due to the international and interdisciplinary nature of ELSI research, scholars can often find themselves isolated from disciplinary or regionally situated support structures. We conducted a workshop with Early Career Researchers (ECRs) in Oxford, UK, and this paper discusses some of the particular challenges that were highlighted. While ELSI ECRs may face many of the universal challenges faced by ECRs, we argue that a number of challenges are either unique or exacerbated in the case of ELSI ECRs and discuss some of the reasons as to why this may be the case. We identify some of the most pressing issues for ELSI ECRs as: interdisciplinary angst and expertise, isolation from traditional support structures, limited resources and funding opportunities, and uncertainty regarding how research contributions will be measured. We discuss the potential opportunity to use web 2.0 technologies to transform academic support structures and address some of the challenges faced by ELSI ECRs, by helping to facilitate mentoring and support, access to resources and new accreditation metrics.

CONCLUSION: As our field develops it is crucial for the ELSI community to continue looking forward to identify how emerging digital solutions can be used to facilitate the international and interdisciplinary research we perform, and to offer support for those embarking on, progressing through, and transitioning into an ELSI research career.

National Category
Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-298990 (URN)10.1186/s12910-016-0121-5 (DOI)000379300100001 ()27390930 (PubMedID)
Funder
Wellcome trust, 096599/2/11/2
Available from: 2016-07-12 Created: 2016-07-12 Last updated: 2017-11-28Bibliographically approved
Ancillotti, M. & Eriksson, S. (2016). Synthetic Biology in the Press: Media Portrayal in Sweden and Italy. In: K Hagen, M Engelhard & G Toepfer (Ed.), Ambivalences of Creating Life. : Societal and Philosophical Dimensions of Synthetic Biology (pp. 141-156). Dordrecht: Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthetic Biology in the Press: Media Portrayal in Sweden and Italy
2016 (English)In: Ambivalences of Creating Life. : Societal and Philosophical Dimensions of Synthetic Biology / [ed] K Hagen, M Engelhard & G Toepfer, Dordrecht: Springer, 2016, p. 141-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Synthetic biology is a rapidly evolving field which potentially can change how we live in and understand the world. Given its potential impact it is important to inform and involve the public so that it gains a proper understanding of synthetic biology and is in a position to assess its future applications and implications. This study investigates through qualitative content analysis the synthetic biology press coverage in Sweden and Italy between 2009 and 2013. The three major newspapers of each country were considered a good example of what was offered to the public in a period which witnessed important scientific advancements of the field and consequent media resonance. The framing of the articles was analyzed in the light of the idea that mass media not only inform the public but also contribute to the shaping of ideas. Language was analysed and found to be generally adequate. The topics were presented in an overall positive and optimistic tone, which was reflected also in the benefits and risks envisioned. The two countries can be considered rather different in many social and cultural respects, yet besides a few differences (mainly quantitative), striking similarities were found, probably related to a marked dependence on the common sources of the articles and the lack of critical scrutiny on the behalf of the media.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer, 2016
Keywords
Synthetic biology, media, public involvement, public perception of science
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-262649 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-21088-9_7 (DOI)000385258700008 ()9783319210889 (ISBN)9783319210872 (ISBN)
Projects
Synthetic Biology: media portrayal and public understanding
Available from: 2015-09-17 Created: 2015-09-17 Last updated: 2017-03-30
Ancillotti, M. (2013). John Harris. Persona, potenzialità e pre-persona. Sintesi Dialettica, 6(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>John Harris. Persona, potenzialità e pre-persona
2013 (Italian)In: Sintesi Dialettica, ISSN 2037-2957, Vol. 6, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [it]

Secondo la nozione sviluppata da John Harris è da considerare persona l’individuo che dimostri la capacità di concepire se stesso in differenti tempi e luoghi e che sia capace di desiderare di fare esperienza di una vita a cui assegna un valore. Tale concezione viene analizzata ricostruendone la genesi, chiarendo quali criteri sottendono le scelte effettuate. L’elaborazione teorica di Harris viene posta a confronto con altre due formulazioni contemporanee, sviluppate rispettivamente da Peter Singer e Vittorio Possenti. Nell’ultima parte sono stati approfonditi criticamente due concetti che emergono dalla descrizione di Harris della persona e che sono ad essa collegati, ossia i concetti di potenzialità e pre-persona.

Keywords
Persona, potenzialità, pre-persona
National Category
Ethics
Research subject
Bioethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254896 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2016-03-11
Ancillotti, M. (2013). The Value of the Pre-Person: Potentiality, Person-Maker Criteria, and Social Dimension. Journal of Philosophy of Life, 3(3), 190-201
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Value of the Pre-Person: Potentiality, Person-Maker Criteria, and Social Dimension
2013 (English)In: Journal of Philosophy of Life, ISSN 2185-4505, E-ISSN 2185-4505, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 190-201Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a sense in distinguishing persons from other beings. Persons are forms of life towards whom an agent should feel morally responsible to the highest degree. The aim of this paper is to try and respond to the question: what line of conduct should we adopt with regard to those beings that are not persons but that we have well-founded reasons for thinking may be so in the future? The pre-persons are not, neither should they be considered as they were, persons. If we decide to guarantee their existence or well-being this decision must be based on considerations that are independent of their ontological constitution, of their actual biological status, and of the concept of potentiality. This decision can be taken only accounting for social aspects involved in the consideration of what a person is.

Keywords
Person, Potentiality, Pre-Person, Person-Maker Criteria
National Category
Ethics
Research subject
Bioethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-254901 (URN)
Available from: 2015-06-11 Created: 2015-06-11 Last updated: 2017-12-04
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-5748-0672

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