uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
Link to record
Permanent link

Direct link
BETA
Dahlquist, Joel
Alternative names
Publications (8 of 8) Show all publications
Dahlquist Cullborg, J. (2019). The Use of “non-ICSID” Arbitration Rules in Investment Treaty Disputes: Domestic Courts, Commercial Arbitration Institutions and Arbitral Tribunal Jurisdiction. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Department of Law, Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Use of “non-ICSID” Arbitration Rules in Investment Treaty Disputes: Domestic Courts, Commercial Arbitration Institutions and Arbitral Tribunal Jurisdiction
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This book studies how domestic courts and commercial arbitration institutions impact the scope of arbitral tribunal jurisdiction in investment treaty disputes. Arbitration clauses in investment treaties often provide investors with a choice between ICSID arbitration and rules originally drafted for commercial arbitration. Whereas the ICSID system is intended as a “self-contained” convention-based regime, arbitration outside of ICSID is more diverse, in that national courts and commercial arbitral institutions sometimes play a role in the decision-making. This text studies the practice of these actors.

The book is structured in the following way. First, the historic background to the use of “non-ICSID” rules is introduced. This introductory chapter shows that while investment treaties concluded in the 1960s and 1970s referred almost exclusively to ICSID arbitration, references to other rules increased in the 1980s. Two possible explanations are given for this general move away from ICSID as the sole available forum for treaty-based investment arbitration: the demonstration effect of the Iran-United State Claims Tribunal’s use of the UNCITRAL Rules, and the discontent following the first few ICSID annulment decision in the mid-1980s.

Then, based on a review of arbitral awards challenged on jurisdictional grounds, it is demonstrated how domestic courts have exhibited different approaches to matters such as standard of review and treaty interpretation.

A further chapter reviews the experience of the two most used commercial arbitration institutions – the ICC and the SCC – which occasionally have made decisions that influence the scope of individual arbitral tribunals’ jurisdiction. This practice is central in many investment disputes, but has never been the subject of systematic study. During the administration of arbitrations, the institutions have, for example, designated the place of arbitration and scrutinized draft jurisdictional awards. Furthermore, the way that the commercial arbitration rules are drafted influence tribunal jurisdiction. In this respect, the clearest example is the introduction of emergency arbitration in treaty-based cases.

The book concludes by putting the studied experience in a larger perspective against the back-drop of mounting concerns against inconsistent decision-making in investment arbitration. It is suggested that when contemplating the drafting of future investment treaties, drafters ought to be cognizant of the jurisdictional implications of arbitrating treaty-based cases under non-ICSID rules. 

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling behandlar hur nationella domstolar och kommersiella skiljedomsinstitut påverkat skiljenämnders jurisdiktion i investeringstvister. Investeringsskyddstraktater erbjuder ofta investerare att inititera skiljeförfarande mot stater enligt flera olika typer av skiljedomsregler. Bland dessa regler återfinns typiskt sett ICSID-konventionen och ett eller flera kommersiella skiljedomsregelverk. ICISD-systemet är avsett att vara ett ”isolerat” folkrättsligt system, separat från nationella domstolar. De kommersiella skiljedomsreglerna, å andra sidan, leder ofta till att såväl nationella domstolar som kommersiella skiljedomsinstitut är inblandade i tvisterna.

I avhandlingen analyseras hur nationella domstolar har hanterat frågan om traktatsbaserade skiljenämnders jurisdiktion, när denna fråga legat till grund för klandermål. Vidare analyseras hur de två mest använda kommersiella skiljedomsinstituten – ICC i Paris och SCC i Stockholm – har författat, tolkat och tillämpat sina respektive skiljedomsregler i investeringstvister.

Avhandlingen är strukturerad på följande vis. Först introduceras den historiska bakgrunden till användandet av kommersiella skiljedomsregler i tvister baserade på investeringsskyddsstraktater. Detta inledande kapitel förklarar hur tidiga traktater under 1960- och 1970-talen nästan uteslutande hänvisade till skiljeförfarande enligt ICSID-reglerna, men att andra regler började dyka upp i staters traktater under 1980-talet. Två potentiella förklaringar ges till denna utveckling bort från ICSID som exklusivt forum: dels Iran-United States Claims Tribunals användande av UNCITRAL-reglerna, dels det missnöje som följde de första ”annulment”-beslut under ICSID-konventionen.

Därefter följer det kapitel som behandlar skiljedomsklander på jurisdiktionsgrunder i nationella domstolar. I detta avsnitt av avhandlingen förklaras hur olika nationella domstolar har angripit grundläggande frågor på olika sätt. Bland de exmpel som diskuteras är den standard som domstolar tillämpat när de granskat skiljenämnders jurisdiktionsbeslut, samt hur domstolar har tolkat omfattningen av skiljenämnders traktatsbaserade jurisdiktion.

Nästa kapitel behandlar traktatsbaserade skiljeförfaranden enligt ICC-reglerna och SCC-reglerna. Enligt båda dessa regler fattar respektive institution vissa beslut under administrationen av tvister. Instituten sätter också ramarna för skiljeförfarande under sina egna regler. Varken institutens beslut under pågående förfarande, eller deras regelskapande funktion, har tidigare varit föremål för någon större systematisk diskussion i internationall rätt. Kapitlet diskuterar bland annat institutens erfarenhet av att bestämma rättsligt sätte för tvister, och ICC:s granskning av skiljedomar. Även introduktionen av så kallat interrimistiskt skiljeförfarande diskuteras ur ett investeringsrättsligt perspektiv.

Avhandlingen avslutas med ett kapitel där resultaten i de tidigare avsnitten diskuteras mot bakgrund av de olika reformdiskussioner som just nu präglar investeringsrätten. Ett övergripande tema i denna slutdiskussion är att erfarenheten av att slita investeringstvister i enlighet med kommersiella skiljedomsregler är av nytta för de som nu förhandlar nya typer av investeringsskyddstraktater.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Law, Uppsala University, 2019. p. 365
Keywords
International investment law, international arbitration, investment treaties, BIT, ICSID, UNCITRAL, jurisdiction, treaty interpretation, emergency arbitration, Iran-United States Claims Tribunal
National Category
Law
Research subject
Public International Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376204 (URN)978-91-506-2746-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-03-22, Brusewitzsalen, Gamla torget 6, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-02-28 Created: 2019-02-03 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Kotick, B. & Dahlquist Cullborg, J. (2018). A (Counter) Balancing Act: The Express Power to Order a Security on a Stay of Enforcement Pending Annulment. ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal, 33(1), 260-279
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A (Counter) Balancing Act: The Express Power to Order a Security on a Stay of Enforcement Pending Annulment
2018 (English)In: ICSID Review: Foreign Investment Law Journal, ISSN 0258-3690, E-ISSN 2049-1999, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 260-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ICSID has advised all 153 of its Members that it is beginning the process to further update the ICSID rules and regulations. One such amendment to be considered is whether the ICSID Arbitration Rules should include an express provision concerning a security for a stay of enforcement of awards. A background paper to the preparation process for these amendments explained this specific proposal as the following: ‘Similar to security for costs, parties might be assisted by an express rule addressing when an ad hoc committee could order security on a stay of enforcement of awards.’2

 By reviewing the ICSID jurisprudence concerning the stays of enforcement pending annulment, including specific jurisprudence focusing on orders of security, this article will endeavour to determine whether parties would be assisted by an express rule and, if so, what that express rule should be. This article will start with a short introduction to continued stays of enforcement (Section I), followed by a review of the trends in ICSID jurisprudence on stays of enforcement (Section II). For the sake of comparison, this article will also briefly discuss trends for stays of enforcement in the non-ICSID context (Section III). This article will then review the approaches of ad hoc committees exercising their discretion to issue a stay of enforcement subject to a condition or provision of security (Section IV). Finally, the article will analyse the ‘assistance’ that an express rule for ordering a security on a stay of enforcement could provide (Section V).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2018
National Category
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342795 (URN)10.1093/icsidreview/six029 (DOI)000435496900016 ()
Available from: 2018-02-23 Created: 2018-02-23 Last updated: 2018-08-30Bibliographically approved
Dahlquist, J. (2018). Investment Treaty Arbitration: Problems and Exercises. Edward Elgar Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Investment Treaty Arbitration: Problems and Exercises
2018 (English)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Investment Treaty Arbitration is an excellent teaching tool for lecturers and readers of international investment arbitration. This casebook includes over 40 exercises based on real-life disputes, helping readers evaluate and analyse all aspects of the topic. Intended to set out a basis for discussion in seminars, the material has been developed by eminent practitioner and academic Kaj Hobér, using a teaching structure proven to be successful. Key Features: 

• extensive examples of cases alongside seminar exercises and mini mock arbitrations to help students put their knowledge into practice

 • material built on the problem-based learning method, using fact patterns and allowing for in-depth discussion and a confident understanding of complex arbitration cases

• exercises including questions to answer, problems to solve and group exercises, alongside excerpts of the relevant cases for annotation and analysis.The most wide-ranging textbook in the area, covering both substantive investment law and arbitration, this will become the key casebook for Master’s level courses or other advanced courses in international arbitration. It will also serve as a supplementary text for those studying investment law more broadly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361047 (URN)9781786433619 (ISBN)
Note

Available from: 2018-09-20 Created: 2018-09-20 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
Dahlquist, J. (2016). Beside the point— on obiter dicta in investment treaty arbitration. Arbitration International, 1-12
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beside the point— on obiter dicta in investment treaty arbitration
2016 (English)In: Arbitration International, ISSN 0957-0411, E-ISSN 1875-8398, p. 1-12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2016
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292818 (URN)10.1093/arbint/aiw016 (DOI)
Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Dahlquist, J. (2016). The First Known Investment Treaty Emergency Arbitration. The Journal of World Investment & Trade, 17(2), 261-271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The First Known Investment Treaty Emergency Arbitration
2016 (English)In: The Journal of World Investment & Trade, ISSN 1660-7112, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 261-271Article in journal (Other academic) Published
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292819 (URN)10.1163/22119000-01702003 (DOI)000374539700003 ()
Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2016-07-18Bibliographically approved
Dahlquist, J., Lenk, H. & Rönnelid, L. (2016). The infringement proceedings over intra-EU investment treaties – an analysis of the case against Sweden (2016:4epa).
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The infringement proceedings over intra-EU investment treaties – an analysis of the case against Sweden (2016:4epa)
2016 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-292821 (URN)
Available from: 2016-05-09 Created: 2016-05-09 Last updated: 2016-05-10Bibliographically approved
Hobér, K. & Dahlquist, J. (2014). International Investment Protection Regimes in the Energy Sector (56ed.). In: German Yearbook of International Law: . Duncker & Humblot
Open this publication in new window or tab >>International Investment Protection Regimes in the Energy Sector
2014 (English)In: German Yearbook of International Law, Duncker & Humblot, 2014, 56Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Duncker & Humblot, 2014 Edition: 56
National Category
Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277646 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved
Dahlquist, J. (2014). Skiljedomen i den bilaterala investeringstvisten Micula m.fl. mot Rumänien. Juridisk Tidskrift (1), 183
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Skiljedomen i den bilaterala investeringstvisten Micula m.fl. mot Rumänien
2014 (Swedish)In: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, no 1, p. 183-Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277645 (URN)
Available from: 2016-02-22 Created: 2016-02-22 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
Organisations

Search in DiVA

Show all publications