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Publications (10 of 11) Show all publications
Aspers, P., Bengtsson, P. & Dobeson, A. (2020). Market Fashioning. Theory and society
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Market Fashioning
2020 (English)In: Theory and society, ISSN 0304-2421, E-ISSN 1573-7853Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

How do markets come about? This article offers a first systematic analysis of threedifferent ideal types of market fashioning: mutual adjustment, organization, and fields.Although aspects of these are identifiable in most empirical markets, these three idealtypes provide analytic tools for students of real markets and marketplaces. After goingthrough this comprehensive literature, it is argued that mutual adjustment, which refersto non-planned processes, is affinity with markets in which products are differentiated,for example, producer markets. Organization refers to process driven by attempts todecide for others and shows affinity with markets for standardized and homogenousproducts, for example, stock exchanges. Organization also accounts for the making ofmarketplaces. The broader notion of fields does not refer to any specific process, butaccounts for the context of market fashioning and its respective power struggles.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398868 (URN)10.1007/s11186-020-09379-0 (DOI)
Available from: 2019-12-11 Created: 2019-12-11 Last updated: 2020-02-06Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2019). Book Review: The Politics of Land edited by Tim Bartley [Review]. LSE Review of Books
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Book Review: The Politics of Land edited by Tim Bartley
2019 (English)In: LSE Review of BooksArticle, book review (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In The Politics of Land, editor Tim Bartley brings together contributors to highlight the significance of the neglected issue of land to political sociology. This is a highly informative volume that explores a range of issues related to the land-politics nexus beyond the top-down understanding of its role in capitalist accumulation with much potential for future sociological research, writes Alexander Dobeson.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-389836 (URN)
Available from: 2019-07-29 Created: 2019-07-29 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2019). Christophers, B. The New Enclosure: The Appropriation of Public Land in Neoliberal Britain Verso 2018 362 pp £20 (hardback) [Review]. British Journal of Sociology, 70(3), 1095-1097
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Christophers, B. The New Enclosure: The Appropriation of Public Land in Neoliberal Britain Verso 2018 362 pp £20 (hardback)
2019 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0007-1315, E-ISSN 1468-4446, Vol. 70, no 3, p. 1095-1097Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2019
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-390005 (URN)10.1111/1468-4446.12650 (DOI)000471272300030 ()
Available from: 2019-08-05 Created: 2019-08-05 Last updated: 2019-08-05Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2019). Das Fischerdorf im liberalen Kapitalismus: sozialräumliche Öffnungs und Schließungsprozesse in der nordatlantischen Peripherie. In: Annett Steinführer, Lutz Laschewski, Tanja Mölders, Rosemarie Siebert (Ed.), Das Dorf: Soziale Prozesse und räumliche Arrangements (pp. 187-202). Münster: LIT Verlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Das Fischerdorf im liberalen Kapitalismus: sozialräumliche Öffnungs und Schließungsprozesse in der nordatlantischen Peripherie
2019 (German)In: Das Dorf: Soziale Prozesse und räumliche Arrangements / [ed] Annett Steinführer, Lutz Laschewski, Tanja Mölders, Rosemarie Siebert, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2019, p. 187-202Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [de]

Dieser Beitrag untersucht die Folgen marktbasierter Ressourcenpolitik auf die sozialräumlichen Öffnungs- und Schließungsprozesse nordatlantischer Fischerdörfer. Ausgehend von einer Rekonzeptualisierung des Dorfes als relationalen Raum zeigt das empirische Material zum einen, wie neue Märkte für Fanquoten und Frischfisch lokal begrenzte Produktionsnetzwerke entflechten und Kleinbootfischer in „freie“ Marktakteure und Investoren verwandeln. Zum anderen wird deutlich, dass das Fischerdorf durch die veränderte Rolle der Kleinbootfischerei als profitmaximierende Unternehmen zunehmend in ein neues Netzwerk global agierender Akteure von Ökonomen, Biologen, neuen Märkten und Investmentbanken verflochten wird, welches den Ökonomisierungsdruck auf lokale Produktionsnetzwerke verstärkt und materielle Schließungsprozesse sowie eine starke Polarisierung zwischen Gewinner- und Verliererdörfern befördert. Der Beitrag schließt mit einem Ausblick auf die Veränderung ländlicher Räume im Zeitalter des liberalen Kapitalismus.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Münster: LIT Verlag, 2019
Keywords
Schlüsselwörter: Küstendorf, Küstenfischer, relationale Soziologie, Märkte, Ökonomisierung, liberaler Kapitalismus
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-377385 (URN)978-3-643-14114-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-02-19 Created: 2019-02-19 Last updated: 2019-05-27Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2018). Between Openness and Closure: Helmuth Plessner and the Boundaries of Social Life. Journal of Classical Sociology, 18(1), 36-54
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Between Openness and Closure: Helmuth Plessner and the Boundaries of Social Life
2018 (English)In: Journal of Classical Sociology, ISSN 1468-795X, E-ISSN 1741-2897, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 36-54Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces the basic notions of the widely neglected Philosophical Anthropology of Helmuth Plessner. Instead of defining man as a privileged holder of consciousness, Plessner claims that all living organisms can be defined by their specific relation to their physical boundaries. In contrast to other living organisms such as plants and animals, however, the 'eccentric' nature of man allows for a comparatively high degree of freedom from the physical environment, which enables him to transcend, objectify, and deconstruct the boundaries of the same. The article concludes by outlining Plessner's original contribution to contemporary debates in social theory, in particular constructivism and post-humanist studies.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-318521 (URN)10.1177/1468795X17704786 (DOI)000423739600003 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 263699-CEV
Available from: 2017-03-24 Created: 2017-03-24 Last updated: 2019-01-25Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2018). Economising the rural: how new markets and property rights transform rural economies. Sociologia Ruralis, 58(4), 886-908
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Economising the rural: how new markets and property rights transform rural economies
2018 (English)In: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 886-908Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How do new markets and property rights transform rural economies? Based on an ethnographic case study of the Icelandic fisheries, this article shows how the organisation of markets for fishing rights and fresh fish has transformed the rural periphery into a globally entangled site of investments, valuation and exchange. The empirical material shows, on one hand, how the economisation of the traditional small‐boat fisheries has disentangled locally bound fishers into independent market actors and investors; and on the other hand, how daily economic coping re‐entangles fishers into a new web of money‐mediated relations and debt that pushes them to economise their operations for the purpose of increasing profit‐making in order to stay afloat. While economisation has led to a general valorisation of small boats and the construction of a 'quality'‐oriented market niche, fishing communities of the rural periphery maintain their struggle to survive in a new and volatile culture of liberal rural capitalism.

National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347420 (URN)10.1111/soru.12215 (DOI)000447310500010 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council, ERC 263699-CEV
Available from: 2018-04-01 Created: 2018-04-01 Last updated: 2018-12-11Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2018). The wrong fish: maneuvering the boundaries of market-based resource management. Journal of Cultural Economy, 11(2), 110-124
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The wrong fish: maneuvering the boundaries of market-based resource management
2018 (English)In: Journal of Cultural Economy, ISSN 1753-0350, E-ISSN 1753-0369, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 110-124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How can economic actors stay afloat in a highly volatile market environment? By drawing on ethnographic material from the Icelandic fishing industry, this article demonstrates how fishers maneuver the boundaries of market-based resource management that tend to ignore the ever-changing environment of the sea. The empirical material shows how fishers skillfully manipulate their socio-technical environment in order to adjust the market for so-called Individual Transferable Quotas (ITQs) with the movement of fish stocks. Accordingly, three coping practices are deployed: (i) tinkering with accounts, (ii) socio-technical conversion, and (iii) redefining boundaries. While these practices allow fishers to stay afloat, they are likewise undermined by the ever-changing environment of the sea, consequently fueling a money-induced cycle of socio-technical problem-solving and breakdowns.

Keywords
Skillful coping, environment, uncertainty, technology, markets
National Category
Social Sciences Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341017 (URN)10.1080/17530350.2018.1426031 (DOI)000436831500002 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council, ERC 263699-CEV
Available from: 2018-02-06 Created: 2018-02-06 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Kohl, S., Dobeson, A. & Brandl, B. (2017). Varieties of Agrarian Capitalism: Towards a Comparative Analysis of Rural Economies. Economic Sociology : the European Electronic Newsletter, 18(3), 19-31
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Varieties of Agrarian Capitalism: Towards a Comparative Analysis of Rural Economies
2017 (English)In: Economic Sociology : the European Electronic Newsletter, ISSN 1871-3351, E-ISSN 1871-3351, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 19-31Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-326181 (URN)
Available from: 2017-07-03 Created: 2017-07-03 Last updated: 2019-09-19Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2016). Hooked on Markets: Revaluing Coastal Fisheries in Liberal Rural Capitalism. (Doctoral dissertation). Uppsala: Department of Sociology, Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hooked on Markets: Revaluing Coastal Fisheries in Liberal Rural Capitalism
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Natural resource–based economies are typically embedded in rural networks of production. In recent years, however, the privatisation of access rights and the organisation of markets have substantially transformed some of these rural economies.

By using the case of the Icelandic coastal fisheries, this ethnographic study shows, on one hand, how property rights–based management regimes and markets have reconfigured rural economies by disentangling fishers from their community ties, leading to increasing investment and technological development in the industry. On the other hand, the case shows how daily economic ‘coping’ has re-entangled fishers in a web of money-mediated relations that have economised economic expectations from cost-awareness to increasing profit-making in the industry.

This economisation of the fisheries’ economy, however, not only reconfigures forms of coordination and network ties, but also changes the social practices that lie at the heart of economic value itself: fishing and processing. Hence, the study shows how artisanal and labour-intensive industries cope with the ‘primacy of the economy’ not only by rationalising their operations towards economic efficiency, but also by recontextualising traditional forms of knowledge and technology for the collective construction of a new 'quality'-oriented market-niche.

The consequences of this coping, however, are twofold: while on one hand this development has led to the valorisation of line-caught fish, coastal fisheries have become objects of financial speculation, leading to a paradoxical cycle of investment and technological problem-solving that is pushing the temporal and spatial boundaries of coastal fisheries in local networks of production. As a consequence, the meaning of ‘small boats’ as social backbone and symbol of rural independence is being contested.

This study is not only of interest to scholars dealing with processes of economisation and marketisation of rural networks of production and natural resources, but also for those interested more generally in the role of markets, technology and changing economic practices of evaluation and valuation in contemporary capitalism.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Sociology, Uppsala University, 2016. p. 226
Keywords
marketisation, economisation, valuation, evaluation, practice theory, technology, quality, relational ethnography, natural resources, fisheries, rural capitalism
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277871 (URN)978-91-506-2533-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-04-22, Gustavianum, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-03-29 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2018-08-27Bibliographically approved
Dobeson, A. (2016). Scopic valuations: how digital tracking technologies shape economic value. Economy and Society, 45(3-4), 454-478
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Scopic valuations: how digital tracking technologies shape economic value
2016 (English)In: Economy and Society, ISSN 0308-5147, E-ISSN 1469-5766, Vol. 45, no 3-4, p. 454-478Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

How do market actors in the contemporary economy make decisions when they are uncertain of the value of what is being traded? To answer this question, this paper analyses the changing temporal and spatial orientation of economic valuations in increasingly digitalized economies, in which markets can no longer be understood as locally bound and closed sites of valuation and exchange. Drawing on ethnographic material from the fishing industry, the paper shows how digital tracking technologies link and synchronize auction markets with real-time information on fishing activities. Hence, 'scopic media' such as chart plotters and computer screens are not only deployed by skippers to monitor one another, but are also used as valuation devices that recontextualize local knowledge for the purpose of coping with economic uncertainty. As a consequence of this panoptic valuation regime, fishermen control their virtual identities by disciplining harvesting practices according to their buyers' expectations.

Keywords
valuation, uncertainty, markets, digital technology, scopic media, economization
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-312148 (URN)10.1080/03085147.2016.1224143 (DOI)000394966000007 ()
Funder
EU, European Research Council, ERC 263699-CEV
Available from: 2017-01-05 Created: 2017-01-05 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0002-6352-3592

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