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Nordenstam, Carin
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Nilsson, D., Nordenstam, C., Green, S., Wetterhall, A., Lundin, T. & Svedin, C. G. (2015). Acute stress among adolescents and female rape victims measured by ASC-Kids: A pilot study. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 69(7), 539-545
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Acute stress among adolescents and female rape victims measured by ASC-Kids: A pilot study
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2015 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, no 7, p. 539-545Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often with durable consequences. How the aftermath of rape is for young adolescents' girls considering acute stress is an overlooked field and remains to be studied. Aims: In this study, we wanted to investigate acute stress among adolescent victims of rape and the psychometric properties of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children (ASC-Kids). Methods: A clinical sample (n = 79) of raped girls, 13 - 17 years old who had turned to a special rape victim unit for treatment, answered the ASC-Kids. ASC-Kids was also given to a group of minor stressed, non-raped adolescents in the same age range (n = 154) together with the University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD RI), and the Sense of Coherence Scale 13 (SOC-13). Results : The scores from the groups were compared and showed significant differences in mean values on all the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder. In the clinical group, 36.7% obtained full ASD criteria. ASC-Kids could discriminate well between groups. Cronbach's alpha was found to be excellent, and the correlation between the UCLA PTSD RI and ASC-Kids found to be good; both ASC-Kids and UCLA PTSD RI had a good and moderate negative correlation with SOC-13. Conclusion: Adolescent female rape victims were shown to have a very high level of acute stress, and the ASC-Kids was found to have sound psychometrics and can be a valuable screening instrument to support clinicians in their assessments of an indication of adolescents after potentially stressful events such as rape.

Keywords
Acute stress, Adolescents, ASC-Kids, Psychometrics, Rape
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280975 (URN)10.3109/08039488.2015.1013056 (DOI)000369972000007 ()25732866 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2016-03-16 Created: 2016-03-16 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
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