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Forsberg, H., Palme, M. & Börjesson, M. (2019). Education as Field and Market: The Case of Upper Secondary School in Stockholm, 2006–2008. In: Jörg Blasius, Frédéric Lebaron, Brigitte Le Roux, Andreas Schmitz (Ed.), Empirical Investigations of Social Space: (pp. 245-266). Cham: Springer Publishing Company
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Education as Field and Market: The Case of Upper Secondary School in Stockholm, 2006–2008
2019 (English)In: Empirical Investigations of Social Space / [ed] Jörg Blasius, Frédéric Lebaron, Brigitte Le Roux, Andreas Schmitz, Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2019, p. 245-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the last three decades, Swedish education has undergone profound transformations, including a gradually increasing degree of privatization and marketization. These transformations offer an opportunity to analyse the relation between social space, education as social field and an emerging educational market. A correspondence analysis (CA) of all pupils attending all upper secondary educations in the Stockholm area in 2006–2008, with Euclidean classification as an additional analytic instrument, reveals that the social structure of the field of upper secondary education remains largely the same in spite of the market-oriented reforms. The embodied form of the unequally distributed social and cultural assets of which this structure is an expression, habitus, is particularly important for explaining both the distance and the responsiveness to marketization which characterize and separate elite schools, from medium and lower-ranked schools. It is concluded that the “market” should be understood as embedded in a social field of education that, in turn, reflects the polarities of the larger social space.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer Publishing Company, 2019
Series
Methodos Series (Methodological Prospects in the Social Sciences) ; 15
Keywords
social space, field, market, social stratification, upper secondary education
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-402922 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-15387-8_15 (DOI)978-3-030-15386-1 (ISBN)978-3-030-15387-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2020-01-21 Created: 2020-01-21 Last updated: 2020-05-19Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. & Palme, M. (2019). Public schools’ market strategies (1ed.). In: Magnus Dahlstedt; Andreas Fejes (Ed.), Neoliberalism and market forces in education:: lessons from Sweden (pp. 15-32). London: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Public schools’ market strategies
2019 (English)In: Neoliberalism and market forces in education:: lessons from Sweden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt; Andreas Fejes, London: Routledge, 2019, 1, p. 15-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish school reforms in the early 1990s channeled all public funding for basic and secondaryeducation into vouchers that families and pupils could use for making their own choice of school. Parallelto this, private schools were allowed, competing with municipality owned schools for pupils and thefunding these vouchers represent. The reforms transformed education into a market where pupilscompete for entry into schools and schools compete for pupils. This transformation profoundly changedthe conditions for how municipalities handled their political responsibility to provide education of ‘equalquality’. In this paper, we examine the survival strategies that local school authorities employed underthe pressure of increased competition, deregulation and marketization. Our analysis is based oninterviews with senior school officials and school principals in the less wealthy southern municipalitiesofStockholm County and is underpinned by statistical data originating from Statistics Sweden. The studyshows that public school authorities were forced to adapt to a market over which they had limited control.The market reforms provided the municipalities with a contradictory role as both wardens of traditionalvalues of civic responsibility and defenders of the new school competition. This aligns with previousresearch that point to a gradual transformation of the public sector, the emphasis shifting from egalitarianand civic responsibility to producing education as a civic commodity.Auctioning out educationDiana Holmqvist1

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2019 Edition: 1
Series
Routledge Research in Education Policy and Politics
Keywords
school market, school choice, sociology of education, school choice policy
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-379126 (URN)9781138600881 (ISBN)9780429894022 (ISBN)
Projects
Gymnasiemarknaden i svenskglesa områden. Valet av gymnasieutbildning bland familjer och elever med migrationsbakgrund i etniskt heterogena och socioekonomiskt tillbakasatta bostadsområden.
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-03913
Available from: 2019-03-12 Created: 2019-03-12 Last updated: 2020-04-02Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2018). Gymnasieval och segregation (1ed.). In: Magnus Dahlstedt och Andreas Fejes (Ed.), Skolan, marknaden och framtiden: (pp. 203-226). Lund: Studentlitteratur AB
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Gymnasieval och segregation
2018 (Swedish)In: Skolan, marknaden och framtiden / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt och Andreas Fejes, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 203-226Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018 Edition: 1
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338669 (URN)9789144119960 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2018). Matching Practices for Secondary Schools - Sweden.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Matching Practices for Secondary Schools - Sweden
2018 (English)Report (Other academic)
Publisher
p. 11
Series
Matching in Practice Country Profile ; 27
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology) Educational Sciences
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-365253 (URN)
Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2018). School Choice in Ethnically and Socioeconomically Heterogeneous Residential Areas. Sociologisk forskning, 55(1), 23-52
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School Choice in Ethnically and Socioeconomically Heterogeneous Residential Areas
2018 (English)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 23-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article explores how young peoples 'strategies when choosing upper secondary education are marked by the segregation and marketization of education. Research is limited to five municipalities in southern Stockholm that are characterized by ethnically and socioeconomically heterogeneous residential areas. It is argued that the school choice of all pupils at upper secondary level in this region constitutes a socio-geographical space in which the school market is embedded and operates. This space is explored by means of specific multiple correspondence analyses (specific MCA). Using individual census data on all students in the designated municipalities from 2008, the differences between 4 421 pupils are investigated as regards their parents' education, income, occupation, services, and national origin, as well as the pupils' academic merits from comprehensive school. The analysis reveals that, despite a 'free' school choice and substantial geographical mobility, pupils' choices are heavily restricted by local social and demographic conditions, not the least those connected to their acquired and inherited assets.

Keywords
school choice, segregation, school market, geometric data analysis, social space
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355474 (URN)000432056900003 ()
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-29Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2018). School competition and social stratification in the deregulated upper secondary school market in Stockholm. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 39(6), 891-907
Open this publication in new window or tab >>School competition and social stratification in the deregulated upper secondary school market in Stockholm
2018 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology of Education, ISSN 0142-5692, E-ISSN 1465-3346, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 891-907Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Drawing on the case of upper secondary education in Stockholm, thisarticle analyses school-based responses to a superimposed marketand how this is related to social stratification. Furthermore, schools’and pupils’ encounters with the market are analysed in relation toBourdieu’s concepts of field, capital and strategy. Methodologically,the quantitative method of correspondence analysis is combinedwith semi-structured interviews with senior administrative officersand principals. Analysis shows how the overarching structure ofthis particular field – a historically pre-existing social order of uppersecondary education in Stockholm – is related to the complex set ofstrategies that schools develop in the school market. Schools locatedat the elite pole of the field, serving the educational needs of a smallminority of either the wealthy or the culturally rich upper middleclass, are less affected by marketization. In the most populous socialmid-tier of the field, schools are more likely to turn education into amass-produced commodity, while schools at the socially dominatedpole, without a competitive product, are more exposed to the market’sstratifying impact.

National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-340920 (URN)10.1080/01425692.2018.1426441 (DOI)000448332900010 ()
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 7208
Available from: 2018-02-05 Created: 2018-02-05 Last updated: 2019-01-17Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2018). Valet av utbildning på gymnasiemarknaden i socialt tillbakasatta områden. Sociologisk forskning, 55(1), 23-52
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Valet av utbildning på gymnasiemarknaden i socialt tillbakasatta områden
2018 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 23-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

School Choice in Ethnically and Socioeconomically Heterogeneous Residential Areas

This article explores how young peoples' strategies when choosing upper secondary education are marked by the segregation and marketization of education. Research is limited to five municipalities in southern Stockholm that are characterized by ethnically and socioeconomically heterogeneous residential areas. It is argued that the school choice of all pupils at upper secondary level in this region constitutes a socio-geographical space in which the school market is embedded and operates. This space is explored by means of specific multiple correspondence analyses (specific MCA). Using individual census data on all students in the designated municipalities from 2008, the differences between 4 421 pupils are investigated as regards their parents' education, income, occupation, services, and national origin, as well as the pupils' academic merits from comprehensive school. The analysis reveals that, despite a "free" school choice and substantial geographical mobility, pupils' choices are heavily restricted by local social and demographic conditions, not the least those connected to their acquired and inherited assets.

Keywords
school choice, segregation, school market, geometric data analysis, social space
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349072 (URN)
Projects
Gymnasiemarknaden i svenskglesa områden. Valet av gymnasieutbildning bland familjer och elever med migrationsbakgrund i etniskt heterogena och socioekonomiskt tillbakasatta bostadsområden.
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-03913
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2018-04-23Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H., Palme, M. & Börjesson, M. (2017). Le marché de l’éducation et la structure sociale: La transformation de l’enseignement secondaire supérieur suédois à la veille desréformes du libre choix. Esprit Critique: revue internationale de sociologie et de sciences sociales, 27(1), 23-36
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Le marché de l’éducation et la structure sociale: La transformation de l’enseignement secondaire supérieur suédois à la veille desréformes du libre choix
2017 (French)In: Esprit Critique: revue internationale de sociologie et de sciences sociales, ISSN 1705-1045, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 23-36Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology of Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-338673 (URN)
Available from: 2018-01-11 Created: 2018-01-11 Last updated: 2018-02-08Bibliographically approved
Forsberg, H. (2016). Social field and market: Upper secondary education and the emerging educational market in the Stockholm region. In: : . Paper presented at Sociologidagarna. Uppsala, 10–12 mars 2016.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social field and market: Upper secondary education and the emerging educational market in the Stockholm region
2016 (Swedish)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-287802 (URN)
Conference
Sociologidagarna. Uppsala, 10–12 mars 2016
Available from: 2016-04-26 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2016-04-26
Forsberg, H. (2015). A Socio-spatial Analysis of the Swedish Free School Reform of 1992 and the Marketization of Upper Secondary Education in Stockholm. In: : . Paper presented at The Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting 2015.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Socio-spatial Analysis of the Swedish Free School Reform of 1992 and the Marketization of Upper Secondary Education in Stockholm
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-287813 (URN)
Conference
The Association of American Geographers (AAG) Annual Meeting 2015
Available from: 2016-04-26 Created: 2016-04-26 Last updated: 2016-04-26
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-0277-4440

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