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Kundu, Snehangshu
Publications (4 of 4) Show all publications
Kundu, S., Ali, M. A., Handin, N., Padhan, N., Larsson, J., Karoutsou, M., . . . Sjöblom, T. (2018). Linking FOXO3, NCOA3, and TCF7L2 to Ras pathway phenotypes through a genome-wide forward genetic screen in human colorectal cancer cells. Genome Medicine, 10, Article ID 2.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Linking FOXO3, NCOA3, and TCF7L2 to Ras pathway phenotypes through a genome-wide forward genetic screen in human colorectal cancer cells
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2018 (English)In: Genome Medicine, ISSN 1756-994X, E-ISSN 1756-994X, Vol. 10, article id 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background:

The Ras pathway genes KRAS, BRAF, or ERBBs have somatic mutations in similar to 60% of human colorectal carcinomas. At present, it is unknown whether the remaining cases lack mutations activating the Ras pathway or whether they have acquired mutations in genes hitherto unknown to belong to the pathway.

Methods:

To address the second possibility and extend the compendium of Ras pathway genes, we used genome-wide transposon mutagenesis of two human colorectal cancer cell systems deprived of their activating KRAS or BRAF allele to identify genes enabling growth in low glucose, a Ras pathway phenotype, when targeted.

Results:

Of the 163 recurrently targeted genes in the two different genetic backgrounds, one-third were known cancer genes and one-fifth had links to the EGFR/Ras/MAPK pathway. When compared to cancer genome sequencing datasets, nine genes also mutated in human colorectal cancers were identified. Among these, stable knockdown of FOXO3, NCOA3, and TCF7L2 restored growth in low glucose but reduced MEK/MAPK phosphorylation, reduced anchorage-independent growth, and modulated expressions of GLUT1 and Ras pathway related proteins. Knockdown of NCOA3 and FOXO3 significantly decreased the sensitivity to cetuximab of KRAS mutant but not wild-type cells.

Conclusions:

This work establishes a proof-of-concept that human cell-based genome-wide forward genetic screens can assign genes to pathways with clinical importance in human colorectal cancer.

Keywords
Forward genetics, piggyBac transposon, Colorectal cancer, Ras pathway
National Category
Medical Genetics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341500 (URN)10.1186/s13073-017-0511-4 (DOI)000419613600002 ()29301589 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2018-02-14 Created: 2018-02-14 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved
Mathot, L., Kundu, S., Ljungström, V., Svedlund, J., Moens, L., Adlerteg, T., . . . Sjöblom, T. (2017). Somatic Ephrin Receptor Mutations Are Associated with Metastasis in Primary Colorectal Cancer. Cancer Research, 7(77), 1730-1740
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Somatic Ephrin Receptor Mutations Are Associated with Metastasis in Primary Colorectal Cancer
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2017 (English)In: Cancer Research, ISSN 0008-5472, E-ISSN 1538-7445, Vol. 7, no 77, p. 1730-1740Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The contribution of somatic mutations to metastasis of colorectal cancers is currently unknown. To find mutations involved in the colorectal cancer metastatic process, we performed deep mutational analysis of 676 genes in 107 stages II to IV primary colorectal cancer, of which half had metastasized. The mutation prevalence in the ephrin (EPH) family of tyrosine kinase receptors was 10-fold higher in primary tumors of metastatic colorectal than in nonmetastatic cases and preferentially occurred in stage III and IV tumors. Mutational analyses in situ confirmed expression of mutant EPH receptors. To enable functional studies of EPHB1 mutations, we demonstrated that DLD-1 colorectal cancer cells expressing EPHB1 form aggregates upon coculture with ephrin B1 expressing cells. When mutations in the fibronectin type III and kinase domains of EPHB1 were compared with wild-type EPHB1 in DLD-1 colorectal cancer cells, they decreased ephrin B1-induced compartmentalization. These observations provide a mechanistic link between EPHB receptor mutations and metastasis in colorectal cancer.

National Category
Clinical Laboratory Medicine Cancer and Oncology
Research subject
Pathology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-319146 (URN)10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-1921 (DOI)000398262400019 ()28108514 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer Society, 2006/2154; 2007/775; 2012/834EU, European Research Council, 601939Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , F06-0050Vinnova
Available from: 2017-03-31 Created: 2017-03-31 Last updated: 2019-03-29
Pandzic, T., Rendo, V., Lim, J., Larsson, C., Larsson, J., Stoimenov, I., . . . Sjöblom, T. (2017). Somatic PRDM2 c.4467delA mutations in colorectal cancers control histone methylation and tumor growth. OncoTarget, 8(58), 98646-98659
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Somatic PRDM2 c.4467delA mutations in colorectal cancers control histone methylation and tumor growth
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2017 (English)In: OncoTarget, ISSN 1949-2553, E-ISSN 1949-2553, Vol. 8, no 58, p. 98646-98659Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The chromatin modifier PRDM2/RIZ1 is inactivated by mutation in several forms of cancer and is a putative tumor suppressor gene. Frameshift mutations in the C-terminal region of PRDM2, affecting (A)8 or (A)9 repeats within exon 8, are found in one third of colorectal cancers with microsatellite instability, but the contribution of these mutations to colorectal tumorigenesis is unknown. To model somatic mutations in microsatellite unstable tumors, we devised a general approach to perform genome editing while stabilizing the mutated nucleotide repeat. We then engineered isogenic cell systems where the PRDM2 c.4467delA mutation in human HCT116 colorectal cancer cells was corrected to wild-type by genome editing. Restored PRDM2 increased global histone 3 lysine 9 dimethylation and reduced migration, anchorage-independent growth and tumor growth in vivo. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed regulation of several hallmark cancer pathways, particularly of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), with VIM being the most significantly regulated gene. These observations provide direct evidence that PRDM2 c.4467delA is a driver mutation in colorectal cancer and confirms PRDM2 as a cancer gene, pointing to regulation of EMT as a central aspect of its tumor suppressive action.

National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345974 (URN)10.18632/oncotarget.21713 (DOI)000419392300074 ()
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , F06-0050 RBa08-0114Swedish Cancer Society, 2006/2154 2007/775 2012/834
Available from: 2018-03-13 Created: 2018-03-13 Last updated: 2018-09-20Bibliographically approved
Pandzic, T., Larsson, J., He, L., Kundu, S., Ban, K., Ali, M. A., . . . Hellström, M. (2016). Transposon Mutagenesis Reveals Fludarabine Resistance Mechanisms in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Clinical Cancer Research, 22(24), 6217-6227
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Transposon Mutagenesis Reveals Fludarabine Resistance Mechanisms in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
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2016 (English)In: Clinical Cancer Research, ISSN 1078-0432, E-ISSN 1557-3265, Vol. 22, no 24, p. 6217-6227Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To identify resistance mechanisms for the chemotherapeutic drug fludarabine in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), as innate and acquired resistance to fludarabine-based chemotherapy represents a major challenge for long-term disease control. Experimental Design: We used piggyBac transposon-mediated mutagenesis, combined with next-generation sequencing, to identify genes that confer resistance to fludarabine in a human CLL cell line. Results: In total, this screen identified 782 genes with transposon integrations in fludarabine-resistant pools of cells. One of the identified genes is a known resistance mediator DCK (deoxycytidine kinase), which encodes an enzyme that is essential for the phosphorylation of the prodrug to the active metabolite. BMP2K, a gene not previously linked to CLL, was also identified as a modulator of response to fludarabine. In addition, 10 of 782 transposon-targeted genes had previously been implicated in treatment resistance based on somatic mutations seen in patients refractory to fludarabine-based therapy. Functional characterization of these genes supported a significant role for ARID5B and BRAF in fludarabine sensitivity. Finally, pathway analysis of transposon-targeted genes and RNA-seq profiling of fludarabine-resistant cells suggested deregulated MAPK signaling as involved in mediating drug resistance in CLL. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first forward genetic screen for chemotherapy resistance in CLL. The screen pinpointed novel genes and pathways involved in fludarabine resistance along with previously known resistance mechanisms. Transposon screens can therefore aid interpretation of cancer genome sequencing data in the identification of genes modifying sensitivity to chemotherapy.

National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-315914 (URN)10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-15-2903 (DOI)000391472400028 ()26957556 (PubMedID)
Funder
Swedish Cancer SocietySwedish Research CouncilSwedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC), b2014071
Available from: 2017-02-23 Created: 2017-02-23 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
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