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Salles, Arleen
Publications (10 of 23) Show all publications
Salles, A. (2018). Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina. In: Johnson S. Rommelfanger K (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics / [ed] Johnson S. Rommelfanger K, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

At present, the impact of scientific research and the effects of neurotechnology on human beings not only as biological beings but also as moral beings is increasingly felt in medicine and the humanities. It is reasonable to think that the future will bring even more ways of knowing, modifying, healing, and possibly enhancing the brain thus challenging our intuitions about who we are and how we act - or should act. Neuroethics attempts to both offer a collective response to the ethical issues that rapidly developing science raises, and to find new answers to age-old philosophical questions. This discipline is not as established in Argentina as it is in the United States and some European nations, but the unique historic-cultural and academic landscape of Argentina suggests promises for neuroethics to deliver original results if/when this development occurs. Here, I  briefly explain some of the neuroethical concerns that attract more attention locally and I make explicit some of the salient topics and challenges shaping neuroethics in Argentina. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317429 (URN)9781138898295 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-03-14 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2017). Proactive Epigenesis and Ethics [Letter to the editor]. EMBO Reports, 18(8), 1271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proactive Epigenesis and Ethics
2017 (English)In: EMBO Reports, ISSN 1469-221X, E-ISSN 1469-3178, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 1271-Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A recent article by Kathinka Evers and Jean Pierre Changeux offers a new approach to the issue of moral change. They propose proactive epigenesis as a tool to communicate and establish social and ethical norms in education and upbringing so as to build better societies. In this short commentary I explain their view and then identify and explain some of the normative issues raised by their proposal. In particular, I  focus on some moral claims they make that raise deep questions about justification and frameworks and thus require further discussion. Based on my analysis, I propose that the authors themselves further develop their views and elaborate on the specifically moral issues raised by their proposal and hope that their joint work on this issue inspires empirical and theoretical research from disciplines such as moral philosophy, pedagogy, and social science to further examine proactive epigenesis and the possibilities it opens for addressing moral improvement.

Keyword
ethics, normativity, neural epigenesis
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334550 (URN)10.15252/embr.201744697 (DOI)000406716000003 ()
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. (2017). Salud reproductiva, legislación y opciones de maternidad [Review]. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 10(1), 248-251
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Salud reproductiva, legislación y opciones de maternidad
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, ISSN 1937-4585, E-ISSN 1937-4577, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 248-251Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV TORONTO PRESS INC, 2017
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321565 (URN)000398812500013 ()
Note

Title in WoS: Reproductive health, legislation and motherhood options

Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. & Evers, K. (2017). Social Neuroscience and Neuroethics: A Fruitful Synergy. In: A. Ibáñez et al. (eds.) (Ed.), Neuroscience and Social Science: The Missing Link: (pp. 531-546). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Neuroscience and Neuroethics: A Fruitful Synergy
2017 (English)In: Neuroscience and Social Science: The Missing Link / [ed] A. Ibáñez et al. (eds.), Springer, 2017, p. 531-546Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Social neuroscience is shedding new light on the relationship between the brain and its environments. In the process, and despite criticism from the social sciences, the field is contributing to the discussion of long-standing controversies concerning, for example, the "nature-nurture" distinction and the relationships between social and neurobiological structures.

In this chapter, we argue that in this endeavor social neuroscience would benefit from partnering with neuroethics insofar as their respective areas and methods of explanation are complementary rather than in competition. We provide a richer account of neuroethics than the one given in social neuroscientists' common descriptions of that field and suggest that, when understood in this richer (and in our view more adequate) fashion, neuroethics may open up productive avenues for research and play a key role in allowing us to determine social neuroscience's contribution to unveiling important epistemological as well as ontological notions. Accordingly, social neuroscience and neuroethics may form a constructive partnership.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
National Category
Neurology Social Psychology
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334288 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-68421-5_22 (DOI)978-3-319-68420-8 (ISBN)978-3-319-68421-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Farisco, M., Evers, K. & Salles, A. (2016). Big Science, Brain Simulation and Neuroethics. AJOB Neuroscience, 7(1), 28-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Big Science, Brain Simulation and Neuroethics
2016 (English)In: AJOB Neuroscience, ISSN 2150-7740, E-ISSN 2150-7759, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 28-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We believe that it is valuable to investigate conceptual understandings of the brain andof simulation in order to better grasp the ethical implicationsof simulation technology in particular. Such conceptualexamination is offered by fundamental neuroethics. Inthis commentary we propose a reading of simulationwithin the framework of fundamental neuroethics.

Keyword
Brain, Ethics, Neuroscience, Philosophy
National Category
Neurology Medical Ethics Ethics Philosophy
Research subject
Neuroscience; Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282542 (URN)10.1080/21507740.2015.1135834 (DOI)
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 604102
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-24Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. (2016). Brain Imaging and Privacy Concerns. In: Farisco Michele & Evers Kathinka (Ed.), Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication: (pp. 143-157). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brain Imaging and Privacy Concerns
2016 (English)In: Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication / [ed] Farisco Michele & Evers Kathinka, Routledge, 2016, p. 143-157Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, the author highlights some efforts to approach the issue of functional neuro-imaging and its possible threat to privacy in the neuroethics literature. Two main approaches or strategies are usually used in the discussion: the first strategy consists in a description and discussion of what neuro-imaging can and cannot do with a focus on the technical and methodological problems that bedevil the technology. The second strategy focuses on the metaphysical assumptions about the mind underlying concerns on the subject of neuro-imaging and mental privacy. Sometimes these two strategies are used jointly. There is a third strategy, less common in the neuroethics literature, that brackets technical, methodological, and metaphysical issues to put the focus on the discussion of normative questions. The questions raised are: why would neuroimaging’s impinging on privacy be problematic? What is valuable about mental privacy? Would it be morally undesirable to have less of it? My main aim is to outline the first two strategies clarifying their implications for the privacy debate, and then focus more on the third. I end by proposing to expand the normative discussion to incorporate some of the issues raised by a recent account of privacy as contextual integrity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317223 (URN)9781138851672 (ISBN)9781315723983 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2016). Sobre la neuroetica. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia, 42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sobre la neuroetica
2016 (Spanish)In: Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia, ISSN 0325-0725, Vol. 42Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [es]

Introduction to a special issue devoted to neuroethics. This article provides an overview of the main issues raised by recent neuroscientific advances and the different approaches used to understand and discuss them. 

National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317216 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2015). La neurociencia y la identidad: un debate abierto. In: César Ortega Esquembre Andrés Richart Piqueras Víctor Páramo Valero Christian Ruíz Rubio (Ed.), El Mejoramiento Humano: (pp. 57-67). Editorial Comares
Open this publication in new window or tab >>La neurociencia y la identidad: un debate abierto
2015 (Spanish)In: El Mejoramiento Humano / [ed] César Ortega Esquembre Andrés Richart Piqueras Víctor Páramo Valero Christian Ruíz Rubio, Editorial Comares, 2015, p. 57-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [es]

Large brain projects worldwide, such as the American BRAIN initiative and the European Human Brain Project, are generating vigorous moral discussions on a number of topics. They range from how responsible research should be carried out and how to ethically use the findings, to critical questions about the impact of neuroscientific findings on human lives in general and subjective human experiences in particular. One important concern that has been voiced is that advances in brain research can potentially threaten human identity either by substantially altering it or by directly undermining it. In this paper, the author identifies and presents some of these identity related concerns. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Editorial Comares, 2015
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317222 (URN)9788490453643 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. & Melo Martin, I. (2015). Moral Bioenhancement: Much Ado about Nothing?. Bioethics, 29(4), 223-232
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Moral Bioenhancement: Much Ado about Nothing?
2015 (English)In: Bioethics, ISSN 0269-9702, E-ISSN 1467-8519, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 223-232Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recently, some have proposed moral bioenhancement as a solution to the serious moral evils that humans face. Seemingly disillusioned with tradi- tional methods of moral education, proponents of bioenhancement believe that we should pursue and apply biotechnological means to morally enhance human beings. Such proposal has generated a lively debate about the permissibility of moral bioenhancement. We argue here that such debate is specious. The claim that moral bioenhancement is a solution – whether permissible or not – to the serious moral problems that affect human beings is based on several problematic framing assumptions. We evaluate here three of such assumptions: the first rests on a contested understanding of morality, the second consist in a mistaken conception of human moral problems, and the third relates to problematic presuppositions grounding the interpretation of existent scientific evidence presented to defend moral bioenhancement. Once these framing assumptions are iden- tified and critically evaluated, it becomes clear that the moral bioenhancement debate is misguided. 

Keyword
moral enhancement, framing assumptions, poverty
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Bioethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317207 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2015). Rationality and the moral significance of emotions. In: Inherent and Instrumental Values: Excursions in Value Inquiry: (pp. 89-99). University Press of America
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rationality and the moral significance of emotions
2015 (English)In: Inherent and Instrumental Values: Excursions in Value Inquiry, University Press of America, 2015, p. 89-99Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A conventional assumption of traditional moral philosophy is that emotions are irrational forces likely to make us act other than on moral principles. One aspect of this tradition that its followers emphasize is the notion that a moral life is a matter of rational self-sufficiency.  Because rationality grounds morality, and emotions are allegedly merely irrational phenomena, they have no positive moral significance. Since the recent renewal of interest in the emotions, however, some philosophers have concerned themselves with morally vindicating the emotions by arguing that under some conditions they can be assessed as rational.  This chapter addresses the connection usually made between the moral significance of the emotions and their rational status. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University Press of America, 2015
Keyword
emotions, rationality, moral status
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317211 (URN)9780761864943 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
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