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Salles, Arleen
Publications (10 of 25) Show all publications
Farisco, M., Salles, A. & Evers, K. (2018). Neuroethics: A Conceptual Approach. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 27(4), 717-727
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroethics: A Conceptual Approach
2018 (English)In: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, ISSN 0963-1801, E-ISSN 1469-2147, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 717-727Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we begin by identifying three main neuroethical approaches: neurobioethics, empirical neuroethics, and conceptual neuroethics. Our focus is on conceptual approaches that generally emphasize the need to develop and use a methodological modus operandi for effectively linking scientific (i.e., neuroscience) and philosophical (i.e., ethics) interpretations. We explain and assess the value of conceptual neuroethics approaches and explain and defend one such approach that we propose as being particularly fruitful for addressing the various issues raised by neuroscience: fundamental neuroethics.

Keywords
neuroethics, ethics, philosophy, neuroscience
National Category
Ethics Philosophy Neurology
Research subject
Ethics; Bioethics; Neuroscience; Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-360367 (URN)10.1017/S0963180118000208 (DOI)
Projects
The human brain project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 720270
Available from: 2018-09-12 Created: 2018-09-12 Last updated: 2018-10-08Bibliographically approved
Salles, A., Evers, K. & Farisco, M. (2018). Neuroethics and Philosophy in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of the Human Brain Project. Neuroethics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroethics and Philosophy in Responsible Research and Innovation: The Case of the Human Brain Project
2018 (English)In: Neuroethics, ISSN 1874-5490, E-ISSN 1874-5504Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) is an important ethical, legal, and political theme for the European Commission. Although variously defined, it is generally understood as an interactive process that engages social actors, researchers, and innovators who must be mutually responsive and work towards the ethical permissibility of the relevant research and its products. The framework of RRI calls for contextually addressing not just research and innovation impact but also the background research process, specially the societal visions underlying it and the norms and priorities that shape scientific agendas. This requires the integration of anticipatory, inclusive, and responsive dimensions, and the nurturing of a certain type of reflexivity among a variety of stakeholders, from scientists to funders. In this paper, we do not address potential limitations but focus on the potential contribution of philosophical reflection to RRI in the context of the Ethics and Society subproject of the Human Brain Project (HBP). We show how the type of conceptual analysis provided by philosophically oriented approaches theoretically and ethically broadens research and innovation within the HBP. We further suggest that overt inclusion of philosophical reflection can promote the aims and objectives of RRI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2018
Keywords
RRI, Human Identity, Consciousness, Poverty, Brain, Neuroethics
National Category
Ethics Philosophy Medical Ethics
Research subject
Bioethics; Neuroscience
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354023 (URN)10.1007/s12152-018-9372-9 (DOI)
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 720270 (HBP SGA1) and 785907 (HBP SGA2)
Available from: 2018-06-18 Created: 2018-06-18 Last updated: 2018-09-26Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. (2018). Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina. In: Johnson S. Rommelfanger K (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics: . Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Neuroethics in Context: The Development of the Discipline in Argentina
2018 (English)In: The Routledge Handbook of Neuroethics / [ed] Johnson S. Rommelfanger K, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

At present, the impact of scientific research and the effects of neurotechnology on human beings not only as biological beings but also as moral beings is increasingly felt in medicine and the humanities. It is reasonable to think that the future will bring even more ways of knowing, modifying, healing, and possibly enhancing the brain thus challenging our intuitions about who we are and how we act - or should act. Neuroethics attempts to both offer a collective response to the ethical issues that rapidly developing science raises, and to find new answers to age-old philosophical questions. This discipline is not as established in Argentina as it is in the United States and some European nations, but the unique historic-cultural and academic landscape of Argentina suggests promises for neuroethics to deliver original results if/when this development occurs. Here, I  briefly explain some of the neuroethical concerns that attract more attention locally and I make explicit some of the salient topics and challenges shaping neuroethics in Argentina. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2018
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317429 (URN)9781138898295 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-14 Created: 2017-03-14 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2017). Proactive Epigenesis and Ethics [Letter to the editor]. EMBO Reports, 18(8), 1271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Proactive Epigenesis and Ethics
2017 (English)In: EMBO Reports, ISSN 1469-221X, E-ISSN 1469-3178, Vol. 18, no 8, p. 1271-Article in journal, Letter (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

A recent article by Kathinka Evers and Jean Pierre Changeux offers a new approach to the issue of moral change. They propose proactive epigenesis as a tool to communicate and establish social and ethical norms in education and upbringing so as to build better societies. In this short commentary I explain their view and then identify and explain some of the normative issues raised by their proposal. In particular, I  focus on some moral claims they make that raise deep questions about justification and frameworks and thus require further discussion. Based on my analysis, I propose that the authors themselves further develop their views and elaborate on the specifically moral issues raised by their proposal and hope that their joint work on this issue inspires empirical and theoretical research from disciplines such as moral philosophy, pedagogy, and social science to further examine proactive epigenesis and the possibilities it opens for addressing moral improvement.

Keywords
ethics, normativity, neural epigenesis
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334550 (URN)10.15252/embr.201744697 (DOI)000406716000003 ()
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020
Available from: 2017-11-23 Created: 2017-11-23 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. (2017). Salud reproductiva, legislación y opciones de maternidad [Review]. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, 10(1), 248-251
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Salud reproductiva, legislación y opciones de maternidad
2017 (English)In: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics, ISSN 1937-4585, E-ISSN 1937-4577, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 248-251Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UNIV TORONTO PRESS INC, 2017
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321565 (URN)000398812500013 ()
Note

Title in WoS: Reproductive health, legislation and motherhood options

Available from: 2017-05-08 Created: 2017-05-08 Last updated: 2017-05-08Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. & Evers, K. (2017). Social Neuroscience and Neuroethics: A Fruitful Synergy. In: A. Ibáñez et al. (eds.) (Ed.), Neuroscience and Social Science: The Missing Link: (pp. 531-546). Springer
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Neuroscience and Neuroethics: A Fruitful Synergy
2017 (English)In: Neuroscience and Social Science: The Missing Link / [ed] A. Ibáñez et al. (eds.), Springer, 2017, p. 531-546Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Social neuroscience is shedding new light on the relationship between the brain and its environments. In the process, and despite criticism from the social sciences, the field is contributing to the discussion of long-standing controversies concerning, for example, the "nature-nurture" distinction and the relationships between social and neurobiological structures.

In this chapter, we argue that in this endeavor social neuroscience would benefit from partnering with neuroethics insofar as their respective areas and methods of explanation are complementary rather than in competition. We provide a richer account of neuroethics than the one given in social neuroscientists' common descriptions of that field and suggest that, when understood in this richer (and in our view more adequate) fashion, neuroethics may open up productive avenues for research and play a key role in allowing us to determine social neuroscience's contribution to unveiling important epistemological as well as ontological notions. Accordingly, social neuroscience and neuroethics may form a constructive partnership.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2017
National Category
Neurology Social Psychology
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-334288 (URN)10.1007/978-3-319-68421-5_22 (DOI)978-3-319-68420-8 (ISBN)978-3-319-68421-5 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-11-22 Created: 2017-11-22 Last updated: 2017-11-27Bibliographically approved
Farisco, M., Evers, K. & Salles, A. (2016). Big Science, Brain Simulation and Neuroethics. AJOB Neuroscience, 7(1), 28-30
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Big Science, Brain Simulation and Neuroethics
2016 (English)In: AJOB Neuroscience, ISSN 2150-7740, E-ISSN 2150-7759, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 28-30Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We believe that it is valuable to investigate conceptual understandings of the brain andof simulation in order to better grasp the ethical implicationsof simulation technology in particular. Such conceptualexamination is offered by fundamental neuroethics. Inthis commentary we propose a reading of simulationwithin the framework of fundamental neuroethics.

Keywords
Brain, Ethics, Neuroscience, Philosophy
National Category
Neurology Medical Ethics Ethics Philosophy
Research subject
Neuroscience; Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-282542 (URN)10.1080/21507740.2015.1135834 (DOI)
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 604102
Available from: 2016-04-05 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2017-04-24Bibliographically approved
Salles, A. (2016). Brain Imaging and Privacy Concerns. In: Farisco Michele & Evers Kathinka (Ed.), Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication: (pp. 143-157). Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brain Imaging and Privacy Concerns
2016 (English)In: Neurotechnology and Direct Brain Communication / [ed] Farisco Michele & Evers Kathinka, Routledge, 2016, p. 143-157Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In this chapter, the author highlights some efforts to approach the issue of functional neuro-imaging and its possible threat to privacy in the neuroethics literature. Two main approaches or strategies are usually used in the discussion: the first strategy consists in a description and discussion of what neuro-imaging can and cannot do with a focus on the technical and methodological problems that bedevil the technology. The second strategy focuses on the metaphysical assumptions about the mind underlying concerns on the subject of neuro-imaging and mental privacy. Sometimes these two strategies are used jointly. There is a third strategy, less common in the neuroethics literature, that brackets technical, methodological, and metaphysical issues to put the focus on the discussion of normative questions. The questions raised are: why would neuroimaging’s impinging on privacy be problematic? What is valuable about mental privacy? Would it be morally undesirable to have less of it? My main aim is to outline the first two strategies clarifying their implications for the privacy debate, and then focus more on the third. I end by proposing to expand the normative discussion to incorporate some of the issues raised by a recent account of privacy as contextual integrity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317223 (URN)9781138851672 (ISBN)9781315723983 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2016). Sobre la neuroetica. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia, 42
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sobre la neuroetica
2016 (Spanish)In: Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia, ISSN 0325-0725, Vol. 42Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [es]

Introduction to a special issue devoted to neuroethics. This article provides an overview of the main issues raised by recent neuroscientific advances and the different approaches used to understand and discuss them. 

National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317216 (URN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
Salles, A. (2015). La neurociencia y la identidad: un debate abierto. In: César Ortega Esquembre Andrés Richart Piqueras Víctor Páramo Valero Christian Ruíz Rubio (Ed.), El Mejoramiento Humano: (pp. 57-67). Editorial Comares
Open this publication in new window or tab >>La neurociencia y la identidad: un debate abierto
2015 (Spanish)In: El Mejoramiento Humano / [ed] César Ortega Esquembre Andrés Richart Piqueras Víctor Páramo Valero Christian Ruíz Rubio, Editorial Comares, 2015, p. 57-67Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [es]

Large brain projects worldwide, such as the American BRAIN initiative and the European Human Brain Project, are generating vigorous moral discussions on a number of topics. They range from how responsible research should be carried out and how to ethically use the findings, to critical questions about the impact of neuroscientific findings on human lives in general and subjective human experiences in particular. One important concern that has been voiced is that advances in brain research can potentially threaten human identity either by substantially altering it or by directly undermining it. In this paper, the author identifies and presents some of these identity related concerns. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Editorial Comares, 2015
National Category
Humanities
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-317222 (URN)9788490453643 (ISBN)
Available from: 2017-03-11 Created: 2017-03-11 Last updated: 2017-04-24
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