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Østigård, Terje
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Østigård, T. & Kaliff, A. (2020). Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Likbrud og dødsbryllup: Sjelen, sykdommer ogoldnordiske gravskikker
2020 (Norwegian)Book (Other academic)
Abstract [no]

Døden og gravmaterial har definert arkeologifaget som disiplin siden tidenes morgen, men selv i den antikvariske samtiden ble etnologi og folklore i liten grad brukt som kilde til kunnskap om forhistorien og oldnordiske gravskikker. De fleste gravstudier har derfor ikke analysert dødens essens: sjelens substans. Gjennom en religionsvitenskapelig forståelse av etnologi og folklore presenteres en ny arkeologisk analyse av Nordens forhistoriske gravmaterial og døden som fenomen. En studie av sjelens substans må bokstavelig talt trenge inn i hjernen, beinmargen, blodet og skjelettet, som er menneskets åndelige essens, og inn i kvinnens livmor hvor sjelen skapes og fødes. Sjelene til forfedrene kroppsligjorde seg som alver, vetter og andre åndelige vesener. Den sjelelige essens i fysisk substans var også kosmologisk kraft, som kunne brukes og misbrukes, og derfor er dette også en berettelse om sykdom og trolldom. Medisinsk kannibalisme og bruk av de døde og døden var et effektivt beskyttelsesmiddel og den sterkeste medisin i tradisjonell legekunst. I den forhistoriske medisinhistorien var sykdom direkte og personlige angrep av ulike forfedre, som levde misfornøyde i en hinsidig tilværelse i ny kroppslig form. Sjelene kunne ta utallige former som ulike vetter, noen gode og andre onde, men en ting var sikkert: De ville komme tilbake til de levende, og de var farlige for de gjenlevende. Slekten definerte de døde og de døde definerte slekten. Dødsbryllup forente derfor ikke bare de levende og døde, men også fremtidige familier og slekter av forfedre, og sentralt i denne kosmologien var de store årtidsfestivaler, som kulminerte med den tradisjonelle julefeiringen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2020. p. 315
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 69
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-399078 (URN)978-91-506-2796-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-12-12 Created: 2019-12-12 Last updated: 2020-05-11Bibliographically approved
Østigård, T. (2018). Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen. Uppsala: Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Nilens livgivende vann: Ritualer og religioner fra kildene til den egyptiske sivilisasjonen
2018 (Norwegian)Book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2018. p. 199
Series
Occasional papers in archaeology, ISSN 1100-6358 ; 67
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354557 (URN)978-91-506-2712-1 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-08-03 Created: 2018-06-20 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved
Østigård, T. (2018). Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs [Review]. Antiquity, 92(362), 549-551
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs
2018 (English)In: Antiquity, ISSN 0003-598X, E-ISSN 1745-1744, Vol. 92, no 362, p. 549-551Article, book review (Other academic) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, 2018
National Category
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357486 (URN)10.15184/aqy.2018.44 (DOI)000430834300042 ()
Note

Book review: Jason O'Donoughue. Water from stone: archaeology and conservation at Florida's springs. 2017. Gainesville: University Press of Florida; 978-1-6834-0009-7

Available from: 2018-08-23 Created: 2018-08-23 Last updated: 2018-08-23Bibliographically approved
Kaliff, A. & Østigård, T. (2017). Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cremation, Corpses and Cannibalism: Comparative Cosmologies and Centuries of Cosmic Consumption
2017 (English)Book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Death matters and the matters of death are initially, and to a large extent, the decaying flesh of the corpse. Cremation as a ritual practice is the fastest and most optimal way of dissolving the corpse’s flesh, either by annihilation or purification, or a combination. Still, cremation was not the final rite, and the archaeological record testifies that the dead represented a means to other ends – the flesh, and not the least the bones – have been incorporated in a wide range of other ritual contexts. While human sacrifices and cannibalism as ritual phenomena are much discussed in anthropology, archaeology has an advantage, since the actual bone material leaves traces of ritual practices that are unseen and unheard of in the contemporary world. As such, this book fleshes out a broader and more coherent understanding of prehistoric religions and funeral practices in Scandinavia by focusing on cremation, corpses and cannibalism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2017. p. 202
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348708 (URN)978-1-4438-8173-9 (ISBN)
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2018-04-17 Last updated: 2018-05-31Bibliographically approved
Østigård, T. (2017). Holy water: the works of water in defining and understanding holiness. Wine Economics and Policy, 4(3), Article ID UNSP e1205.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Holy water: the works of water in defining and understanding holiness
2017 (English)In: Wine Economics and Policy, ISSN 1934-5070, E-ISSN 2049-1948, Vol. 4, no 3, article id UNSP e1205Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Holy water has a central role in shaping the understanding and beliefs of holiness in general, but how does holy water work, and what defines holy water? By analyzing holy water in three different religious traditions-Christianity in Northern Europe, Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, and Hinduism-the aim is to discuss the metaphysical essence of water in human understanding and ideas of holiness embodied in water. On the one hand, holy water represents purity and has to be protected from defilement, but on the other hand, many holy rivers are severely polluted. This seeming paradox will be analyzed by focusing on actual beliefs and uses of holy water in ritual and religious practices. Holy water transmits purity and holiness, but it also transfers, transports, and transforms impurities. In the process of obtaining spiritual purity, devotees may pollute the holy because holy water is believed to have a divine agency. By comparing ritual practices and beliefs in three distinct religious traditions in Europe, Africa, and Asia, it is possible to enhance the understanding of the ways holiness and holy water are perceived to work in cultural-specific religious worldviews based on essential capacities of water cross-culturally. This directs the attention to the structuring mechanisms at work because water is conceptualized and used as holy in remarkably similar ways in many religions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY, 2017
National Category
History and Archaeology Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-321797 (URN)10.1002/wat2.1205 (DOI)000399330500003 ()
Available from: 2017-05-11 Created: 2017-05-11 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
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