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Guerrero, Manuel, Dr.ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2405-8883
Biography [eng]

Manuel Guerrero Antequera is a sociologist and bioethicist with extensive experience in human rights. He holds Postgraduate Diploma in Medical Ethics and Research Ethics, and a PhD in Sociology. He is Assistant Professor in bioethics at the Department of Bioethics and Medical Humanities in the Faculty of Medicine and of ethics at the Center for the Study of Applied Ethics in the Faculty of Philosophy and Humanities at the University of Chile. He works as Research Coordinator at the Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, in the Division of Neurogeriatrics at the Karolinska Institutet.

He is staying at the CRB as a Visiting Researcher, as part of the Neuroethics and Neurophilosophy research team, and associated with the Human Brain Project (HBP), where he is part of the Neuroethics and Philosophy work package, and task leader for the Ethics Rapporteur Programme.

His research interests combine philosophy, social sciences and neuroethics, with focus on the ethical and social implications of brain research and neurotechnologies.

E-mail: manuel.guerrero@crb.uu.se

Mobile: +46 704 34 74 21

Biography [swe]

Manuel Guerrero Antequera är chilensk sociolog och bioetiker. Han är gästforskare i CRBs neuroetikgrupp och arbetar även inom Human Brain Project.

E-post: manuel.guerrero@crb.uu.se
Mobil: 0704 34 74 21

Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Stahl, B. C., Akintoye, S., Fothergill, T., Guerrero, M., Knight, W. & Ulnicane, I. (2019). Beyond Research Ethics: Dialogues in Neuro-ICT Research. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13, Article ID 105.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Research Ethics: Dialogues in Neuro-ICT Research
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2019 (English)In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 13, article id 105Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The increasing use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) to help facilitate neuroscience adds a new level of complexity to the question of how ethical issues of such research can be identified and addressed. Current research ethics practice, based on ethics reviews by institutional review boards (IRB) and underpinned by ethical principlism, has been widely criticized. In this article, we develop an alternative way of approaching ethics in neuro-ICT research, based on discourse ethics, which implements Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) through dialogues. We draw on our work in Ethics Support, using the Human Brain Project (HBP) as empirical evidence of the viability of this approach.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2019
Keywords
ethics, IRB, review, ethics support, discourse, human brain project, discourse ethics
National Category
Neurosciences Ethics Medical Ethics
Research subject
Neuroscience; Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-380841 (URN)10.3389/fnhum.2019.00105 (DOI)000462840400001 ()30983981 (PubMedID)
Projects
Human Brain Project
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 720270; 785907; 650003
Note

Author Contributions: BS led the development of the ethics support work package and processes, wrote the first draft of the article and coordinated the contributions. SA worked on legal review and data protection and was part of the ethics check process. BF led the data governance and was involved in compliance management. MG led the ethics rapporteur programme and the PORE process. WK led the ethics compliance process. IU led the ethics awareness work. All authors worked closely together on the work described in the article. All have contributed to the text related to their area of expertise and contributed to the overall article, including through reviews and revision of earlier drafts.

Funding: This project/research has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation under the Specific Grant Agreement No. 720270 (HBP SGA1); No. 785907 (Human Brain Project SGA2) and under the Framework Partnership Agreement No. 650003 (HBP FPA).

Available from: 2019-04-01 Created: 2019-04-01 Last updated: 2019-04-17Bibliographically approved
Guerrero, M., Del Villar, M. S., Hau, B. & Johansson, M. T. (2019). Professions and Profiles: Epistemic Communities and the Registration of Human Rights Violations. In: Palgrave Macmillan (Ed.), Resistance to Political Violence in Latin America: Documenting Atrocity (pp. 79-115). Cham: Palgrave Macmillan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Professions and Profiles: Epistemic Communities and the Registration of Human Rights Violations
2019 (English)In: Resistance to Political Violence in Latin America: Documenting Atrocity / [ed] Palgrave Macmillan, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 79-115Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on the critical service provided by lawyers and social workers of the Comité and Vicaría’s Legal Department in their work with relatives and direct victims of political repression. Based on archival documentation, secondary literature, and interviews with former staff members, it explores how these professions and their respective epistemes supported those persecuted by the regime. It argues that an interdisciplinary style of working emerged, and was sustained over a nineteen-year period, by a professional community that gave practical form to the Catholic Church’s desire to protect and foster human dignity. The chapter demonstrates that this work was sustained by a combination of professional acumen; a substantial degree of professional innovation in the face of an urgent and uncertain situation; an amount of political, community, and trades union organisational skill and experience, and the adoption of a humanitarian ethos that drew no distinctions of class, origin, or political affiliation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019
Keywords
epistemic communities, archival documentation, communities of practice, human rights, Chile
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology; History of Sciences and Ideas; History
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388936 (URN)10.1007/978-3-030-17046-2_4 (DOI)978-3-030-17045-5 (ISBN)978-3-030-17046-2 (ISBN)
Projects
CONICYT-PCI/DPI 20140048
Available from: 2019-07-08 Created: 2019-07-08 Last updated: 2019-07-08
Salles, A., Bjaalie, J., Evers, K., Farisco, M., Fothergill, T., Guerrero, M., . . . Amunts, K. (2019). The Human Brain Project: Responsible Brain Research for the Benefit of Society. Neuron, 101(3), 380-384
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Human Brain Project: Responsible Brain Research for the Benefit of Society
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2019 (English)In: Neuron, ISSN 0896-6273, E-ISSN 1097-4199, Vol. 101, no 3, p. 380-384Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Keywords
neuroethics, brain research, consciousness, dual use
National Category
Neurosciences
Research subject
Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-376703 (URN)DOI:10.1016/j.neuron.2019.01.005 (DOI)000457856700010 ()30731062 (PubMedID)
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 785907
Available from: 2019-02-08 Created: 2019-02-08 Last updated: 2019-02-28Bibliographically approved
Guerrero, M. (2016). Cuando la población se hace parte de la producción social de la violencia : el caso de la colaboración mediante denuncias (1ed.). In: Ximena Póo (Ed.), La dictadura de los sumarios (1974-1985): Universidad de Chile intervenida: (pp. 171-194). Chile: Editorial Universitaria S.A.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cuando la población se hace parte de la producción social de la violencia : el caso de la colaboración mediante denuncias
2016 (Spanish)In: La dictadura de los sumarios (1974-1985): Universidad de Chile intervenida / [ed] Ximena Póo, Chile: Editorial Universitaria S.A. , 2016, 1, p. 171-194Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [es]

Uno de los temas que emerge con fuerza de la revisión de los archivos y sumarios administrativos aplicados durante la intervención de la dictadura militara la Universidad de Chile, es la participación de académicos, funcionarios yestudiantes que denunciaron a sus colegas o compañeros. En el contexto de loque fueron los meses y años inmediatamente posteriores al golpe de Estado del11 de septiembre de 1973, ser denunciado ante las nuevas autoridades –que sehicieron del poder mediante el uso de la violencia como recurso–, implicaba serobjeto de vigilancia y expulsión, y algunos casos de detención e incluso ejecucióno desaparición forzada. Este escrito explora la lógica de la colaboración civil enlos contextos generados por la violencia, poniendo atención, con apoyo en au-tores que han trabajado estas dinámicas, en las prácticas de denuncia. Contarcon elementos de análisis que permitan examinar este tópico poco estudiadoresulta de vital importancia para comprender parte de la lógica mayor que ope-ra en el Terrorismo de Estado, pues la colaboración vía denuncias es uno de losmodos en que la población se hace parte de la producciónsocial de la violencia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chile: Editorial Universitaria S.A., 2016 Edition: 1
Keywords
sociology, violence
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388189 (URN)978-956-11-2527-8 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved
Valenzuela, S., Aliaga, V., Burdiles, P., Carvallo, A., Díaz, E., Guerrero, M., . . . Valenzuela, C. (2015). Reflexiones en torno a la ley N° 20.584 y sus implicancias para la investigación biomédica en Chile. Revista Médica de Chile, 143(1)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Reflexiones en torno a la ley N° 20.584 y sus implicancias para la investigación biomédica en Chile
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2015 (Spanish)In: Revista Médica de Chile, ISSN 0034-9887, Vol. 143, no 1Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

After years of discussion by the Chilean legislature, the Law Nº 20.584, which regulates health care related rights and duties of people, entered into force in Chile in October 2012. This bill represents an important step in the recognition and protection of health care related rights, welfare, dignity and duties of persons. It also intends to protect potential participants in clinical research. However, such protective measures include explicit prohibitions such as the review of clinical records or the inclusion of people with mental or psychological handicaps as research participants. We herein discuss the implications of this law in medical research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chile: , 2015
Keywords
biomedical research, research ethics, medical ethics, chile, jurisprudence
National Category
Medical Ethics
Research subject
Ethics; Public Law
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388186 (URN)10.4067/S0034-98872015000100012 (DOI)
Note

Translated title:

Considerations on the new Chilean law about rights and duties of patients

Available from: 2019-06-27 Created: 2019-06-27 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Guerrero, M. (2014). De víctimas a activistas expertos: Marco conceptual para el estudio del devenir militante en la configuración del campo de derechos humanos en el Chile actual. Meridional. Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos (2), 133-149
Open this publication in new window or tab >>De víctimas a activistas expertos: Marco conceptual para el estudio del devenir militante en la configuración del campo de derechos humanos en el Chile actual
2014 (Spanish)In: Meridional. Revista Chilena de Estudios Latinoamericanos, ISSN 0719-3734, no 2, p. 133-149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although the value assigned by the social sciences and the humanities to the human rights movement in Latin America as one of the explanatory elements for the transition from authoritarian governments to new democracies –and their consolidation– is noteworthy, not enough attention has been paid to the social conditions of production and reproduction over time of human rights activism, apart from a vague presupposition that a kinship relationship with victims of state terrorism would be at stake in the support and mobilisation of its members. Thus, militant commitment to the cause and collective action in this field appear as given, with the process of approach, entry, permanence, development, exit and eventual reincorporation –the “becoming militant” in the human rights movement– remaining uninvestigated. This paper aims to contribute to some key lines of access to this research field that allow us to overcome the "family model" matrix of understanding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Santiago, Chile: , 2014
Keywords
movimientos sociales, devenir militante, derechos humanos, memoria social, social movements, human rights, social memory, Chile
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-388973 (URN)10.5354/0719-4862.2014.30986 (DOI)
Note

Translated title:

From activists to experts: keys for the study of becoming militant in the configuration of the human right's field in contemporary Chile

Available from: 2019-07-09 Created: 2019-07-09 Last updated: 2019-08-16Bibliographically approved
Guerrero, M. (2008). Tras el exceso de la sociedad: Emancipación y disciplinamiento en el Chile actual. In: CLACSO Latin American Council of Social Sciences (Ed.), De los saberes de la emancipación y de la dominación: (pp. 261-282). CLACSO Latin American Council of Social Sciences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Tras el exceso de la sociedad: Emancipación y disciplinamiento en el Chile actual
2008 (Spanish)In: De los saberes de la emancipación y de la dominación / [ed] CLACSO Latin American Council of Social Sciences, CLACSO Latin American Council of Social Sciences, 2008, p. 261-282Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [es]

¿Qué ha sucedido? La tesis que sostendré es que la transición del régimen dictatorial al régimen democrático ha denotado un cambio radical en las estrategias respecto a los movimientos sociales y la acción colectiva con resonancia política, en la dirección a su incorporación vía institucionalización o desaparición vía marginación, como un mecanismo de disciplinamiento social de largo alcance necesario para la consolidación y profundización del modelo neoliberal en américa Latina. Esta política, distinta al tratamiento represivo del período anterior a la transición democrática, puede verse como la implementación de nuevas formas de control social que podríamos llamar de disciplinamiento democrático neoliberal, aspecto que eventualmente podría ser considerado como uno de los modos de operación característicos de las democracias de baja intensidad para frenar procesos de emancipación que puedan ponerlas en riesgo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CLACSO Latin American Council of Social Sciences, 2008
Keywords
movimientos sociales, control social, disciplinamiento social, transición democrática, dictadura, derechos humanos, chile
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-389374 (URN)978-987-1543-09-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2019-07-10 Created: 2019-07-10 Last updated: 2019-08-01Bibliographically approved
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0003-2405-8883