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Jarstad, Anna, ProfessorORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8048-1868
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Publications (10 of 41) Show all publications
Boulanger Martel, S. P., Jarstad, A., Olivius, E., Söderström, J., Zahar, M.-J. & Åkebo, M. (2024). Peace with Adjectives: Conceptual Fragmentation or Conceptual Innovation?. International Studies Review, 26(2)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peace with Adjectives: Conceptual Fragmentation or Conceptual Innovation?
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2024 (English)In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 26, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What strategies can be employed to conceptualize peace? In recent years, scholars have introduced an impressive array of “peace with adjectives” in order to make sense of some of the normative and empirical underpinnings of peace. Negative, positive, everyday, virtual, illiberal, partial, insecure, relational, emancipatory, agonistic, and feminist are some of the qualifiers that have been associated with the concept. While the growing attention to conceptualization is a welcomed development, we argue that the proliferation of new terms has led to increased fragmentation in the field of peace studies. Conceptual fragmentation impedes cumulative knowledge production and generates missed opportunities for fruitful discussions across theoretical and conceptual divides. In this article, we aim to provide more clarity to our field by mapping existing peace conceptualizations and identifying the strategies employed by scholars to construct innovative new terms. In our review, we identify 61 concepts and suggest that these conceptual innovations in peace research belong to one of three analytical strategies: developing diminished subtypes, conceptual narrowing, and conceptual expansion. Building on this categorization, we make recommendations for how peace researchers can enhance clarity and deepen constructive discussions between different conceptual approaches.

Abstract [es]

¿Qué estrategias se pueden utilizar para conceptualizar la paz? En los últimos años, los académicos han presentado una impresionante variedad de «paz acompañada de adjetivos» con el fin de dar sentido a algunos de los fundamentos normativos y empíricos de la paz. Algunos de los calificativos que se han asociado al concepto han sido: negativa, positiva, cotidiana, virtual, iliberal, parcial, insegura, relacional, emancipatoria, agonística y feminista. Si bien la creciente atención que se está prestando a la conceptualización es un desarrollo bienvenido, argumentamos que la proliferación de nuevos términos ha provocado una mayor fragmentación en el campo de los estudios de la paz. La fragmentación conceptual impide la producción acumulativa de conocimiento y provoca que se pierdan oportunidades para generar debates fructíferos a través de las divisiones teóricas y conceptuales. En este artículo pretendemos aportar más claridad a nuestro campo mediante el mapeo de las conceptualizaciones de paz existentes y la identificación de las estrategias que utilizan los académicos para construir nuevos términos innovadores. En nuestra revisión, identificamos 61 conceptos y sugerimos que estas innovaciones conceptuales dentro de la investigación en materia de la paz pertenecen a una de entre tres posibles estrategias analíticas: desarrollo de subtipos disminuidos, contracción conceptual y expansión conceptual. Partiendo de esta categorización, hacemos recomendaciones sobre cómo los investigadores en el campo de la paz pueden lograr una mejora con relación a la claridad y profundizar en los debates constructivos que se generan entre los diferentes enfoques conceptuales.

Abstract [fr]

Quelles stratégies employer pour conceptualiser la paix ? Ces dernières années, les chercheurs ont introduit un éventail impressionnant de « paix avec adjectifs » afin de faire sens de certains fondements normatifs et empiriques de la paix. Négative, positive, quotidienne, virtuelle, illibérale, partielle, précaire, relationnelle, émancipatrice, agnostique, féministe… Tous ces mots ont été employés pour qualifier ce concept. Bien que l'attention croissante à la conceptualisation soit une évolution bienvenue, nous affirmons que la prolifération de nouveaux termes a engendré une fragmentation croissante du domaine des études sur la paix. La fragmentation conceptuelle entrave la production de connaissances cumulatives et crée des occasions manquées de discussions productives par delà les divisions théoriques et conceptuelles. Dans cet article, nous cherchons à contribuer à plus de clarté dans notre domaine en retraçant les conceptualisations existantes de la paix et en identifiant les stratégies employées par les chercheurs pour créer de nouveaux termes innovants. Notre revue de la littérature identifie 61 concepts et suggère que ces innovations conceptuelles dans la recherche sur la paix appartiennent à l'une des trois stratégies analytiques suivantes : le développement de sous-types 'diminués', le rétrécissement conceptuel et l'expansion conceptuelle. En nous appuyant sur cette catégorisation, nous émettons des recommandations pour aider les chercheurs à être plus clairs et à approfondir les discussions constructives entre différentes approches conceptuelles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2024
Keywords
peace concepts, conceptualization, typology
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-526781 (URN)10.1093/isr/viae014 (DOI)001203623300001 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M160297:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P19-1494:1
Available from: 2024-04-18 Created: 2024-04-18 Last updated: 2024-05-02Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A., Söderström, J. & Åkebo, M. (Eds.). (2023). Relational peace practices. Manchester: Manchester University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Relational peace practices
2023 (English)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This book contributes to scholarly debates about what peace is and how it can be studied by developing a novel framework and tools for studying peace as relational. Drawing primarily on peace and conflict research and sociology, it defines relational peace as entailing non-domination, deliberation and cooperation between actors in a dyad, that the actors recognize and trust each other, and conceive their relationship as one between fellows or friends. The book provides tools for empirical studies of relational peace and applies the framework in several sites: Cyprus, Cambodia, South Africa, Abkhazia, Transnistria/Russia, Colombia, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and Myanmar. It shows how the framework can be applied across cases, actors, geographical locations, levels of analysis, types of data, and stages of peace processes. The book offers guidance on how to use the framework empirically with a variety of methods. Each case study in the book also makes unique contributions to specific literatures, such as civil-military relations, frozen peacebuilding, nation-building, mediation, arts-based peacebuilding initiatives, post-war elite studies, ideational analysis and post-Soviet studies and everyday peace. The book contributes with nuanced understandings of peace in particular settings and illustrates the multifaceted nature of peaceful relations. It shows how relationships are formed though repeated interactions, exchanges and practices. The book also demonstrates that studying how actors understand these relationships is key for analyzing the nature of peace and its dynamic and processual character. By depicting relational peace practices, the book expands the field of studying peace beyond the absence of war.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2023
Series
New Approaches to Conflict Analysis
Keywords
deliberation, cooperation, non-domination, trust, recognition, friendship, processual, practice, actor-centric, web of relations
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-502092 (URN)10.7765/9781526168979 (DOI)9781526168962 (ISBN)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1 and P19-1494:1
Available from: 2023-05-21 Created: 2023-05-21 Last updated: 2023-05-31
Söderström, J., Åkebo, M. & Jarstad, A. (2021). Friends, Fellows, and Foes: A New Framework for Studying Relational Peace. International Studies Review, 23(3), 484-508
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Friends, Fellows, and Foes: A New Framework for Studying Relational Peace
2021 (English)In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 484-508Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we suggest that taking a relational view of peace seriously is a fruitful avenue for expanding current theoretical frameworks surrounding peace as a concept. Paving the way for such an approach, this article conducts a review of the literature that takes on peace as a relational concept. We then return to how a relationship is conceptualized, before turning to how such components would be further defined in order to specify relational peace. Based on this framework, we argue that a peaceful relationship entails deliberation, non-domination, and cooperation between the actors in the dyad; the actors involved recognize and trust each other and believe that the relationship is either one between legitimate fellows or one between friends. The article clarifies the methodological implications of studying peace in this manner. It also demonstrates some of the advantages of this approach, as it shows how peace and war can coexist in webs of multiple interactions, and the importance of studying relations, and how actors understand these relationships, as a way of studying varieties of peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University PressOxford University Press (OUP), 2021
Keywords
relational peace, theoretical framework, cooperation, deliberation, non-domination, trust, recognition, friendship, fellowship
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research; Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-414406 (URN)10.1093/isr/viaa033 (DOI)000692558400002 ()
Projects
P19-1494:1 RJ, Varieties of Peace: A Relational Approach
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P19-1494:1
Available from: 2020-06-24 Created: 2020-06-24 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. (2021). Peace, Development, and the Unresolved Land Issue in South Africa. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 16(1), 107-111
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peace, Development, and the Unresolved Land Issue in South Africa
2021 (English)In: Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, ISSN 1542-3166, E-ISSN 2165-7440, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 107-111Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage PublicationsSAGE Publications, 2021
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-420409 (URN)10.1177/1542316620959289 (DOI)2-s2.0-85103912791 (Scopus ID)
Projects
P19-1494:1 RJVR 2013-06334
Available from: 2020-09-25 Created: 2020-09-25 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Ljungkvist, K. & Jarstad, A. (2021). Revisiting the local turn in peacebuilding: through the emerging urban approach. Third World Quarterly, 42(10), 2209-2226
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revisiting the local turn in peacebuilding: through the emerging urban approach
2021 (English)In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 42, no 10, p. 2209-2226Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, we revisit the 'local turn' debate in the peacebuilding literature, and explore its most recent and promising approach to 'the local', focussing on post-war cities and on urban dimensions of peacebuilding. There is still substantive contestation and frustration in the peacebuilding research field with regards to the conceptual fuzziness of 'the local', and with the continual failures of international interventions to actually take into account local perspectives, promote local agency and establish local ownership. In this article, we explore to what extent recent urban approaches to peacebuilding can help alleviate some of the conceptual problems that has persisted in the literature. We reflect on and raise questions about what a focus on cities and urban perspectives is contributing to the study of local peacebuilding more specifically. We suggest three facets of analytical added value: (1) an increased understanding of how the particularities of urban and rural space affects peacebuilding locally and potentially beyond; (2) how cities and urban space are interrelated with traditional territoriality; and (3) the methodological benefits of the city/urban as (local) analytical entry point. We also discuss potential pitfalls and limitations of urban approaches to peacebuilding, and identify prospective pathways for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
RoutledgeRoutledge, 2021
Keywords
urban peacebuilding, local turn, urbanisation, rural, post-war city
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Human Geography Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-468637 (URN)10.1080/01436597.2021.1929148 (DOI)000691510400001 ()
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, P19-1494:1Swedish Research Council, 2013-06334
Available from: 2022-03-01 Created: 2022-03-01 Last updated: 2024-01-15Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. & Segall, S. (2019). Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica. Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 4(2-3), 239-259
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica
2019 (English)In: Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, ISSN 2380-2014, E-ISSN 2379-9978, Vol. 4, no 2-3, p. 239-259Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

While previous research has focused on the conflicts and division in Mitrovica, Kosovo, the present article explores how peace and conflict are intertwined in the post-war city by focusing on sites where communities live side by side in an otherwise segregated city. A key finding is that the most conflictual residential areas in northern Mitrovica also are places where what we call peace acts, peace issues and peace perceptions are found. Our research suggests that even in spaces in the city where a history of violence is entrenched, the situation can seldom be reduced to be seen only as purely conflictual; rather, these ‘hotspots’ often prove to be spaces where reproduction of peace – however quotidian – also occurs at the same time. This points us to the complexity of the realities of peace, where remnants of war and potential for a co-existing peace often overlap and are sometimes intrinsically intertwined.

Keywords
peace, urban violence, post-war, Mitrovica, divided city
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-398143 (URN)10.1080/23802014.2019.1687012 (DOI)
Projects
Vetenskapsrådet, projekt 2013-633
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Sida - Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencySwedish Research Council, 2013-6334
Available from: 2019-12-02 Created: 2019-12-02 Last updated: 2020-12-08Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. & Nilsson, D. (2018). Making and keeping promises: regime type and powersharing pacts in peace agreements. Peace and Change, 43(2), 1-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making and keeping promises: regime type and powersharing pacts in peace agreements
2018 (English)In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Power sharing is increasingly recognized as an important tool forcreating sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, we have limitedknowledge concerning why political, territorial, and military power-sharingpacts are reached and implemented. This article addresses this gap by providinga global study examining the signing and implementation of powersharing pactsin intrastate armed conflicts. We focus on how the type of political regime caninfluence these choices and theorize about the strategic incentives for warringparties in different types of regimes to sign and implement different pacts.Our large-N analysis is based on data on power-sharing provisions in eighty-threepeace accords in forty intrastate armed conflicts between 1989 and 2004. Inline with our theoretical expectations, we find that political and militarypacts are more likely to be signed in autocracies, whereas territorial pactsare more common in democracies. Somewhat surprisingly, we find no difference inthe implementation patterns across regimes.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348360 (URN)10.1111/pech.12285 (DOI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Swedish Research Council, 2013-6334Swedish Research Council, 2014-03847
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2016). Democratization after Civil War: Timing and Sequencing of Peacebuilding Reforms. In: Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown (Ed.), Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding (pp. 87-109). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratization after Civil War: Timing and Sequencing of Peacebuilding Reforms
2016 (English)In: Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding / [ed] Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 87-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300837 (URN)978-0-19-875727-6 (ISBN)
Projects
Demokrati utifrån? Internationella interventioner i Afghanistan, Somalia, Sydafrika och Bosnien-Hercegovina
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-15
Ahlbäck Öberg, S., Bennich-Björkman, L., Hermansson, J., Jarstad, A., Karlsson, C. & Widmalm, S. (Eds.). (2016). Det hotade universitetet (1ed.). Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det hotade universitetet
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2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Under de drygt två hundra år som förflutit sedan det moderna forskningsuniversitetet såg dagens ljus i dåtida Preussen har vetenskap bevisligen gjort världen bättre. Fyra k:n – kunskap, kreativitet, kritikoch kollegialitet – har utgjort nyckeln till denna exempellösa framgång. Akademins framsteg har dock inte vilat på den demokratisk-politiska logik som genomsyrar dagens samhälle, utan på en parallell och alldeles egen verklighet där ett fritt sökande upprätthållits genom att forskare drivits av sitt engagemang och sin nyfikenhet. När denna anda får råda inom vetenskapen blir det också bra för samhället i stort. Men i det projektsamhälle som alltmer tar form och där tiden, resultaten och utvärderingen är centrala, framstår akademins och vetenskapens sätt att fungera som provocerande. Liksom stora delar av den offentliga verksamheten lever i dag akademin under trycket av kortsiktig resultatleverans.Hur kunde det bli så, och vad gör vi åt det?

Denna problematik är temat för Det hotade universitetet, som är redigerad och författad av engagerade forskare, tidigare universitetsrektorer och ämbetsmän som är förskräckta över en utveckling där djup kunskap, vildsint kreativitet, kritiska samtal och kollegialt ansvar kastas på sophögen. Denna utveckling kan inte, och får inte, fortsätta. Då rycker vi undan mattan för mänskliga framsteg och ett civiliserat samhälle. Det är hög tid att försvara de värden som akademin har stått för sedan lång tid tillbaka – inte för att de är traditionella, utan för att de är det modernaste vi har.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016. p. 282 Edition: 1
Keywords
universitetspolitik, högre utbildning, avkollegialisering, linjestyre, NPM, projektsamhälle, kollegialt styre
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274795 (URN)9789175042992 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. & Höglund, K. (2015). Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society. Third World Quarterly, 36(5), 967-984
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society
2015 (English)In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 967-984Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the narratives of survivors of violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and addresses the relationship between local violence, politics and agency in a post-conflict setting. In particular, the study advances an understanding of how local political violence serves to increase or decrease agency. In line with previous research on emotions and agency, our study suggests that fear and anxiety encourage risk avoidance and have a pacifying effect on survivors of violence. It also indicates that anger and enthusiasm are emotions experienced by those who have a strong sense of agency and have become politically mobilised after violence. The study contributes to the debate on local capacity for peacebuilding and democracy by showing how local agency is affected by violence and how survivors of violence can become agents of change through politics.

Keywords
agency, local violence, peacebuilding, South Africa, post-conflict societies
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257030 (URN)10.1080/01436597.2015.1030385 (DOI)000355794100010 ()
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilRiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2015-06-30 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2020-06-26Bibliographically approved
Projects
Democratization and Reconciliation in Post-Intrastate Conflict Situations; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research​Dilemmas in nation building: political integration and ethnic identities in Cyprus; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research​Dilemmas of Democratization in Post-War Societies; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Jarstad, A. K. & Sisk, T. D. (Eds.). (2008). From war to democracy: dilemmas of peacebuilding (1ed.).
Conflict and Democracy Program; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchInternational Responses to Crisis in Kosovo: Crisis Management in a War-Shattered Society; Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research; Publications
Höglund, K. (2007). Managing Violent Crisis: Swedish Peacekeeping and the 2004 Ethnic Violence in Kosovo. International Peacekeeping, 14(3), 403-417Jarstad, A. (2007). To Share or to Divide?: Negotiating the Future of Kosovo. Civil Wars, 9(3)
​Power Sharing after Civil War; Uppsala University; Publications
Jarstad, A. K. & Nilsson, D. (2008). From words to deeds: the implementation of power-sharing pacts in peace accords. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 25(3), 206-223Jarstad, A. & Sundberg, R. (2006). Peace by Pact: The Theory and Data of Peace Agreement Implementation. In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006: . Jarstad, A. & Nilsson, D. (2006). Political Pacts- No Promise of Peace?: no promise of peace. In: Paper prepared for the 2006 Conference on Globalization and Peacebuilding, arranged by the Swedish Network of Peace, Conflict and Development Research, Uppsala, 6–8 November 2006, and for the 40th Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society, Columbus, Ohio, 10–12 November 2006.: . Jarstad, A. (2006). The logic of power sharing after civil war. In: Paper prepared for the workshop on Power-sharing and Democratic Governance in Divided Society, Center for the Study of Civil War, PRIO, Oslo, Norway, 21–22 August 2006.: .
Local Peace Agreements: The Road to Peace and Democracy in KwaZulu Natal? [P09-0365:1-E_RJ]; Uppsala UniversityIntroducing democracy from the outside? International interventions in Afghanistan, Somalia, South Africa and Bosnia and Hercegovina [2013-06334_VR]; Uppsala UniversityVarieties of Peace [M16-0297:1_RJ]; Umeå University; Publications
Boulanger Martel, S. P., Jarstad, A., Olivius, E., Söderström, J., Zahar, M.-J. & Åkebo, M. (2024). Peace with Adjectives: Conceptual Fragmentation or Conceptual Innovation?. International Studies Review, 26(2)Söderström, J., Åkebo, M. & Jarstad, A. (2021). Friends, Fellows, and Foes: A New Framework for Studying Relational Peace. International Studies Review, 23(3), 484-508Jarstad, A. (2021). Peace, Development, and the Unresolved Land Issue in South Africa. Journal of Peacebuilding and Development, 16(1), 107-111Jarstad, A. & Segall, S. (2019). Grasping the empirical realities of peace in post-war northern Mitrovica. Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 4(2-3), 239-259
Organisations
Identifiers
ORCID iD: ORCID iD iconorcid.org/0000-0001-8048-1868

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