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Jarstad, Anna
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Publications (10 of 34) Show all publications
Jarstad, A. & Nilsson, D. (2018). Making and keeping promises: regime type and powersharing pacts in peace agreements. Peace and Change, 43(2), 1-27
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making and keeping promises: regime type and powersharing pacts in peace agreements
2018 (English)In: Peace and Change, ISSN 0149-0508, E-ISSN 1468-0130, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 1-27Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Power sharing is increasingly recognized as an important tool forcreating sustainable peace in war-torn societies. However, we have limitedknowledge concerning why political, territorial, and military power-sharingpacts are reached and implemented. This article addresses this gap by providinga global study examining the signing and implementation of powersharing pactsin intrastate armed conflicts. We focus on how the type of political regime caninfluence these choices and theorize about the strategic incentives for warringparties in different types of regimes to sign and implement different pacts.Our large-N analysis is based on data on power-sharing provisions in eighty-threepeace accords in forty intrastate armed conflicts between 1989 and 2004. Inline with our theoretical expectations, we find that political and militarypacts are more likely to be signed in autocracies, whereas territorial pactsare more common in democracies. Somewhat surprisingly, we find no difference inthe implementation patterns across regimes.

National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348360 (URN)10.1111/pech.12285 (DOI)
Funder
Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, M16-0297:1Swedish Research Council, 2013-6334Swedish Research Council, 2014-03847
Available from: 2018-04-12 Created: 2018-04-12 Last updated: 2018-04-12Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2016). Democratization after Civil War: Timing and Sequencing of Peacebuilding Reforms. In: Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown (Ed.), Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding (pp. 87-109). Oxford: Oxford University Press
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Democratization after Civil War: Timing and Sequencing of Peacebuilding Reforms
2016 (English)In: Building Sustainable Peace: Timing and Sequencing of Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Peacebuilding / [ed] Arnim Langer and Graham K. Brown, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, p. 87-109Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016
National Category
Political Science
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-300837 (URN)978-0-19-875727-6 (ISBN)
Projects
Demokrati utifrån? Internationella interventioner i Afghanistan, Somalia, Sydafrika och Bosnien-Hercegovina
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2016-08-15 Created: 2016-08-15 Last updated: 2016-08-15
Ahlbäck Öberg, S., Bennich-Björkman, L., Hermansson, J., Jarstad, A., Karlsson, C. & Widmalm, S. (Eds.). (2016). Det hotade universitetet (1ed.). Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Det hotade universitetet
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2016 (Swedish)Collection (editor) (Refereed)
Abstract [sv]

Under de drygt två hundra år som förflutit sedan det moderna forskningsuniversitetet såg dagens ljus i dåtida Preussen har vetenskap bevisligen gjort världen bättre. Fyra k:n – kunskap, kreativitet, kritikoch kollegialitet – har utgjort nyckeln till denna exempellösa framgång. Akademins framsteg har dock inte vilat på den demokratisk-politiska logik som genomsyrar dagens samhälle, utan på en parallell och alldeles egen verklighet där ett fritt sökande upprätthållits genom att forskare drivits av sitt engagemang och sin nyfikenhet. När denna anda får råda inom vetenskapen blir det också bra för samhället i stort. Men i det projektsamhälle som alltmer tar form och där tiden, resultaten och utvärderingen är centrala, framstår akademins och vetenskapens sätt att fungera som provocerande. Liksom stora delar av den offentliga verksamheten lever i dag akademin under trycket av kortsiktig resultatleverans.Hur kunde det bli så, och vad gör vi åt det?

Denna problematik är temat för Det hotade universitetet, som är redigerad och författad av engagerade forskare, tidigare universitetsrektorer och ämbetsmän som är förskräckta över en utveckling där djup kunskap, vildsint kreativitet, kritiska samtal och kollegialt ansvar kastas på sophögen. Denna utveckling kan inte, och får inte, fortsätta. Då rycker vi undan mattan för mänskliga framsteg och ett civiliserat samhälle. Det är hög tid att försvara de värden som akademin har stått för sedan lång tid tillbaka – inte för att de är traditionella, utan för att de är det modernaste vi har.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag, 2016. p. 282 Edition: 1
Keyword
universitetspolitik, högre utbildning, avkollegialisering, linjestyre, NPM, projektsamhälle, kollegialt styre
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-274795 (URN)9789175042992 (ISBN)
Available from: 2016-01-26 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2017-05-11Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. & Höglund, K. (2015). Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society. Third World Quarterly, 36(5), 967-984
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Local violence and politics in KwaZulu-Natal: perceptions of agency in a post-conflict society
2015 (English)In: Third World Quarterly, ISSN 0143-6597, E-ISSN 1360-2241, Vol. 36, no 5, p. 967-984Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the narratives of survivors of violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and addresses the relationship between local violence, politics and agency in a post-conflict setting. In particular, the study advances an understanding of how local political violence serves to increase or decrease agency. In line with previous research on emotions and agency, our study suggests that fear and anxiety encourage risk avoidance and have a pacifying effect on survivors of violence. It also indicates that anger and enthusiasm are emotions experienced by those who have a strong sense of agency and have become politically mobilised after violence. The study contributes to the debate on local capacity for peacebuilding and democracy by showing how local agency is affected by violence and how survivors of violence can become agents of change through politics.

Keyword
agency, local violence, peacebuilding, South Africa, post-conflict societies
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-257030 (URN)10.1080/01436597.2015.1030385 (DOI)000355794100010 ()
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilRiksbankens Jubileumsfond
Available from: 2015-06-30 Created: 2015-06-29 Last updated: 2017-12-04Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2014). Costly democracy: peacebuilding and democratization after war, edited by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, and Nora Roehner, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2013, 189 pp., index, £24.99 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8047-8197-8 [Review]. Democratization, 21(7), 1351-1352
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Costly democracy: peacebuilding and democratization after war, edited by Christoph Zürcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, and Nora Roehner, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2013, 189 pp., index, £24.99 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8047-8197-8
2014 (English)In: Democratization, ISSN 1351-0347, E-ISSN 1743-890X, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 1351-1352Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236571 (URN)10.1080/13510347.2014.940905 (DOI)000346237900010 ()
Projects
Democracy from the outside?/Demokrati utifrån?
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-11-19 Created: 2014-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2014). Unpacking Friction in Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan. Peacebuilding, 1(3), 381-396
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unpacking Friction in Security Sector Reform in Afghanistan
2014 (English)In: Peacebuilding, ISSN 2164-7259, E-ISSN 2164-7267, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 381-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Afghanistan, peacebuilding is conducted in parallel to the military involvement. This article unpacks some of the frictional encounters that emerge during efforts to promote local ownership of the security sector reform which seeks to prepare Afghan actors for taking full responsibility for security from 2014. It contributes to the research field both empirically by shedding light on the insider attacks in the context of police training, and theoretically by developing the challenges of local ownership in relation to international support to institutional reconstruction. The outcomes of these frictional encounters include a lowering of the ambition of the international engagement to ‘Afghan good enough’, an orphaned peace process, and an uneasy coexistence of informal and formal security organisations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2014
Keyword
peace operation, international intervention, local ownership, security sector reform, Afghanistan
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236573 (URN)10.1080/21647259.2013.813179 (DOI)
Available from: 2014-11-19 Created: 2014-11-19 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2013). När kan demokratisering leda till krig?. In: Li Bennich-Björkman (Ed.), Statsvetenskapens frågor (pp. 84-92). Lund: Studentlitteratur
Open this publication in new window or tab >>När kan demokratisering leda till krig?
2013 (Swedish)In: Statsvetenskapens frågor / [ed] Li Bennich-Björkman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 84-92Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013
Keyword
fred, fredsbyggande, krig, demokratisering, val, valrelaterat våld, konsocial demokrati
National Category
Social Sciences Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-195697 (URN)978-91-44-09111-2 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2013-03-21Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2013). Review – The Peace In Between: The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding, Edited By: Astri Suhrke and Mats Berdal, London and New York: Routledge, 2012 [Review]. E-International Relations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Review – The Peace In Between: The Peace In Between: Post-War Violence and Peacebuilding, Edited By: Astri Suhrke and Mats Berdal, London and New York: Routledge, 2012
2013 (English)In: E-International Relations, ISSN 2053-8626Article, book review (Refereed) Published
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
E-International Relations, 2013
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236574 (URN)
Available from: 2014-11-19 Created: 2014-11-19 Last updated: 2014-11-21Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. (2013). Sharing Power to Build States. In: David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding: (pp. 246-256). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sharing Power to Build States
2013 (English)In: Routledge Handbook of International Statebuilding / [ed] David Chandler and Timothy D. Sisk, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013, p. 246-256Chapter in book (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2013
Keyword
peace, democracy, peacebuilding, statebuilding, powersharing, consociationalism
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198707 (URN)9780415677028 (ISBN)
Available from: 2013-04-23 Created: 2013-04-23 Last updated: 2014-01-31Bibliographically approved
Jarstad, A. K. & Olsson, L. (2012). Hybrid Peace Ownership in Afghanistan: International Perspectives of Who Owns What and When. Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, 18(1), 105-119
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hybrid Peace Ownership in Afghanistan: International Perspectives of Who Owns What and When
2012 (English)In: Global Governance: A Review of Multilateralism and International Organizations, ISSN 1075-2846, E-ISSN 1942-6720, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 105-119Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What does local ownership actually entail in the context of an international peace operation supporting sustainable development and stability? Who should own what? Moreover, when should local ownership be introduced? Using the case of Afghanistan as a fruitful example, this article suggests that local ownership is key for understanding the interactions between international and local actors as it highlights the asymmetry of this power relation. In all three types of roles that the international actors can perform—intervenor, mentor, or facilitator—such an asymmetric power relation exists. For Afghanistan, the result of the different approaches to local ownership has been a complex form of hybrid peace ownership where the international actors have become intertwined in almost all aspects of Afghan life. As the international actors are decreasing their involvement by moving from the role of intervenor to the role of mentor, the sustainability of development and stability in Afghanistan will undoubtedly be put to a test.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2012
Keyword
hybridity, governance, ownership, Afghanistan.
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-170527 (URN)10.5555/1075-2846-18.1.105 (DOI)000300747100009 ()
Available from: 2012-03-12 Created: 2012-03-12 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
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