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Tittel [en]
Turning Spoilers into Statesmen: Third Party Strategies for Sustainable Peace in West Africa
Abstract [en]
The purpose of this project is to address the following research question: Why do some warring parties, following a peace agreement in a civil war, act as spoilers and resort to arms, while others turn into statesmen and remain committed to peace? This critical question is addressed through a two-folded research process. First, an analytical framework is developed based on previous research. Second, case studies of three peace processes in West Africa; Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Coté d’Ivoire, are conducted and field research is carried out.

This project seeks to contribute to research and policy making on this topic by (1) identifying under what conditions warring parties choose peace over violence and (2) proposing appropriate third party strategies in preventing and managing spoiler violence so as to strengthen the process towards sustainable peace.

The local collaborating partners are the Kofi Annan Institute for Conflict Transformation at the University of Liberia, and Centre for Development and Security Analysis (CEDSA) in Sierra Leone.

Main financial support:
Sida/SAREC (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency). Further, the project was planned in 2007 with a planning grant from Sida/SAREC.
Publikasjoner (7 av 7) Visa alla publikasjoner
Nilsson, D. & Kovacs Söderberg, M. (2013). Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia. International Peacekeeping, 20(1), 2-16
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 2-16Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Security Sector Reform (SSR) has developed into a key component of international peacebuilding agendas. However, there is a lack of sufficient knowledge of the advantages and drawbacks of different reform processes. This study offers a comparative analysis of two post-war states with diverse approaches to the reconstruction of the national armed forces after a civil war: Sierra Leone after the 1999 Lome Peace Accord, where the competing warring parties were integrated into a single force; and Liberia following the 2003 Accra Peace Agreement, where the old army was disbanded and a new force was recruited and built from scratch. The findings show that each approach was associated with distinct benefits and risks during the implementation process. However, the outcomes are also similar in many important respects, and raise questions about the long-term sustainability of these reforms.

HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198633 (URN)10.1080/13533312.2013.761825 (DOI)000315865700002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-04-22 Laget: 2013-04-22 Sist oppdatert: 2022-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Nilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 606-626Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In a seminal article, Stedman (International Security, 22, 1997, 5) suggested that the greatest source of risk to civil war peace processes comes from so-called spoilers, leaders, and groups that perceive peace as threatening and use violence to undermine attempts to achieve it. The spoiler concept has since gained significant ground and widespread legitimacy both in the academic literature and in critical policy circles. In the footsteps of this development, however, we suggest that the spoiler concept has been stretched beyond its original meaning and given raise to a number of ambiguities concerning its definition and empirical applicability. This lack of clarity in regard to some of the key aspects of the spoiler concept does not only risk undermining the usefulness of the concept itself, but also risks hampering the accumulation of valuable research on this pertinent topic. This article presents a reflection on a burgeoning research field and aims to contribute to the same by attempting to offer greater conceptual clarity in regard to a number of issues that are the core of the spoiler debate and by presenting a conceptual framework for analyzing spoilers in future research.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166288 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2486.2011.01080.x (DOI)000298359500002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-11 Laget: 2012-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2022-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement. In: Roy Licklider (Ed.), Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA: . Paper presented at New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars.
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA / [ed] Roy Licklider, 2010Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143789 (URN)
Konferanse
New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-01-25 Laget: 2011-01-25 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-26bibliografisk kontrollert
Nilsson, D. (2009). Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003
2009 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, 2009. s. 54
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120873 (URN)978-91-506-2104-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-03-16 Laget: 2010-03-16 Sist oppdatert: 2020-07-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Söderberg Kovacs, M. & Nilsson, D. (2005). Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process. Civil Wars, 7(4), 19
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process
2005 (engelsk)Inngår i: Civil Wars, ISSN 13698249, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 19-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20402 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-12-08 Laget: 2006-12-08 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-26
Nilsson, D. (2003). Liberia - The Eye of the Storm: A Review of the Literature on Internally Displaced, Refugees and Returnees. Uppsala, Nordiska afrikainstitutet
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Liberia - The Eye of the Storm: A Review of the Literature on Internally Displaced, Refugees and Returnees
2003 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala, Nordiska afrikainstitutet, 2003
Serie
Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief, ISSN 91-7106-509-1
Emneord
Liberia, Refugees
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-45093 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-10-17 Laget: 2008-10-17 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-26
Nilsson, D. & Söderberg, M. (2003). På väg mot fred i Liberia?. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet (11)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>På väg mot fred i Liberia?
2003 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet, 2003
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-46130 (URN)91-7183-368-4 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-10-17 Laget: 2008-10-17 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-26
Principal InvestigatorNilsson, Desirée
Co-InvestigatorSöderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
Koordinerande organisasjon
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning
Tidsperiod
2008-01-01 - 2013-12-31
HSV kategori
Political Science
Identifikatorer
DiVA, id: project:2012

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