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Tittel [en]
Programme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding
Abstract [en]
The Programme on Governance, Conflict and Peacebuilding is about causes of armed conflict and causes of conflict prevention and conflict resolution. It focuses on intra-state conflict situations in weak states and regions of the world. The programme aspires to pick up where the ’Greed vs. Grievance’-debate ended; and it aspires to contribute to the ongoing debate on peacemaking and peacebuilding and how to create conditions for sustainable peace in weak and war-torn states and societies. The programme is driven by a central and fundamental question: How do systems of governance and the allocation of resources within countries affect the conditions for war and peace? What do leaders do with the resources at their disposal—no matter how meagre these resources may be—and why? Do they, for example, try to create conditions for legitimate rule and durable peace? Or do they, for example, decide to seek personal enrichment? What are the causal mechanisms at work in these processes? What is the respective role of various explanatory factors at different levels of analysis?

The programme investigates the interplay between governance and resources in the causation of war and peace. Whether driven by need, greed, creed or any other ambition, we analyse how actors utilise political systems/systems of governance and the externally and internally generated resources available to them to pursue various policies and objectives, and the bearing this has on either conflict causation or conflict prevention/resolution. The program involves qualitative and quantitative research, including theory development, fieldwork and large-scale data collection.

Three independent and related projects constitute the original core of the programme, all emphasising the centrality of state legitimacy, the need to disaggregate social phenomena, and the non-unitary character of conflict actors. The three projects are:

- The Partnership on Peace, Democracy and Social Progress in Africa. Project page in DiVA: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/project.jsf?pid=project:2015
- From Wars of the Weak to Strong Peace. Project page in DiVA: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/project.jsf?pid=project:2031
- Patrimonialisation, Globalisation, and Civil Conflict. Project page in DiVA: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/project.jsf?pid=project:2032

As of 2011, the Programme has been expanded with a fourth project:

- Electing Violence? The Causes of Electoral Violence in Africa. Project page in DiVA: http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/project.jsf?pid=project:2007

The programme aspires not only to systematically shed light on some of the most acute and central puzzles of human relations, but also to foster an active dialogue on the role of governance for sustainable and strong peace, to nurture global academic and policy networks, as well as to garner funds for further research on governance, resource use, war and peace.

News
2011-11-01
PASA, given for the first time in Uppsala in October, ended in success! Topics such as mediation and dialogue, DDR processes, the African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), conflict prevention and early warning, and the management of election-related violence were vividly discussed among the qualified group of participants from a variety of African organisations and institutes. The group will meet again in Durban, South Africa in March 2012.

2011-10-03
Peace and Security in Africa (PASA) 2011 is taking place in Uppsala, Sweden, 3-22 October. PASA is a training program which aims to increase the capacity of regional organisations in Sub-Saharan Africa to prevent, manage and resolve armed conflicts on the continent. It is planned and carried out by the Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala, in cooperation with ACCORD and the Swedish consultancy company Indevelop.

2011-05-04
Between 4th and 11th May 2011, Desirée Nilsson and Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs carried out field research in Liberia, gathering material for their research on the management of spoilers, and the role of civil society in the Liberian peace process.

2011-03-09
On March 7-9, the Partnership project had a visit from ACCORD, South Africa to discuss progress in research related to durable peace in Africa. Visiting from ACCORD were Grace Maina, Martha Mutisi, Kwesi Sansculotte-Greenridge and Karishma Rajoo.

2011-01-14
Between 3rd and 14th January 2011, Mimmi Söderberg Kovacs carried out a field trip to Sierra Leone, gathering material for her research on election-related violence.
Publikasjoner (10 av 18) Visa alla publikasjoner
Nilsson, D. (2012). Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace. International Interactions, 38(2), 243-266
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace
2012 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Interactions, ISSN 0305-0629, E-ISSN 1547-7444, Vol. 38, nr 2, s. 243-266Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Is peace more likely to prevail when the peace accord includes civil society actors such as religious groups, women's organizations, and human rights groups? This is the first statistical study that explores this issue. The article develops key claims in previous research regarding the role of civil society actors and durable peace, and proposes a set of hypotheses that focus on legitimacy in this process. The hypotheses are examined by employing unique data on the inclusion of civil society actors in all peace agreements in the post-Cold War period. The statistical analysis shows that inclusion of civil society actors in the peace settlement increases the durability of peace. The results further demonstrate that peace accords with involvement from civil society actors and political parties in combination are more likely to see peace prevail. The findings also suggest that inclusion of civil society has a particularly profound effect on the prospects for overall peace in nondemocratic societies.

Emneord
armed conflict, civil society, civil war, inclusion, peace agreement
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174613 (URN)10.1080/03050629.2012.659139 (DOI)000302788400005 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-05-22 Laget: 2012-05-22 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Ohlson, T. (Ed.). (2012). From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and Its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War
2012 (engelsk)Collection/Antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishing, 2012. s. 372
Serie
International Relations Studies Series ; 12
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166682 (URN)978-90-89-79046-0 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-12 Laget: 2012-01-12 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-28bibliografisk kontrollert
Nilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 606-626Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In a seminal article, Stedman (International Security, 22, 1997, 5) suggested that the greatest source of risk to civil war peace processes comes from so-called spoilers, leaders, and groups that perceive peace as threatening and use violence to undermine attempts to achieve it. The spoiler concept has since gained significant ground and widespread legitimacy both in the academic literature and in critical policy circles. In the footsteps of this development, however, we suggest that the spoiler concept has been stretched beyond its original meaning and given raise to a number of ambiguities concerning its definition and empirical applicability. This lack of clarity in regard to some of the key aspects of the spoiler concept does not only risk undermining the usefulness of the concept itself, but also risks hampering the accumulation of valuable research on this pertinent topic. This article presents a reflection on a burgeoning research field and aims to contribute to the same by attempting to offer greater conceptual clarity in regard to a number of issues that are the core of the spoiler debate and by presenting a conceptual framework for analyzing spoilers in future research.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166288 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2486.2011.01080.x (DOI)000298359500002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-11 Laget: 2012-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2022-12-19bibliografisk kontrollert
Lindgren, M. (2011). Sexual Violence Beyond Conflict Termination: Impunity for Past Violations as a Recipe for New Ones?. Durban, South Africa: ACCORD (15)
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Sexual Violence Beyond Conflict Termination: Impunity for Past Violations as a Recipe for New Ones?
2011 (engelsk)Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, sider
Durban, South Africa: ACCORD, 2011
Emneord
conflict-related sexual violence, amnesties, Africa
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-165000 (URN)
Merknad

Policy & Practice Brief #15, November 2011

Tilgjengelig fra: 2012-01-04 Laget: 2012-01-02 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2011). Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal. Africa Spectrum, 46(1), 33-59
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Toward Electoral Security: Experiences from KwaZulu-Natal
2011 (engelsk)Inngår i: Africa Spectrum, ISSN 0002-0397, E-ISSN 1868-6869, Vol. 46, nr 1, s. 33-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a growing recognition of the dangers of electoral violence. Yet, the theoretical foundation for systematic research and for adequate policy is still underdeveloped. This article aims to develop the theoretical understandings of strategies to manage and prevent electoral violence. This is accomplished by integrating research conducted within the two academic discourses on democratization and conflict management and also by drawing on the experiences from the conflict-ridden province KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. The five strategies identified are monitoring, mediation, legal measures, law enforcement and self-regulating practices. In the article, the functions and mechanisms of the strategies are discussed. In addition, we analyse the limitations and usefulness of each of the strategies in turn and also provide suggestions on how to improve electoral security.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Hamburg: G I G A Institute of African Affairs, 2011
Emneord
South Africa, elections/voting, violence, conflict management, democracy
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-164451 (URN)000296747600002 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-12-20 Laget: 2011-12-20 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30bibliografisk kontrollert
Themnér, A. (2011). Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships. Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Violence in Post-Conflict Societies: Remarginalization, Remobilizers and Relationships
2011 (engelsk)Bok (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Milton Park, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2011. s. xiii, 210
Serie
Routledge studies in intervention and statebuilding
Emneord
ex-combatants, reintegration, disarmament, demobilization, DDR, peacebuilding, conflict resolution, civil wars, Republic of Congo, Sierra Leone
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-153853 (URN)978-0-415-57922-3 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-05-19 Laget: 2011-05-19 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30
Nilsson, D. (2010). Agreements and Sustainability. In: Nigel J. Young (Ed.), The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Volume I (pp. 30-32). New York: Oxford University Press
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Agreements and Sustainability
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace: Volume I / [ed] Nigel J. Young, New York: Oxford University Press , 2010, s. 30-32Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
New York: Oxford University Press, 2010
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-141306 (URN)978-0-19-533468-5 (ISBN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-01-11 Laget: 2011-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30
Höglund, K. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies. Review of International Studies, 36(2), 367-390
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Beyond the Absence of War: The Diversity of Peace in Post-Settlement Societies
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Review of International Studies, ISSN 0260-2105, E-ISSN 1469-9044, Vol. 36, nr 2, s. 367-390Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This article introduces a novel way of conceptualising variations of peace in post-war societies. The most common way of defining peace in the academic literature on war termination is to differentiate between those cases where there is a continuation or resumption of large-scale violence and those cases where violence has been terminated and peace, defined by the absence of war, has been established. Yet, a closer look at a number of countries where a peace agreement has been signed and peace is considered to prevail reveals a much more diverse picture. Beyond the absence of war, there are striking differences in terms of the character of peace that has followed. This article revisits the classical debates on peace and the notion of the Conflict Triangle as a useful theoretical construction for the study of armed conflicts. We develop a classification captured in a Peace Triangle, where post-settlement societies are categorised on the basis of three key dimensions: issues, behaviour, and attitudes. On the basis of such a differentiation, we illustrate the great diversity of peace beyond the absence of war in a number of post-settlement societies. Finally, we discuss the relationship between the different elements of the Peace Triangle, and the challenges they pose for establishing a sustainable peace, as well as the implications of this study for policy makers concerned with peacebuilding efforts.

Emneord
peace concept, negative peace, positive peace, liberal peace, conflict
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-123751 (URN)10.1017/S0260210510000069 (DOI)000278175500006 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-04-29 Laget: 2010-04-29 Sist oppdatert: 2022-01-28
Höglund, K. & Jarstad, A. K. (2010). Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy. Durban: ACCORD
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Strategies to Prevent and Manage Electoral Violence: Considerations for Policy
2010 (engelsk)Annet (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
sted, utgiver, år, sider
Durban: ACCORD, 2010. s. 5
Serie
Policy & Practice Briefs ; 2010:1
Emneord
elections, violence, democracy, security, South Africa
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Freds- och konfliktforskning
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-128906 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-08-02 Laget: 2010-08-02 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30
Nilsson, D. (2010). Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(3), 253-271
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Conflict Management and Peace Science, ISSN 0738-8942, E-ISSN 1549-9219, Vol. 27, nr 3, s. 253-271Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The fact that many civil wars involve several warring parties is often highlighted as an obstacle to conflict resolution. However, this issue has so far attracted little attention in previous research. This article aims to contribute to filling this gap. It is argued that whereas only very strong rebel groups should be able to force concessions, a multiparty context can turn the tables and increase the chances for weak rebel groups to reach a deal. The empirical analysis is based on dyadic data covering the government and each rebel group in all internal armed conflicts, 1989-2003. In accordance with the theory, it is found that the likelihood that the government and a weak rebel group will reach a negotiated settlement increases with the number of warring parties in the conflict.

Emneord
armed conflict, civil war, military strength, multiparty conflict, negotiated settlement, rebel groups
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136285 (URN)10.1177/0738894210366512 (DOI)000278872600004 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2010-12-11 Laget: 2010-12-11 Sist oppdatert: 2020-06-30
Principal InvestigatorÖberg, Magnus
Co-InvestigatorOhlson, Thomas
Co-InvestigatorFjelde, Hanne
Co-InvestigatorHöglund, Kristine
Co-InvestigatorElfversson, Emma
Co-InvestigatorMelander, Erik
Co-InvestigatorNdinga-Muvumba, Angela
Co-InvestigatorNilsson, Desirée
Co-InvestigatorThemnér, Anders
Co-InvestigatorSollenberg, Margareta
Co-InvestigatorSöderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
Koordinerande organisasjon
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning
Tidsperiod
2008-01-01 - 2016-12-31
HSV kategori
Political Science
Identifikatorer
DiVA, id: project:2033

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