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Project

Project type/Form of grant
Other
Title [en]
Accommodation of Interstate Minority Conflicts in Eastern Europe
Abstract [en]
Project description:
With the dramatic collapse of the Soviet Union many observers expected an escalation of the tensions between East European states over their long-standing, unresolved national minority problems. Yet, not only did these states remain at peace with each other; some of them managed to reach accommodation at an early stage and hence successfully prevented future escalation. This is a puzzling outcome that deserves the attention of students of conflict prevention. Few studies exist, however, and they focus almost exclusively on a successful case (Romania vs. Hungary).This project includes thirteen interstate national minority disputes in Eastern Europe 1991-1996 and compares the successful and unsuccessful cases. I argue that conflict prevention succeeded when both contending parties were able to credibly commit to link the national minority issue to the long-term project of joining the European Union and adopting its peace policy.Competing approaches suggested in previous studies, such as liberal institutionalism and democratic peace, are found to have less explanatory power than the specific version of the credible commitment approach developed in this study. The project attempts to identify more general implications of its findings for the study of conflict prevention.

Publications:
•Hammarström, Mats: Accommodation of Interstate Ethnic Conflicts in Eastern Europe: Do International Institutions and Democracy Matter? Paper for the 4t Pan European IR Conference, Canterbury, 8-10 Sept. 2001
•Heldt, Birger, and Mats Hammarström, 2001. Nationalism, Democracy, and Accommodation of Interstate Ethnic Conflict. Paper presented at the Uppsala Conference on Conflict Data, Uppsala, Sweden, 8-9 June.

Other project activities:
Seminars under the auspices of International Peace research institute, Oslo (PRIO)

Main financial support:
Joint Committee of the Nordic Social Science Research Councils
Principal InvestigatorHammarström, Mats
Coordinating organisation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research
Period
2003-01-01 - 2004-01-01
Keywords [en]
Minority conflicts, Eastern Europe
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:1961

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