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Project type/Form of grant
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Title [en]
Forced Migration in Armed Conflicts: Scope and Duration
Abstract [en]
It is well established that forced migration is related to armed conflict. However, we lack systematic research on what accounts for the tremendous variation in the scope and duration of forced migration from one conflict to another. The project aims to fill this research gap through a broadly conceived study of which factors are related to the scope and duration of forced migration in intra-state armed conflict. To this end a new global dataset is created, covering forced migration and various aspects of armed conflict, as well as a large number of other factors from 1964 to the present.

Other project activities, conference presentations:
-Melander, Erik, Magnus Öberg & Jonathan Hall. “Nothing New Under the Sun: The Atrociousness of 'New wars'”. Paper presented at the 20th International Political Science World Congress, July 9-13, Fukuoka, 2006.
-Melander, Erik, Magnus Öberg & Jonathan Hall “Are ‘New Wars’ More Atrocious?” . Paper presented at the Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference June 26-28,2006
-Melander, Erik & Magnus Öberg. “The Causes of Forced Migration Flows in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Critical Review of Theory.” Presentation at the Institute for Strategic Studies in Pretoria, South Africa, June 2004.
-Melander, Erik & Magnus Öberg, “Intensity, Scope, and Duration. Accounting for Variations in Forced Migration.” Paper presented at the 37th North American Meeting of the Peace Science Society (International), Ann Arbor MI, November 14 to 16, 2003.
-Melander, Erik, Magnus Öberg & Mats Hammarström. Intensity, Scope, and Duration. Accounting for Variations in Forced Migration 1964-1999. Paper presented at the 44th Annual International Studies Association Convention, Portland OR, February 25 to March 1, 2003.
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Melander, E., Öberg, M. & Hall, J. (2009). Are ‘New Wars’ More Atrocious?: Battle Severity, Civilians Killed and Forced Migration Before and After the End of the Cold Wa. European Journal of International Relations, 15(3), 505-536
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Are ‘New Wars’ More Atrocious?: Battle Severity, Civilians Killed and Forced Migration Before and After the End of the Cold Wa
2009 (English)In: European Journal of International Relations, ISSN 1354-0661, E-ISSN 1460-3713, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 505-536Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

It is widely believed that the human impact of civil conflict in the present era is especially destructive. Proponents of the 'new wars' thesis hold that today's conflicts are fuelled by exclusive identities, motivated by greed in the absence of strong states, and unchecked by the disinterested great powers, resulting in increased battle severity, civilian death and displacement. The ratio of civilian to military casualties is claimed to have tilted, so that the overwhelming majority of those killed today are civilians. Using systematic data that are comparable across cases and over time we find that, contrary to the 'new wars' thesis, the human impact of civil conflict is considerably lower in the post-Cold War period. We argue that this pattern reflects the decline of ideological conflict, the restraining influence of globalization on governments, and the increasing rarity of superpower campaigns of destabilization and counter-insurgency through proxy warfare.

Keywords
battle severity, civilians killed, conflict trends, forced migration, new wars
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-87088 (URN)10.1177/1354066109338243 (DOI)000269306700006 ()
Available from: 2008-12-16 Created: 2008-12-16 Last updated: 2020-06-30Bibliographically approved
Melander, E. & Öberg, M. (2007). The Threat of Violence and Forced Migration: Geographical Scope Trumps Intensity of Fighting. Civil Wars, 9(2), 156-173
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Threat of Violence and Forced Migration: Geographical Scope Trumps Intensity of Fighting
2007 (English)In: Civil Wars, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 156-173Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-11327 (URN)
Available from: 2007-09-04 Created: 2007-09-04 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Melander, E., Öberg, M. & Hall, J. (2006). The ‘New Wars’ Debate Revisited: An Empirical Evaluation of the Atrociousness of ‘New Wars’. Department of peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The ‘New Wars’ Debate Revisited: An Empirical Evaluation of the Atrociousness of ‘New Wars’
2006 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Department of peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, 2006. p. 42
Series
Peace Research Papers ; 9
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-82213 (URN)9150618970 (ISBN)
Available from: 2006-09-22 Created: 2006-09-22 Last updated: 2020-08-18Bibliographically approved
Melander, E. & Öberg, M. (2006). Time to Go?: Duration Dependence in Forced Migration. International Interactions, 32(2), 129-152
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Time to Go?: Duration Dependence in Forced Migration
2006 (English)In: International Interactions, ISSN 0305-0629, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 129-152Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-77106 (URN)
Available from: 2006-11-16 Created: 2006-11-16 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Melander, E. & Öberg, M. (2004). Forced Migration: the Effects of Magnitude and Scope of Fighting. Uppsala universitet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Forced Migration: the Effects of Magnitude and Scope of Fighting
2004 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala universitet, 2004. p. 28
Series
Uppsala Peace Research Papers, ISSN 1650-2035 ; 8
Keywords
flyktingströmmar, krig
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-67715 (URN)91-506-1785-0 (ISBN)
Available from: 2005-01-10 Created: 2005-01-10 Last updated: 2020-08-18Bibliographically approved
Principal InvestigatorMelander, Erik
Co-InvestigatorHammarström, Mats
Co-InvestigatorÖberg, Magnus
Coordinating organisation
Uppsala University
Funder
Period
2003-01-01 - 2008-12-31
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2009

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