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Project type/Form of grant
Other
Title [en]
Peace by Piece - Multiple Actors in Peace Processes in Civil Wars
Abstract [en]
The purpose of this project is to explore how the presence of multiple actors in civil wars affects the prospects of reaching negotiated settlements and durable peace. The study explores global patterns by employing unique data on peace agreements in the entire post-Cold War period, and entails an in-depth study of the Liberian peace process. The project also encompasses visits to two research environments. During the fall 2008 Nilsson was a Visiting Fellow at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, Notre Dame University, and in September 2007 a Visiting Fellow at the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO).

Related publications not in DiVA:
-Nilsson, Desirée. 2012. “Inclusive Peace Agreements – A Path to Durable Peace in Africa?” From Intra-State War to Durable Peace: Conflict and its Resolution in Africa after the Cold War, Edited by Thomas Ohlson. Dordrecht: Republic of Letters Publishers.

Main financial support
SYLFF
Publications (5 of 5) Show all publications
Nilsson, D. (2012). Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace. International Interactions, 38(2), 243-266
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace
2012 (English)In: International Interactions, ISSN 0305-0629, E-ISSN 1547-7444, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 243-266Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Is peace more likely to prevail when the peace accord includes civil society actors such as religious groups, women's organizations, and human rights groups? This is the first statistical study that explores this issue. The article develops key claims in previous research regarding the role of civil society actors and durable peace, and proposes a set of hypotheses that focus on legitimacy in this process. The hypotheses are examined by employing unique data on the inclusion of civil society actors in all peace agreements in the post-Cold War period. The statistical analysis shows that inclusion of civil society actors in the peace settlement increases the durability of peace. The results further demonstrate that peace accords with involvement from civil society actors and political parties in combination are more likely to see peace prevail. The findings also suggest that inclusion of civil society has a particularly profound effect on the prospects for overall peace in nondemocratic societies.

Keywords
armed conflict, civil society, civil war, inclusion, peace agreement
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-174613 (URN)10.1080/03050629.2012.659139 (DOI)000302788400005 ()
Available from: 2012-05-22 Created: 2012-05-22 Last updated: 2020-06-30Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, D. (2010). Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements. Conflict Management and Peace Science, 27(3), 253-271
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Turning Weakness into Strength: Military Capabilities, Multiple Rebel Groups and Negotiated Settlements
2010 (English)In: Conflict Management and Peace Science, ISSN 0738-8942, E-ISSN 1549-9219, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 253-271Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The fact that many civil wars involve several warring parties is often highlighted as an obstacle to conflict resolution. However, this issue has so far attracted little attention in previous research. This article aims to contribute to filling this gap. It is argued that whereas only very strong rebel groups should be able to force concessions, a multiparty context can turn the tables and increase the chances for weak rebel groups to reach a deal. The empirical analysis is based on dyadic data covering the government and each rebel group in all internal armed conflicts, 1989-2003. In accordance with the theory, it is found that the likelihood that the government and a weak rebel group will reach a negotiated settlement increases with the number of warring parties in the conflict.

Keywords
armed conflict, civil war, military strength, multiparty conflict, negotiated settlement, rebel groups
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-136285 (URN)10.1177/0738894210366512 (DOI)000278872600004 ()
Available from: 2010-12-11 Created: 2010-12-11 Last updated: 2020-06-30
Nilsson, D. (2009). Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003
2009 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, 2009. p. 54
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120873 (URN)978-91-506-2104-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-03-16 Created: 2010-03-16 Last updated: 2020-07-30Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, D. (2008). Partial Peace: Rebel Groups Inside and Outside of Civil War Settlements. Journal of Peace Research, 45(4), 479-495
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partial Peace: Rebel Groups Inside and Outside of Civil War Settlements
2008 (English)In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 479-495Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research proposes that peace is more likely to become durable if all rebel groups are included in the settlement reached. The argument implies that if actors are excluded and continue to pursue the military course, this could have a destabilizing effect on the actors that have signed an agreement. This article argues that all-inclusive peace deals - signed by the government and all rebel groups - are not the panacea for peace that many seem to believe. Given that the parties are strategic actors who are forward-looking when making their decisions, the signatories should anticipate that the excluded parties may continue to fight. Therefore, the risk of violent challenges from outside actors is likely to already be factored into the decisionmaking calculus when the signatories decide to reach a deal, and so does not affect their commitment to peace. Implications from this theoretical argument are tested using unique data on the conflict behavior of the government and each of the rebel groups in internal armed conflicts during the post-Cold War period. The results are well in line with the theoretical expectations and show that whether an agreement leaves out some actor does not affect whether the signatories stick to peace. The results demonstrate that, even when excluded rebel groups engage in conflict, this does not affect the signatories' commitment to peace. Hence, the findings suggest that partial peace is possible.

National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98720 (URN)10.1177/0022343308091357 (DOI)000257985100003 ()
Available from: 2009-03-02 Created: 2009-03-02 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Nilsson, D. (2008). Partial Peace: Rebel Groups Inside and Outside of Civil War Settlements. World Bank
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Partial Peace: Rebel Groups Inside and Outside of Civil War Settlements
2008 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
World Bank, 2008
Series
Policy Research Working Paper Series ; 4572
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-100090 (URN)
Available from: 2009-03-24 Created: 2009-03-24 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Principal InvestigatorNilsson, Desirée
Coordinating organisation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research
Period
2007-01-01 - 2012-12-31
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2010

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