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Title [en]
Turning Spoilers into Statesmen: Third Party Strategies for Sustainable Peace in West Africa
Abstract [en]
The purpose of this project is to address the following research question: Why do some warring parties, following a peace agreement in a civil war, act as spoilers and resort to arms, while others turn into statesmen and remain committed to peace? This critical question is addressed through a two-folded research process. First, an analytical framework is developed based on previous research. Second, case studies of three peace processes in West Africa; Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Coté d’Ivoire, are conducted and field research is carried out.

This project seeks to contribute to research and policy making on this topic by (1) identifying under what conditions warring parties choose peace over violence and (2) proposing appropriate third party strategies in preventing and managing spoiler violence so as to strengthen the process towards sustainable peace.

The local collaborating partners are the Kofi Annan Institute for Conflict Transformation at the University of Liberia, and Centre for Development and Security Analysis (CEDSA) in Sierra Leone.

Main financial support:
Sida/SAREC (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency). Further, the project was planned in 2007 with a planning grant from Sida/SAREC.
Publications (7 of 7) Show all publications
Nilsson, D. & Kovacs Söderberg, M. (2013). Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia. International Peacekeeping, 20(1), 2-16
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Different Paths of Reconstruction: Military Reform in Post-War Sierra Leone and Liberia
2013 (English)In: International Peacekeeping, ISSN 1353-3312, E-ISSN 1743-906X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 2-16Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Security Sector Reform (SSR) has developed into a key component of international peacebuilding agendas. However, there is a lack of sufficient knowledge of the advantages and drawbacks of different reform processes. This study offers a comparative analysis of two post-war states with diverse approaches to the reconstruction of the national armed forces after a civil war: Sierra Leone after the 1999 Lome Peace Accord, where the competing warring parties were integrated into a single force; and Liberia following the 2003 Accra Peace Agreement, where the old army was disbanded and a new force was recruited and built from scratch. The findings show that each approach was associated with distinct benefits and risks during the implementation process. However, the outcomes are also similar in many important respects, and raise questions about the long-term sustainability of these reforms.

National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified International Migration and Ethnic Relations
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-198633 (URN)10.1080/13533312.2013.761825 (DOI)000315865700002 ()
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2013-04-22 Last updated: 2022-12-19Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, D. & Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2011). Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes. International Studies Review, 13(4), 606-626
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Revisiting an Elusive Concept: A Review of the Debate on Spoilers in Peace Processes
2011 (English)In: International Studies Review, ISSN 1521-9488, E-ISSN 1468-2486, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 606-626Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In a seminal article, Stedman (International Security, 22, 1997, 5) suggested that the greatest source of risk to civil war peace processes comes from so-called spoilers, leaders, and groups that perceive peace as threatening and use violence to undermine attempts to achieve it. The spoiler concept has since gained significant ground and widespread legitimacy both in the academic literature and in critical policy circles. In the footsteps of this development, however, we suggest that the spoiler concept has been stretched beyond its original meaning and given raise to a number of ambiguities concerning its definition and empirical applicability. This lack of clarity in regard to some of the key aspects of the spoiler concept does not only risk undermining the usefulness of the concept itself, but also risks hampering the accumulation of valuable research on this pertinent topic. This article presents a reflection on a burgeoning research field and aims to contribute to the same by attempting to offer greater conceptual clarity in regard to a number of issues that are the core of the spoiler debate and by presenting a conceptual framework for analyzing spoilers in future research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalisation Studies)
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-166288 (URN)10.1111/j.1468-2486.2011.01080.x (DOI)000298359500002 ()
Available from: 2012-01-11 Created: 2012-01-11 Last updated: 2022-12-19Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. (2010). Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement. In: Roy Licklider (Ed.), Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA: . Paper presented at New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars.
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bringing in the Good, the Bad and the Ugly into the Peace Fold: The Transformation of the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed Forces after the Lomé Peace Agreement
2010 (English)In: Authors’ conference at the U.S. Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, USA / [ed] Roy Licklider, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-143789 (URN)
Conference
New Armies from Old: Merging Competing Military Forces after Civil Wars
Available from: 2011-01-25 Created: 2011-01-25 Last updated: 2020-06-26Bibliographically approved
Nilsson, D. (2009). Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003. Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crafting a Secure Peace: Evaluating Liberia’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2003
2009 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University, 2009. p. 54
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-120873 (URN)978-91-506-2104-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2010-03-16 Created: 2010-03-16 Last updated: 2020-07-30Bibliographically approved
Söderberg Kovacs, M. & Nilsson, D. (2005). Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process. Civil Wars, 7(4), 19
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Breaking the Cycle of Violence?: Promises and Pitfalls of the Liberian Peace Process
2005 (English)In: Civil Wars, ISSN 13698249, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 19-Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-20402 (URN)
Available from: 2006-12-08 Created: 2006-12-08 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Nilsson, D. (2003). Liberia - The Eye of the Storm: A Review of the Literature on Internally Displaced, Refugees and Returnees. Uppsala, Nordiska afrikainstitutet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Liberia - The Eye of the Storm: A Review of the Literature on Internally Displaced, Refugees and Returnees
2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala, Nordiska afrikainstitutet, 2003
Series
Studies on Emergencies and Disaster Relief, ISSN 91-7106-509-1
Keywords
Liberia, Refugees
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-45093 (URN)
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Nilsson, D. & Söderberg, M. (2003). På väg mot fred i Liberia?. Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet (11)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>På väg mot fred i Liberia?
2003 (English)Report (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Utrikespolitiska Institutet, 2003
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-46130 (URN)91-7183-368-4 (ISBN)
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2020-06-26
Principal InvestigatorNilsson, Desirée
Co-InvestigatorSöderberg Kovacs, Mimmi
Coordinating organisation
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research
Period
2008-01-01 - 2013-12-31
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
DiVA, id: project:2012

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