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Good Ecological Status: Advancing the Ecology of Law
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Juridiska fakulteten, Juridiska institutionen. (Miljörätt)
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

For a meaningful discussion of the effectiveness of ecological objectives and ecological quality standards, their terms and purposes must be examined and clarified. This study explores the terms and content of ecological quality objectives and ecological quality standards, based on the Water Framework Directive’s legal conceptualization of ‘ecological status’. This exploration is accomplished by analysing and describing the Water Framework Directive’s ‘ecological status’ aspect from a legal-ecological perspective. The analysis of ‘ecological status’ and its main constructs forms the basis for a possible alternative form of regulation, which addresses the shortcomings identified in the analysis.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Uppsala University, Department of Law , 2015. , 115 s.
Nyckelord [en]
EU Water Framework Directive, Environmental Regulations.
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik
Forskningsämne
Miljörätt
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246561ISBN: 978-91-506-2450-2 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-246561DiVA: diva2:797255
Disputation
2015-05-13, Sal IV Universitetshuset, Uppsala, 10:15 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2015-04-20 Skapad: 2015-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-07-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. The Water Framework Directive: A Directive for the Twenty-First Century?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The Water Framework Directive: A Directive for the Twenty-First Century?
2011 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of environmental law, ISSN 0952-8873, E-ISSN 1464-374X, Vol. 23, nr 3, 463-486 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article addresses the Water Framework Directive and the legal norm of ‘good ecological status’, which refers to the structure and function of ecosystems. In terms of ecology, the concepts of good structure and function reflect a resilient ecosystem with a high level of adaptive capacity. However, the legal provisions of the Directive compromise this concept. The Directive's approach assumes that by quantifying certain fixed biological elements it is possible to accurately assess the structure and function of ecosystems. This approach is highly contestable, and undermines the possibility of attaining the objective of ‘good ecological status’. To improve the possibility of achieving ‘good ecological status’, we emphasise the need to first redefine ‘high ecological status’ as a state wherein the ecosystems maintain themselves independently of management; secondly, that the hydrological regime be addressed when assessing the bodies of water; and, thirdly, that traits, rather than the current ‘quality elements’ be used as variables.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011
Nyckelord
EU Water Framework Directive, biological classification systems, biological quality elements, ecosystem services, traits, ecosystem management
Nationell ämneskategori
Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap
Forskningsämne
Miljörätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-158074 (URN)10.1093/jel/eqr018 (DOI)000296744000005 ()
Projekt
Legal Conditions for a Sustainable Water Management
Tillgänglig från: 2011-08-29 Skapad: 2011-08-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Achieving Ecological Objectives
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Achieving Ecological Objectives
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: Laws, ISSN 2075-471X, Vol. 1, nr 1, 39-63 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The legal objective for surface water in the EU is ‘good ecological status’, as established by the Water Framework Directive, with a timeframe of 15, 21 or 27 years. To reach this objective, suitable legal instruments are needed, and quality standards are among the instruments intended to improve the ecological status. However, both the Directive and quality standards are founded on reductionism, risking an over-application of over-simplified concepts, probably reducing biological diversity. A realistic and more appropriate timeframe for river basin rehabilitation would be around 100 years, emphasizing several concerns, such as the importance of encompassing the entire life history of species, the shift in human perceptions, the systemic unity of humans and ecosystems, environmental irreducibility, site-specific reference points, and the divergence of the assessment of water quality and the general ecological status of a river basin. From a legal standpoint, a century emphasizes a temporal agreement and a normative commitment to the generations to come. Ecologically, a century time-scale gives enough time for the processes of evolution, dispersal and recolonization and succession to re-establish stable, more diverse biological communities in physically rehabilitated habitats and river basins, whereas the present timetable for achievement of the ecological objectives does not.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Basel: M D P I AG, 2012
Nyckelord
EU water framework directive, ecological objectives, ecological quality standards, environmental quality standards, ecological standards, reductionism, holism, ecosystem management
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik
Forskningsämne
Miljörätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246556 (URN)10.3390/laws1010039 (DOI)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-03-09 Skapad: 2015-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-07-23Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Assessing Aquatic Spaces of Regulation: Key Issues and Solutions
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Assessing Aquatic Spaces of Regulation: Key Issues and Solutions
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordisk miljörättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2000-4273, E-ISSN 2000-4273, Vol. 2014, nr 3, 23-44 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik
Forskningsämne
Miljörätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246558 (URN)
Tillgänglig från: 2015-03-09 Skapad: 2015-03-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04
4. Ecological Status as a Legal Construct – Determining its Legal and Ecological Meaning
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Ecological Status as a Legal Construct – Determining its Legal and Ecological Meaning
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of environmental law, ISSN 0952-8873, E-ISSN 1464-374X, Vol. 27, nr 2, 231-258 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: , 2015
Nyckelord
EU Water Framework Directive, Common Implementation Strategy, Soft Law, Post-regulative Rulemaking, Court of Justice, Environmental Regulations.
Nationell ämneskategori
Juridik och samhälle
Forskningsämne
Miljörätt
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-247732 (URN)10.1093/jel/eqv009 (DOI)000357520600003 ()
Tillgänglig från: 2015-03-23 Skapad: 2015-03-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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