Satan and Demons in the Apostolic Fathers: A Minority Report
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: Svensk Exegetisk Årsbok, ISSN 1100-2298, Vol. 81, 127-168 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
The writers of Didache, 1 Clement, Shepherd of Hermas, Martyrdom of Polycarp, and 2 Clement consistently identify humans as the origin and cause of evil, rather than Satan or demons. Showing no interest in demons, possession, or exorcism, they exhibit a strong concern with ethical and psychological dualism. They recommend that evil impulses be overcome with internal self-control supplemented by prayer and good thoughts. These texts show a distinct marginalization or even demythologization of satanological terminology. This study makes three particular contributions. One is a synthesis of the evidence for a strong trend of Adamic etiology of sin (as opposed to an Enochic etiology) within the Apostolic Fathers. A second is the evidence it presents for a first century demythologizing Christianity which survived into the second century, but only as a minority report. A third is a systematic application of lexicographical analysis to early Christian satanology.
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Uppsala: Svenska exegetiska sällskapet , 2016. Vol. 81, 127-168 s.
Satan, demons, exorcism, sin, Paul, Adam, etiology, Didache, First Clement, Second Clement, Shepherd of Hermas, Martyrdom of Polycarp
IdentifikatorerURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-313818DiVA: diva2:1068244