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Aflatoxin Binders in Foods for Human Consumption-Can This be Promoted Safely and Ethically?
Int Livestock Res Inst, Dept Biosci, POB 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya;Univ Helsinki, Dept Food & Environm Sci, POB 66, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland.
Int Livestock Res Inst, Dept Biosci, POB 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
Univ Nairobi, Sch Biol Sci, POB 30197, Nairobi 00100, Kenya.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology. Int Livestock Res Inst, 298 Kim Ma St, Hanoi, Vietnam;Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Clin Sci, POB 7054, S-75007 Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1175-0398
2019 (English)In: Toxins, ISSN 2072-6651, E-ISSN 2072-6651, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 410Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aflatoxins continue to be a food safety problem globally, especially in developing regions. A significant amount of effort and resources have been invested in an attempt to control aflatoxins. However, these efforts have not substantially decreased the prevalence nor the dietary exposure to aflatoxins in developing countries. One approach to aflatoxin control is the use of binding agents in foods, and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have been studied extensively for this purpose. However, when assessing the results comprehensively and reviewing the practicality and ethics of use, risks are evident, and concerns arise. In conclusion, our review suggests that there are too many issues with using LAB for aflatoxin binding for it to be safely promoted. Arguably, using binders in human food might even worsen food safety in the longer term.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 11, no 7, article id 410
Keywords [en]
Aflatoxins, binding, food safety, biocontrol, food discipline
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393837DOI: 10.3390/toxins11070410ISI: 000482110000052PubMedID: 31337106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393837DiVA, id: diva2:1355313
Available from: 2019-09-27 Created: 2019-09-27 Last updated: 2019-09-27Bibliographically approved

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