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Resources for scholarly documentation in professional service organizations: A study of Swedish development-led archaeology report writing
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Historisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Institutionen för ABM. (Archaeological Information in the Digital Society (ARKDIS))ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0493-6845
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Fritextbeskrivning
Abstract [en]

This information studies dissertation deals with the problem that results from research outside academia risk to receive little or no attention if communicated through reports, instead of in mainstream academic genres like research journal articles. The case in focus is Swedish development-led (DL) archaeology, i.e. state regulated archaeology preceding land development. Swedish DL archaeology is organized as a semi-regulated market. The organizations competing on the market are professional service organizations selling research services to land developers. Regional government departments, county administrative boards, function as intermediaries setting up procurement-like processes.

In previous research on archaeological documentation, the problem with non-use of reports has been described as depending on cultural issues of access, possible to solve if individuals make efforts to communicate and use extra-academic results. This dissertation offers an alternative definition of the problem, highlighting a different set of solutions. The aim is to further the understanding of how the distribution of research duties to professional service organizations affects the scholarly documentation in Swedish archaeology. The aim is met through identification, operationalization and analysis of resources available to report writing DL archaeology practitioners, and an analysis of how practitioners draw on these resources. The results further the understanding of how reports are shaped within the DL archaeology institution. In view of these results, efforts to solve issues of access should target the organization of research in the archaeology discipline, and specifically how scholarly documentation is governed on the archaeology market.

The dissertation draws on science and technology studies, practice theory, and document theory for the design of the study of documentation resources and contexts in extra-academic research. A mixed methods approach is applied to capture regulative, institutional, and infrastructural resources, and practitioners’ use thereof. Dissertation papers I-III contain analyses of concrete instantiations of the resources: information policy, documentation ideals, and information source use. The fourth paper presents an analysis of how practitioners draw on these resources in their everyday report writing. The dissertation concerns archaeology specifically, but serves as grounds to inquire into the premises for scholarly documentation in other areas of extra-academic research and knowledge-making as well.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Department of ALM, Uppsala University , 2017. , 108 s.
Serie
Skrifter utgivna vid institutionen för ABM vid Uppsala universitet, ISSN 1652-5353 ; 6
Emneord [en]
Archaeology, Extra-academic research, Knowledge-making, Scholarly communication, Documentation, Report writing, Science and technology studies, Practice theory
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-306157ISBN: 978-91-506-2664-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-306157DiVA: diva2:1150813
Disputas
2017-12-15, Humanistiska Teatern, Engelska parken, Thunbergsv. 3H, Uppsala, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Prosjekter
Archaeological Information in the Digital Society (ARKDIS)
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-22 Laget: 2017-10-20 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-22
Delarbeid
1. Information Policy for (Digital) Information in Archaeology: current state and suggestions for development
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Information Policy for (Digital) Information in Archaeology: current state and suggestions for development
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Internet Archaeology, ISSN 1363-5387, E-ISSN 1363-5387, nr 40Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The introduction of digital data capturing and management technologies has transformed information practices in archaeology. Digital documentation and digital infrastructures are integrated in archaeologists' daily work now more than ever. International and national institutions and projects have contributed to the development of digital archiving and curation practices. Because knowledge production in archaeology depends heavily on documentation and information dissemination, and on retrieval of past documentation, the question of how information is managed is profoundly intertwined with the possibilities for knowledge production. Regulations at different levels articulate demands and expectations from the emerging digital information practices, but how are these different regulations coordinated, and do they support archaeological knowledge production?

In this article we look into the state of information policy - the sum of principles guiding decisions about information - in archaeology and related areas. The aim of the article is to shed light on how information policy directs practice in archaeology, and to show that analysis of such policies is therefore vital. Information policy in legislation and guidelines in Swedish archaeology serves as a case study, and examples from development-led archaeology and the museum sector illustrate how information policies have varied roles across different heritage sectors. There are historical and local trajectories in the policy documents specific to Sweden, but the discussion shows that the emergence of Swedish policies have many parallels with processes in other countries. The article provides recommendations for information policy development for archaeology and related areas.

Emneord
Digital humanities; cultural heritage sector; digital heritage; digital archaeology; digital museums; information policy; digital agendas; digitization
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-275630 (URN)10.11141/ia.40.4 (DOI)
Prosjekter
ARKDIS
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-02-04 Laget: 2016-02-04 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-30bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Beyond information policy: Conflicting documentation ideals in extra-academic knowledge making practices
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Beyond information policy: Conflicting documentation ideals in extra-academic knowledge making practices
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 72, nr 4, 674-695 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore and explicate documentation ideals parallel to information policy, and by means of this analysis demonstrate how the concept “documentation ideals” is an analytical tool for engaging with political and institutional contexts of information practices.

Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on a case study of documentation ideals in a debate about quality in archaeological documentation. The methodology draws on idea analysis, and on the science and technology studies’ controversy studies approach.

Findings – The paper explicates three documentation ideals, how these ideals allocate responsibility for documentation to different actors, how the ideals assign roles to practitioners, and how the ideals point to different beneficiaries of the documentation. Furthermore, the analysis highlights ideas about two different means to reach the documentation ideals.

Research limitations/implications – The case’s debate reflects opinions of Northern European professionals.

Social implications – The paper illuminates how documentation ideals tweak and even contest formal information policy in claims on the documentation and on the practitioners doing documentation.

Originality/value – Documentation ideal analysis is crucial as a complement to formal information policy analysis and to analysis guided by practice theory in attempts to understand the contexts of information practices and documentation, insights central for developing information literacies.

Emneord
Archaeology, Information practices, Information policy, Controversy studies, Documentation ideals, Idea analysis, Knowledge making practices
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-277190 (URN)10.1108/JDOC-10-2015-0134 (DOI)000379787000004 ()
Prosjekter
ARKDIS
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-02-17 Laget: 2016-02-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-30bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Grey literature – grey sources?: Nuancing the view on professional documentation: the case of Swedish archaeology
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Grey literature – grey sources?: Nuancing the view on professional documentation: the case of Swedish archaeology
2015 (svensk)Inngår i: Journal of Documentation, ISSN 0022-0418, E-ISSN 1758-7379, Vol. 71, nr 6, 1158-1182 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose

This study aims at nuancing the perception about professional documentation (a.k.a. ‘grey literature’), assuming perception of documentation being a cultural aspect of accessibility.

Design/methodology/approach

The study explores variations within the archaeological report genre through a bibliometric analysis of source use. Source characteristics are explored as well as correlations between report authors and source originators. Statistical frequency distribution is complemented by a correspondence analysis and a k-Means cluster analysis to explore patterns. The patterns are interpreted as ‘frames of references’ and related to circumstances for archaeological work. The study also discusses source representations.

Findings

The source use patterns reveal a latent variation, not visible in the general analysis: a professional/academic frame of reference (mainly among authors affiliated with incorporated businesses and sole proprietorships) and an administrative frame of reference (mainly among authors affiliated with government agencies, foundations and member associations) emerge.

Research limitations/implications

The study focuses on Swedish field evaluation reports. Future research could 1) test the results in relation to other types of reports, and 2) go beyond the document perspective to explore source use in documentation practices.

Social implications

The results on variations in frames of references among report writers have implication for report readers and user. The results should also be considered in archaeology management and policy-making. On the level of source representation the results call for clarifications of vague representations and possibly omitted sources.

Originality/value

This study contextualises archaeological information use and focuses on variations in professional archaeology which has received little previous research attention. The bibliometric approach complements previous qualitative studies of archaeological information.

Emneord
Documentation; Reports; Grey literature; Information sources; Information use: Referencing; Bibliometrics; Sociology of professions; Archaeology
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-246514 (URN)10.1108/JD-09-2014-0137 (DOI)000369171600003 ()
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-03-08 Laget: 2015-03-08 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-04bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Research outside academia?: An analysis of resources in extra-academic report writing
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Research outside academia?: An analysis of resources in extra-academic report writing
2016 (engelsk)Inngår i: Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 2016Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

A significant part of all research takes place in extra-academic organizations. Practitioner researchers often present their results in publications different from those in academia, e.g. in reports, sometimes (and here) referred to as “gray literature”. Gray literature is increasingly available online. However, availability does not mean that reports are exploited to their full potential in research. Disciplines like archaeology have substantial problems with the scholarly communication and knowledge sharing between extra-academic and academic research. This paper approaches this problem from a report-user perspective. For the benefit of potential report users’ gray literature literacies, report-writing practices are analyzed by means of practice theory. Qualitative interviews with six practitioner researchers in Swedish archaeology firms make up the material. The analysis focuses on how report writers draw on regulative, institutional, and infrastructural resources in their practices. Based on the findings about the practices in which reports are written and become informative, the paper presents seven suggestions supporting report users’ potential to critically analyze and use report content. The results contribute to the information science field with insights into extra-academic information practices, and as input in a wider critical discussion of the information-related conditions for research outside academia.

Emneord
Scholarly communication; Practitioner researchers; Grey literature; Archaeology; Practice theory
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-303766 (URN)
Konferanse
Annual Meeting of the Association for Information Science and Technology, Copenhagen, Denmark Oct. 14-18, 2016
Prosjekter
ARKDIS
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 340-2012-5751
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-23 Laget: 2016-09-23 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-20

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