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Discrimination between Glioma Grades II and III Using Dynamic Susceptibility Perfusion MRI: A Meta-Analysis
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Tomtebodavagen 18A,Plan 5, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Plastikkirurgi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9107-5814
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Neuroradiology, ISSN 0195-6108, E-ISSN 1936-959X, Vol. 38, nr 7, s. 1348-1355Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: DSC perfusion has been evaluated in the discrimination between low-grade and high-grade glioma but the diagnostic potential to discriminate beween glioma grades II and III remains unclear.

PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of relative maximal CBV from DSC perfusion MR imaging to discriminate glioma grades II and III.

DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov.

STUDY SELECTION: Eligible studies reported on patients evaluated with relative maximal CBV derived from DSC with a confirmed neuropathologic diagnosis of glioma World Health Organization grades II and III. Studies reporting on mean or individual patient data were considered for inclusion.

DATA ANALYSIS: Data were analyzed by using inverse variance with the random-effects model and receiver operating characteristic curves describing optimal cutoffs and areas under the curve. Bivariate diagnostic random-effects meta-analysis was used to calculate diagnostic accuracy.

DATA SYNTHESIS: Twenty-eight studies evaluating 727 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. Individual data were available from 10 studies comprising 190 individuals. The mean difference of relative maximal CBV between glioma grades II and III (n = 727) was 1.76 (95% CI, 1.27-2.24; P < .001). Individual patient data (n = 190) had an area under the curve of 0.77 for discriminating glioma grades II and III at an optimal cutoff of 2.02. When we analyzed astrocytomas separately, the area under the curve increased to 0.86 but decreased to 0.61 when we analyzed oligodendrogliomas.

LIMITATIONS: A substantial heterogeneity was found among included studies.

CONCLUSIONS: Glioma grade III had higher relative maximal CBV compared with glioma grade II. A high diagnostic accuracy was found for all patients and astrocytomas; however, the diagnostic accuracy was substantially reduced when discriminating oligodendroglioma grades II and III.

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2017. Vol. 38, nr 7, s. 1348-1355
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-332324DOI: 10.3174/ajnr.A5218ISI: 000405565100015PubMedID: 28522666OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-332324DiVA, id: diva2:1153129
Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-10-27 Laget: 2017-10-27 Sist oppdatert: 2017-10-27bibliografisk kontrollert

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