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Community violence exposure and substance use: cross-cultural and gender perspectives
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Barn- och ungdomspsykiatri.
UiT, Reg Ctr Child & Youth Mental Hlth & Child Welf, Tromso, Norway.
Acad Sci Czech Republ, Inst Psychol, Brno, Czech Republic.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, ISSN 1018-8827, E-ISSN 1435-165X, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 493-500Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The negative effects of community violence exposure on child and adolescent mental health are well documented and exposure to community violence has been linked both to a number of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Our aim was, therefore, to investigate cross-cultural and gender differences in the relationship between community violence exposure and substance abuse. A self-report survey was conducted among 10,575, 12-18 year old adolescents in three different countries, Czech Republic (N = 4537), Russia (N = 2377) and US (N = 3661). We found that in all three countries both substance use and problem behavior associated with it increased similarly along with severity of violence exposure and this association was not gender-specific. It was concluded that in spite of the differences in the levels of violence exposure and substance use cross-culturally and by gender, the pattern of their association is neither culturally nor gender bound.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 493-500
Emneord [en]
Community violence exposure, Substance use, Gender, Adolescents
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-358568DOI: 10.1007/s00787-017-1097-5ISI: 000429661700010PubMedID: 29264649OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-358568DiVA, id: diva2:1248956
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-09-17 Laget: 2018-09-17 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-17bibliografisk kontrollert

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