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How to Prevent the Political Misuse of Responsibility to Protect
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teologiska fakulteten, Teologiska institutionen.
2018 (engelsk)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
Abstract [en]

Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a legal norm has emerged through the international community’s failures to respond to genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing committed by a state towards its own population. The R2P as a legal norm provides the international community with the right, responsibility and ability to intervene using force in sovereign states. Despite the legal norm of R2P, genocide and crimes against humanity still occur. Sometimes, no interventions are made when needed. On occasions, powerful states have invoked the R2P as a pretext for furthering their own political interests and aims. This thesis presents examples of when the R2P possibly have been used for political reasons and explores if the political misuse of the legal norm of R2P could be prevented. The method for research is the legal dogmatic method in combination with IR realist theory for analysis. Legal history of R2P, the legal framework and de lege lata of R2P, use of legal and political doctrine, and three examples of R2P-implemention, Georgia, Libya and Syria, are analysed with the aim of elaborating on how the misuse of R2P could be prevented, de lege ferenda. This thesis argues that the political misuse of R2P could be prevented long-term. Prevention should ideally be achieved by broadening the legal normative scope of R2P by prohibiting the use of R2P for individual political aims, and by including mechanisms of accountability within that legal scope. Exactly how that should be performed is a question for further legal deliberation and research. In addition, as many other scholars have already done, this research recommend a reinvention of the decision-making process in the UN SC because of the obstacles its VETO-regime poses in making interventions in the name of R2P.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. , s. 38
Emneord [en]
R2P, Responsibility to protect, power play, IR, International law, crimes against humanity, humanity
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364782OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364782DiVA, id: diva2:1260473
Fag / kurs
International Humanitarian Action
Utdanningsprogram
Master Programme in Humanitarian Action and Conflict
Veileder
Examiner
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-06 Laget: 2018-11-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-11-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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