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Risk behaviours for organism transmission in daily care activities: a longitudinal observational case study
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning, Gävleborg. Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Gävle, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1289-9896
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Vårdvetenskap. Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Gävle, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1495-4943
Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Gävle, Sweden.
Fac Hlth & Occupat Studies, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Gävle, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Hospital Infection, ISSN 0195-6701, E-ISSN 1532-2939, Vol. 100, nr 3, s. e146-e150, artikkel-id S0195-6701(18)30406-7Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To understand healthcare personnel's infection prevention behaviour has long been viewed as a key factor in preventing healthcare-associated infections. Suboptimal hand hygiene compliance and handling of materials, equipment, and surfaces present the main risks for potential organism transmission. Further exploration is needed regarding the role of context-specific conditions and the infection prevention behaviours of healthcare personnel. Such knowledge could enable the development of new intervention strategies for modifying behaviour.

Aim: To describe risk behaviours for organism transmission in daily care activities over time.

Methods: Unstructured observations of healthcare personnel carrying out patient-related activities were performed on 12 occasions over a period of 18 months.

Findings: Risk behaviours for organism transmission occur frequently in daily care activities and the results show that the occurrence is somewhat stable over time. Interruptions in care activities contribute to an increased risk for organism transmission that could lead to subsequent healthcare-associated infection.

Conclusion: Interventions aimed at reducing the risks of healthcare-associated infections need to focus on strategies that address: hand hygiene compliance; the handling of materials, equipment, work clothes and surfaces; the effects of interruptions in care activities if they are to alter healthcare personnel's infection prevention behaviour sufficiently.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 100, nr 3, s. e146-e150, artikkel-id S0195-6701(18)30406-7
Emneord [en]
Hand hygiene, Healthcare-associated infection, Hygiene, Infection control, Interruptions, Observation of practice
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-365806DOI: 10.1016/j.jhin.2018.07.041ISI: 000448006000024PubMedID: 30081148OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-365806DiVA, id: diva2:1263049
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-11-14 Laget: 2018-11-14 Sist oppdatert: 2020-01-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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