uu.seUppsala universitets publikasjoner
Endre søk
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Ancestral reconstruction of Asgard archaea provides insight into the gene content of the archaeal ancestor of eukaryotes
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi. Wageningen University and Research, Laboratory of Microbiology.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2890-2631
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för cell- och molekylärbiologi. Laboratoire Écologie, Systématique, Évolution, CNRS, Université Paris-Sud, Université Paris-Saclay, AgroParisTech.
(University of Texas Austin, Marine Science Institute, Department of Marine Science)
(University of Texas Austin, Marine Science Institute, Department of Marine Science)
Vise andre og tillknytning
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393589OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-393589DiVA, id: diva2:1354689
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-09-25 Laget: 2019-09-25 Sist oppdatert: 2019-09-26
Inngår i avhandling
1. Genomic and evolutionary exploration of Asgard archaea
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Genomic and evolutionary exploration of Asgard archaea
2019 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Current evolutionary theories postulate that eukaryotes emerged from the symbiosis of an archaeal host with, at least, one bacterial symbiont. However, our limited grasp of microbial diversity hampers insights into the features of the prokaryotic ancestors of eukaryotes. This thesis focuses on the study of a group of uncultured archaea to better understand both existing archaeal diversity and the origin of eukaryotes.

In a first study, we used short-read metagenomic approaches to obtain eight genomes of Lokiarchaeum relatives. Using these data we described the Asgard superphylum, comprised of at least four different phyla: Lokiarchaeota, Odinarchaeota, Thorarchaeota and Heimdallarchaoeta. Phylogenetic analyses suggested that eukaryotes affiliate with the Asgard group, albeit the exact position of eukaryotes with respect to Asgard archaea members remained inconclusive. Comparative genomics showed that Asgard archaea genomes encoded homologs of numerous eukaryotic signature proteins (ESPs), which had never been observed in Archaea before. Among these, there were several components of proteins involved in vesicle formation and membrane remodelling.

In a second study, we used similar approaches to uncover additional members of the Asgard superphylum. Based on genome-centric metagenomics we recovered 69 new genomes from which we identified five additional candidate phyla: Freyarchaeota, Baldrarchaeota, Gefionarchaeota, Friggarchaeota and Idunnarchaeota. In this expanded dataset we could detect additional homologs for unreported ESPs. Updated phylogenies showed support for a scenario in which eukaryotes emerged from within Asgard archaea.

We further took advantage of the increased Asgard diversity to delimit the gene content of the last common archaeal ancestor of eukaryotes using ancestral reconstruction analyses. The results suggest that the archaeal host cell who gave rise to eukaryotes already contained many of the genes associated with eukaryotic cellular complexity. Based on these analyses, we discussed the metabolic capabilities of the archaeal ancestor of eukaryotes.

Finally, we reconstructed several nearly complete Lokiarchaeota genomes, one of them in only three contigs, using both short- and long-read metagenomics. These analyses indicate that long-read metagenomics is a promising approach to obtain highly complete and contiguous genomes directly from environmental samples, even from complex populations in the presence of microdiversity and low abundant members. This study further supports that the presence of ESPs in Asgard genomes is not the result of assembly and binning artefacts. 

In conclusion, this thesis highlights the value of using culture-independent approaches together with phylogenomics and comparative genomics to improve our understanding of microbial diversity and to shed light into relevant evolutionary questions.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2019. s. 88
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1861
Emneord
archaea, Asgard, eukaryogenesis, metagenomics, genome binning, phylogenetics, phylogenomics, comparative genomics, gene tree-species tree reconciliation, ancestral reconstruction, long-read metagenomics
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-393710 (URN)978-91-513-0761-9 (ISBN)
Disputas
2019-11-14, B22, Biomedical Center (BMC), Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-10-24 Laget: 2019-09-26 Sist oppdatert: 2019-11-12

Open Access i DiVA

Fulltekst mangler i DiVA

Søk i DiVA

Av forfatter/redaktør
Fernandez Caceres, Eva
Av organisasjonen

Søk utenfor DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric

urn-nbn
Totalt: 71 treff
RefereraExporteraLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf