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Multithreaded PDE Solvers on Non-Uniform Memory Architectures
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Avdelningen för teknisk databehandling. Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Matematisk-datavetenskapliga sektionen, Institutionen för informationsteknologi, Numerisk analys. (Software Aspects of High-Performance Computing)
2006 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

A trend in parallel computer architecture is that systems with a large shared memory are becoming more and more popular. A shared memory system can be either a uniform memory architecture (UMA) or a cache coherent non-uniform memory architecture (cc-NUMA).

In the present thesis, the performance of parallel PDE solvers on cc-NUMA computers is studied. In particular, we consider the shared namespace programming model, represented by OpenMP. Since the main memory is physically, or geographically distributed over several multi-processor nodes, the latency for local memory accesses is smaller than for remote accesses. Therefore, the geographical locality of the data becomes important.

The focus of the present thesis is to study multithreaded PDE solvers on cc-NUMA systems, in particular their memory access pattern with respect to geographical locality. The questions posed are: (1) How large is the influence on performance of the non-uniformity of the memory system? (2) How should a program be written in order to reduce this influence? (3) Is it possible to introduce optimizations in the computer system for this purpose?

The main conclusion is that geographical locality is important for performance on cc-NUMA systems. This is shown experimentally for a broad range of PDE solvers as well as theoretically using a model involving characteristics of computer systems and applications.

Geographical locality can be achieved through migration directives that are inserted by the programmer or — possibly in the future — automatically by the compiler. On some systems, it can also be accomplished by means of transparent, hardware initiated migration and replication. However, a necessary condition that must be fulfilled if migration is to be effective is that the memory access pattern must not be "speckled", i.e. as few threads as possible shall make accesses to each memory page.

We also conclude that OpenMP is competitive with MPI on cc-NUMA systems if care is taken to get a favourable data distribution.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis , 2006. , s. 33
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 224
Emneord [en]
PDE solver, high-performance, NUMA, UMA, OpenMP, MPI, data migration, data replication, thread scheduling, data affinity
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Beräkningsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7149ISBN: 91-554-6656-7 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-7149DiVA, id: diva2:168886
Disputas
2006-10-20, Room 2446, Polacksbacken, Lägerhyddsvägen 2D, Uppsala, 10:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-09-28 Laget: 2006-09-28 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Delarbeid
1. OpenMP versus MPI for PDE solvers based on regular sparse numerical operators
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>OpenMP versus MPI for PDE solvers based on regular sparse numerical operators
2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: Future generations computer systems, ISSN 0167-739X, E-ISSN 1872-7115, Vol. 22, s. 194-203Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-47210 (URN)10.1016/j.future.2003.09.004 (DOI)000234408800016 ()
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-23 Laget: 2006-05-23 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Performance of PDE solvers on a self-optimizing NUMA architecture
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Performance of PDE solvers on a self-optimizing NUMA architecture
2002 (engelsk)Inngår i: Parallel Algorithms and Applications, ISSN 1063-7192, E-ISSN 1029-032X, Vol. 17, s. 285-299Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-66909 (URN)10.1080/01495730208941445 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2006-05-22 Laget: 2006-05-22 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert
3. Improving Geographical Locality of Data for Shared Memory Implementations of PDE Solvers
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Improving Geographical Locality of Data for Shared Memory Implementations of PDE Solvers
2004 (engelsk)Inngår i: Computational Science – ICCS 2004, Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 2004, s. 9-16Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2004
Serie
Lecture Notes in Computer Science ; 3037
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-71098 (URN)10.1007/b97988 (DOI)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-03-11 Laget: 2007-03-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-10bibliografisk kontrollert
4. Geographical locality and dynamic data migration for OpenMP implementations of adaptive PDE solvers
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Geographical locality and dynamic data migration for OpenMP implementations of adaptive PDE solvers
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: OpenMP Shared Memory Parallel Programming, Berlin: Springer-Verlag , 2008, s. 382-393Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 2008
Serie
Lecture Notes in Computer Science ; 4315
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-17844 (URN)10.1007/978-3-540-68555-5_31 (DOI)000256573200031 ()978-3-540-68554-8 (ISBN)
Prosjekter
UPMARC
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-09-05 Laget: 2008-09-05 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert
5. Performance modelling for parallel PDE solvers on NUMA-systems
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Performance modelling for parallel PDE solvers on NUMA-systems
2006 (engelsk)Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
Serie
Technical report / Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, ISSN 1404-3203 ; 2006-041
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-81930 (URN)
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-02-19 Laget: 2008-02-19 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert

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