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A microarray-system for forensic identification of primate species subject to bushmeat trade
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär medicin.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Molekylär medicin.
Vise andre og tillknytning
(engelsk)Manuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-95935DOI: 10.3354/esr00191OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-95935DiVA, id: diva2:170321
Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-05-10 Laget: 2007-05-10 Sist oppdatert: 2012-02-29
Inngår i avhandling
1. Analysis of Nucleotide Variations in Non-human Primates
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Analysis of Nucleotide Variations in Non-human Primates
2007 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Many of our closest relatives, the primates, are endangered and could be extinct in a near future. To increase the knowledge of non-human primate genomes, and at the same time acquire information on our own genomic evolution, studies using high-throughput technologies are applied, which raises the demand for large amounts of high quality DNA.

In study I and II, we evaluated the multiple displacement amplification (MDA) technique, a whole genome amplification method, on a wide range of DNA sources, such as blood, hair and semen, by comparing MDA products to genomic DNA as templates for several commonly used genotyping methods. In general, the genotyping success rate from the MDA products was in concordance with the genomic DNA. The quality of sequences of the mitochondrial control region obtained from MDA products from blood and non-invasively collected semen samples was maintained. However, the readable sequence length was shorter for MDA products.

Few studies have focused on the genetic variation in the nuclear genes of non-human primates. In study III, we discovered 23 new single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Y-chromosome of the chimpanzee. We designed a tag-microarray minisequencing assay for genotyping the SNPs together with 19 SNPs from the literature and 45 SNPs in the mitochondrial DNA. Using the microarray, we were able to analyze the population structure of wild-living chimpanzees.

In study IV, we established 111 diagnostic nucleotide positions for primate genera determination. We used sequence alignments of the nuclear epsilon globin gene and apolipoprotein B gene to identify positions for determination on the infraorder and Catarrhini subfamily level, respectively, and sequence alignments of the mitochondrial 12S rRNA (MT-RNR1) to identify positions to distinguish between genera. We designed a microarray assay for immobilized minisequencing primers for genotyping these positions to aid in the forensic determination of an unknown sample.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2007. s. 41
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 263
Emneord
Molecular genetics, SNP, genotyping, primate, chimpanzee, whole genome amplification, multiple displacement amplification, minisequencing, microarray, Y-chromosome, mitochondria, Genetik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-7904 (URN)978-91-554-6904-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2007-06-01, Rudbecksalen, Rudbecklaboratoriet, Dag Hammarskjölds väg 20, Uppsala, 13:15
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2007-05-10 Laget: 2007-05-10 Sist oppdatert: 2013-09-25bibliografisk kontrollert

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