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Synthesis and evaluation of a 11C-labelled angiotensin II AT2 receptor ligand
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Kemiska sektionen, Institutionen för biokemi och organisk kemi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för organisk farmaceutisk kemi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för organisk farmaceutisk kemi. ORGFARM.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för organisk farmaceutisk kemi.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2010 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of labelled compounds & radiopharmaceuticals, ISSN 0362-4803, E-ISSN 1099-1344, Vol. 53, nr 10, s. 616-624Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Three C-11-radiolabelled high-affinity nonpeptide AT(2) receptor-selective ligands were synthesized and one of these was evaluated as positron emission tomography (PET) tracer. The labelling reaction was performed via palladium(0)-mediated aminocarbonylation of the aryl iodide substrate using [C-11] carbon monoxide as the labelled precursor. As an example, starting with 10.0 GBq [C-11] carbon monoxide, 1.10 GBq of the product N-butoxycarbonyl-3-[4-(N-benzyl-[C-11] carbamoyl)phenyl]-5-isobutylthiophene-2-sulphonamide [C-11]4d was obtained in 36% decay-corrected radiochemical yield (from [C-11] carbon monoxide), 42 min from end of bombardment with a specific activity of 110 GBq.mu mol(-1). The N-isopropyl-[C-11] carbamoyl-analogue [C-11]4c (radiochemical purity >95%) was studied employing autoradiography, organ distribution, and small animal PET. In vitro autoradiography showed specific binding in the pancreas and kidney. Organ distribution in six rats revealed a high uptake in the liver, intestine, kidney, and adrenals. Small animal PET showed rapid and reversible uptake in the kidneys followed by accumulation in the urinary bladder suggesting fast renal excretion of the tracer. In addition, high accumulation was also seen in the liver. For future studies, more metabolically stable tracers will need to be developed. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt of the use of PET imaging for the detection of expressed, fully functional AT(2) receptors in living subjects.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2010. Vol. 53, nr 10, s. 616-624
Emneord [en]
angiotensin II, AT2, PET, 11C, aminocarbonylation, [11C]carbon monoxide
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Organisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98914DOI: 10.1002/jlcr.1793ISI: 000282667600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-98914DiVA, id: diva2:201538
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-03-05 Laget: 2009-03-05 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Design and Synthesis of 11C-Labelled Compound Libraries for the Molecular Imaging of EGFr, VEGFr-2, AT1 and AT2 Receptors: Transition-Metal Mediated Carbonylations Using [11C]Carbon Monoxide
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Design and Synthesis of 11C-Labelled Compound Libraries for the Molecular Imaging of EGFr, VEGFr-2, AT1 and AT2 Receptors: Transition-Metal Mediated Carbonylations Using [11C]Carbon Monoxide
2009 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This work deals with radiochemistry and new approaches to develop novel PET tracers labelled with the radionuclide 11C.

Two methods for the synthesis of 11C-labelled acrylamides have been explored. First, [1-11C]-acrylic acid was obtained from a palladium(0)-mediated 11C-carboxylation of acetylene with [11C]carbon monoxide; this could be converted to the corresponding acyl chloride and then combined with benzylamine to form N-benzyl[carbonyl-11C]acrylamide. In the second method, the palladium(0)-mediated carbonylation of vinyl halides with [11C]carbon monoxide was explored. This latter method, yielded labelled acrylamides in a single step with retention of configuration at the C=C double bond, and required less amine compared to the acetylene method.

The vinyl halide method was used to synthesize a library of 11C-labelled EGFr-inhibitors in 7-61% decay corrected radiochemical yield via a combinatorial approach. The compounds were designed to target either the active or the inactive form of EGFr, following computational docking studies.

The rhodium(I)-mediated carbonylative cross-coupling of an azide and an amine was shown to be a very general reaction and was used to synthesize a library of dual VEGFr-2/PDGFrβ inhibitors that were 11C-labelled at the urea position in 38-78% dc rcy.

The angiotensin II AT1 receptor antagonist eprosartan was 11C-labelled at one of the carboxyl groups in one step using a palladium(0)-mediated carboxylation. Autoradiography shows specific binding in rat kidney, lung and adrenal cortex, and organ distribution shows a high accumulation in the intestines, kidneys and liver. Specific binding in frozen sections of human adrenal incidentalomas warrants further investigations of this tracer.

Three angiotensin II AT2 ligands were 11C-labelled at the amide group in a palladium(0)-mediated aminocarbonylation in 16-36% dc rcy. One of the compounds was evaluated using in vitro using autoradiography, and in vivo using organ distribution and animal PET. The compound was metabolized fast and excreted via urine. High radioactivity was also found in the liver, meaning that more metabolically stable compounds are desirable for future development.

 

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2009. s. 65
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 616
Emneord
[11C]carbon monoxide, isotopic labelling, PET, acrylamide, EGFR, VEGFR-2, 11C
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Organisk kemi; Organisk farmaceutisk kemi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-98599 (URN)978-91-554-7451-5 (ISBN)
Disputas
2009-04-17, BMC, B42, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2009-03-26 Laget: 2009-02-27 Sist oppdatert: 2012-08-03bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Multicomponent Reactions in 11C/12C Chemistry: – Targeting the Angiotensin II Subtype 2 Receptor
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Multicomponent Reactions in 11C/12C Chemistry: – Targeting the Angiotensin II Subtype 2 Receptor
2016 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Section 1 of this thesis contains an introduction to method development in organic synthesis, multicomponent reactions, sulfonyl azides, tracer development in 11C chemistry and the biological target.

Section 2 describes the use of sulfonyl azides in carbonylative chemistry. Paper I covers development of a diazotransfer protocol. In total, 30 arylsulfonyl azides were synthesised from primary sulfonamides (20–90% yield). 15N mechanistic studies were carried out and in Paper II, the products were converted into sulfonamides, sulfonylureas and sulfonyl carbamates (19–90% yield). For ureas and carbamates, a two-chamber protocol was employed to release CO from Mo(CO)6. 15N mechanistic studies showed that the sulfonamides were formed by direct displacement of azide.

Section 3 covers imaging and biological studies of the angiotensin II receptor subtype 2 (AT2R). In Paper III, 12 11C-sulfonyl carbamates were prepared in isolated radiochemical yields of 3–51% via Rh(I)-mediated carbonylation. The first non-peptide AT2R agonist, C21, was labelled (isolated RCY 24±10%, SA 34–51 GBq/µmol). C21 was tested in a prostate cancer assay, followed by biodistribution and small-animal PET studies. In Paper IV, a 11C-labelled AT2R ligand prepared via Pd(0)-mediated aminocarbonylation was used for autoradiography, biodistribution and small-animal PET studies.  

Section 4 describes the development of a multicomponent method for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones (Paper V). 31 3,4-dihydroquinazolinones were synthesized via a cyclic iminium ion.  

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. s. 93
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Pharmacy, ISSN 1651-6192 ; 219
Emneord
carbonylation, positron emission tomography, multicomponent reactions, AT2R, 3, 4-dihydroquinazolinone, sulfonyl azides
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Farmaceutisk vetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295436 (URN)978-91-554-9636-4 (ISBN)
Eksternt samarbeid:
Disputas
2016-09-23, Hall B21, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:15 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-02 Laget: 2016-06-07 Sist oppdatert: 2016-09-05

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