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Affinity states of biocides determine bioavailability and release rates in marine paints
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för farmakognosi.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Farmaceutiska fakulteten, Institutionen för läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för farmakognosi.
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2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Biofouling (Print), ISSN 0892-7014, E-ISSN 1029-2454, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 201-210Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

A challenge for the next generation marine antifouling (AF) paints is to deliver minimum amounts of biocides to the environment. The candidate AF compound medetomidine is here shown to be released at very low concentrations, ie ng ml(-1) day(-1). Moreover, the release rate of medetomidine differs substantially depending on the formulation of the paint, while inhibition of barnacle settlement is independent of release to the ambient water, ie the paint with the lowest release rate was the most effective in impeding barnacle colonisation. This highlights the critical role of chemical interactions between biocide, paint carrier and the solid/aqueous interface for release rate and AF performance. The results are discussed in the light of differential affinity states of the biocide, predicting AF activity in terms of a high surface affinity and preserved bioavailability. This may offer a general framework for the design of low-release paint systems using biocides for protection against biofouling on marine surfaces.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 201-210
Emneord [en]
antifouling biocides, release, surface adsorption, barnacle, RP-HPLC, ellipsometry
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-253882DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2015.1012639ISI: 000353565900007PubMedID: 25775096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-253882DiVA, id: diva2:816425
Forskningsfinansiär
Carl Tryggers foundation Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-06-03 Laget: 2015-06-03 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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