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The Drinking Motives Questionnaire among Swedish psychiatric patients: An exploration of the four-factor structure
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Uppsala, Sweden.
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 400-407Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction and Aims: Alcohol use above hazardous limits is common among persons with psychiatric disorders, and there is limited knowledge about motives for drinking. The objective of this study was to explore the adequacy of the four-factor structure of drinking motives in an adult psychiatric outpatient population in Sweden by confirming the factor structure in the Drinking Motives Questionnaire (DMQ-R) and in alternative models.

Design and Methods: In total, 371 patients responded to the DMQ-R along with the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). AUDIT was used to assess frequency of alcohol consumption, number of drinks consumed on a typical occasion and binge drinking frequency. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to examine the construct validity of the DMQ-R and alternative models, including the short form, DMQ-R SF.

Results: Fit statistics suggested that the original four-factor model had questionable fit (root mean square error of approximation [RMSEA]=0.10, comparative fit index [CFI]=0.89, standardised root mean square residual [SRMR]=0.08). The model with the best fit indices was the DMQ-R SF (RMSEA=0.07, CFI=0.97, SRMR=0.04). When using DMQ-R SF in further analyses enhancement, the most strongly endorsed motives were related to quantity and AUDIT sum score. Coping motives were most strongly related to AUDIT sum score, frequency and binge drinking. Social motives were only related to binge drinking, whereas conformity motives were not statistically associated with any motives.

Discussion and Conclusions: The study implies that the 12-item short form, DMQ-R SF, could be more appropriate than the original DMQ-R in this group.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 36, nr 3, s. 400-407
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicin och hälsovetenskap
Forskningsämne
Psykiatri
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-310964DOI: 10.1111/dar.12421ISI: 000401238500015PubMedID: 27288296OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-310964DiVA, id: diva2:1058261
Tillgänglig från: 2016-12-20 Skapad: 2016-12-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-06-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Öster, CaisaArinell, HansNehlin, Christina

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