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Building Peace and Democracy through Post-Conflict Constitutions: The General Principles Approach
Uppsala universitet, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för freds- och konfliktforskning.
2018 (Engelska)Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
Abstract [en]

The drafting and ratification of a new constitution or major constitutional amendment is a measure frequently undertaken after internal armed conflict. In such circumstances, constitutional reform generally aims to both strengthen democracy and build peace. These two aims can, however, be contradictory: constitutional guarantees agreed between warring parties may help secure peace but undermine long-term democracy. To date, no empirical study has quantitatively examined how post-conflict constitutions can be designed to both uphold the peace and strengthen democracy. Drawing on the example of the 1996 South African constitution, I argue that one way to meet both aims is for conflict actors to agree in advance on a set of ‘general constitutional principles’, to which the constitution or major amendment must adhere. I argue that such an approach should both secure the peace by preventing spoilers, and strengthen democracy by facilitating inclusive constitution-building and encouraging conflict actor ‘buy in’ to the new constitutional order. To test this theory, I conduct a statistical analysis of all post-conflict constitutions and major constitutional amendments from 1975 to 2012. I find strong evidence that adherence to general constitutional principles leads to improved democracy, but only limited evidence that it also leads to improved peace.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. , s. 72
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353027DiVA, id: diva2:1215758
Utbildningsprogram
Masterprogram i freds- och konfliktstudier
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-06-25 Skapad: 2018-06-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-25Bibliografiskt granskad

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