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Evaluation of zero-echo-time attenuation correction for integrated PET/MR brain imaging-comparison to head atlas and 68Ge-transmission-based attenuation correction
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Radiologi. Uppsala Univ Hosp, PET Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1498-1327
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgiska vetenskaper, Radiologi. Uppsala Univ Hosp, Med Imaging Ctr, Uppsala, Sweden.
GE Healthcare, MR Appl Sci Lab, Waukesha, WI USA.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Neurologi.
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2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: EJNMMI Physics, ISSN 2197-7364, E-ISSN 2191-219X, Vol. 5, nr 20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: MRI does not offer a direct method to obtain attenuation correction maps as its predecessors (stand-alone PET and PET/CT), and bone visualisation is particularly challenging. Recently, zero-echo-time (ZTE) was suggested for MR-based attenuation correction (AC). The aim of this work was to evaluate ZTE- and atlas-AC by comparison to 68Ge-transmission scan-based AC.

Nine patients underwent brain PET/MR and stand-alone PET scanning using the dopamine transporter ligand 11C-PE2I. For each of them, two AC maps were obtained from the MR images: an atlas-based, obtained from T1-weighted LAVA-FLEX imaging with cortical bone inserted using a CT-based atlas, and an AC map generated from proton-density-weighted ZTE images. Stand-alone PET 68Ge-transmission AC map was used as gold standard. PET images were reconstructed using the three AC methods and standardised uptake value (SUV) values for the striatal, limbic and cortical regions, as well as the cerebellum (VOIs) were compared. SUV ratio (SUVR) values normalised for the cerebellum were also assessed. Bias, precision and agreement were calculated; statistical significance was evaluated using Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test.

Results: Both ZTE- and atlas-AC showed a similar bias of 6–8% in SUV values across the regions. Correlation coefficients with 68Ge-AC were consistently high for ZTE-AC (r 0.99 for all regions), whereas they were lower for atlas-AC, varying from 0.99 in the striatum to 0.88 in the posterior cortical regions. SUVR showed an overall bias of 2.9 and 0.5% for atlas-AC and ZTE-AC, respectively. Correlations with 68Ge-AC were higher for ZTE-AC, varying from 0.99 in the striatum to 0.96 in the limbic regions, compared to atlas-AC (0.99 striatum to 0.77 posterior cortex).

Conclusions: Absolute SUV values showed less variability for ZTE-AC than for atlas-AC when compared to 68Ge-AC, but bias was similar for both methods. This bias is largely caused by higher linear attenuation coefficients in atlas- and ZTE-AC image compared to 68Ge-images. For SUVR, bias was lower when using ZTE-AC than for atlas-AC. ZTE-AC shows to be a more robust technique than atlas-AC in terms of both intra- and inter-patient variability.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2018. Vol. 5, nr 20
Nyckelord [en]
Atlas-AC, Attenuation correction, PET/MR, Static imaging, ZTE-AC
Nationell ämneskategori
Medicinsk bildbehandling Radiologi och bildbehandling
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364358DOI: 10.1186/s40658-018-0220-0ISI: 000447946100001PubMedID: 30345471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364358DiVA, id: diva2:1258742
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetTillgänglig från: 2018-10-25 Skapad: 2018-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-01-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sousa, João M.Appel, LieuweNyholm, DagLarsson, Elna-MarieAhlström, HåkanLubberink, Mark

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