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Ergosterol as a measure of living fungal biomass: persistence in environmental samples after fungal death
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Biologiska sektionen, Institutionen för ekologi och evolution.
2004 Ingår i: Journal of Microbiological Methods, ISSN 0167-7012, Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 253-262Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2004. Vol. 59, nr 2, s. 253-262
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-92972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-92972DiVA, id: diva2:166308
Tillgänglig från: 2005-04-29 Skapad: 2005-04-29Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Interactions between Bacteria and Fungi on Aquatic Detritus – Causes and Consequences
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Interactions between Bacteria and Fungi on Aquatic Detritus – Causes and Consequences
2005 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Bacteria and fungi dominate the decomposition of aquatic plants, a major process in the carbon and nutrient cycling in many aquatic systems. Although phylogenetically distant, bacteria and fungi often live in close proximity with each other. Since these microorganisms also have similar ecological functions, interactions have developed between them. This thesis explores the nature of such interactions, and the potential effects on key components of the decomposition process. The thesis includes a critical assessment of the ergosterol method for determination of fungal biomass, a survey of the environmental factors determining the distribution and taxa numbers of litter-decomposing bacteria and fungi in lakes, and a number of experiments on the interactions between bacteria and fungi. In all the experiments performed, fungi responded to bacterial presence through antagonism, although different fungal strains, bacterial communities and substrates were used. The antagonism seemed to be caused by interference competition for substrate. The fungal effect on bacteria was less consistent. Bacterial growth was suppressed, unaffected, or even enhanced by the presence of fungi. Fungi contributed more to extracellular enzyme production than bacteria, and bacteria were probably able to assimilate intermediate decomposition products formed through the activity of extracellular enzymes of fungal origin. Thus, the effect on bacteria from interacting with fungi was determined by the balance between competition and benefit from excreted enzymes. Bacteria and fungi also used different size fractions of the organic matter, according to their different enzymatic capacities. Hence, bacteria appeared to assimilate low-molecular-weight compounds, while high-molecular-weight compounds were utilized primarily by fungi.

In brief, the ecological interactions influenced the growth and hence also the biomass development of bacteria and fungi, which affected enzyme activity as well as utilization of dissolved organic matter. Therefore, I suggest that interactions between bacteria and fungi influence degradation of plant litter in aquatic systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2005. s. 42
Serie
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 46
Nyckelord
Ecology, bacteria, fungi, decomposition, antagonism, extracellular enzymes, competition, macrophytes, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), ergosterol, Ekologi
Nationell ämneskategori
Ekologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-5771 (URN)91-554-6231-6 (ISBN)
Disputation
2005-05-20, Ekmansalen, Kärnhuset, EBC, Norbyv. 14, Uppsala, 10:00
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2005-04-29 Skapad: 2005-04-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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