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Interpretation of the hydrogen anomaly in neutron and electron compton scattering
Uppsala universitet, Teknisk-naturvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Fysiska sektionen, Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, Materialfysik.
2012 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Quantum Chemistry, ISSN 0020-7608, E-ISSN 1097-461X, Vol. 112, nr 2, 587-602 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In Compton scattering with neutrons in the energy range 20-120 eV, it has been observed that the relative H/M cross sections in a variety of H-containing materials are 20-40% lower than expected from the composition ratio H/M (M being a heavier element in the same compound). The same phenomenon has also been observed in Compton scattering with electrons of 2 and 20 keV energy. There is, at present, no consensus about the reason for these anomalies. In this theory, they are explained as a result of interference when the scattering particle interacts with more than one hydrogen nucleus. The coherence volume of the actual setup, which limits the number of interfering particles, is therefore an important parameter. It is shown here that the large zero-point motion of the hydrogen nuclei leads to reductions in the scattering intensity from interfering pairs. Coherence is preserved over the sub-fs scattering times relevant for this process, even in the condensed systems studied. It is gradually lost when the scattering time is increased, which happens when the neutron energy is reduced (as reflected in lower anomalies for smaller scattering angles). Explicit expressions for the decoherence effect are presented and compared with experimental observation for a selection of observed H- and D-containing systems.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2012. Vol. 112, nr 2, 587-602 s.
Nyckelord [en]
Quantum entanglement in scattering
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-169363DOI: 10.1002/qua.23023ISI: 000298595800022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-169363DiVA: diva2:506713
Tillgänglig från: 2012-02-29 Skapad: 2012-02-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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