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Acute stress among adolescents and female rape victims measured by ASC-Kids: A pilot study
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för neurovetenskap, Psykiatri, Akademiska sjukhuset.
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
Linkoping Univ, Dept Behav Sci & Learning, Psychol Sect, SE-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 69, nr 7, s. 539-545Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
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Abstract [en]

Background: Rape is considered a stressful trauma and often with durable consequences. How the aftermath of rape is for young adolescents' girls considering acute stress is an overlooked field and remains to be studied. Aims: In this study, we wanted to investigate acute stress among adolescent victims of rape and the psychometric properties of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children (ASC-Kids). Methods: A clinical sample (n = 79) of raped girls, 13 - 17 years old who had turned to a special rape victim unit for treatment, answered the ASC-Kids. ASC-Kids was also given to a group of minor stressed, non-raped adolescents in the same age range (n = 154) together with the University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index (UCLA PTSD RI), and the Sense of Coherence Scale 13 (SOC-13). Results : The scores from the groups were compared and showed significant differences in mean values on all the diagnostic criteria of acute stress disorder. In the clinical group, 36.7% obtained full ASD criteria. ASC-Kids could discriminate well between groups. Cronbach's alpha was found to be excellent, and the correlation between the UCLA PTSD RI and ASC-Kids found to be good; both ASC-Kids and UCLA PTSD RI had a good and moderate negative correlation with SOC-13. Conclusion: Adolescent female rape victims were shown to have a very high level of acute stress, and the ASC-Kids was found to have sound psychometrics and can be a valuable screening instrument to support clinicians in their assessments of an indication of adolescents after potentially stressful events such as rape.

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2015. Vol. 69, nr 7, s. 539-545
Nyckelord [en]
Acute stress, Adolescents, ASC-Kids, Psychometrics, Rape
Nationell ämneskategori
Psykiatri
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-280975DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2015.1013056ISI: 000369972000007PubMedID: 25732866OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-280975DiVA, id: diva2:912428
Tillgänglig från: 2016-03-16 Skapad: 2016-03-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-30Bibliografiskt granskad

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Nordenstam, CarinLundin, Tom

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