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Excessive daytime sleepiness in asthma: what are the risk factors?
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för medicinska vetenskaper, Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning.
Umeå Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Occupat & Environm Med, Umeå, Sweden.
Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Krefting Res Ctr, Dept Internal Med & Clin Nutr, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Asthma, ISSN 0277-0903, E-ISSN 1532-4303, Vol. 55, nr 8, s. 844-850Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: Previous studies have found that excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a more common problem in asthmatic subjects than in the general population. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the prevalence of EDS is increased in asthmatic subjects and, if so, to analyse the occurrence of potential risk factors for EDS in asthmatics.

Methods: Cross-sectional epidemiological study. In 2008, a postal questionnaire was sent out to a random sample of 45,000 individuals aged 16–75 years in four Swedish cities.

Results: Of the 25,160 persons who participated, 7.3% were defined as having asthma. The prevalence of EDS was significantly higher in asthmatic subjects (42.1% vs. 28.5%, p < 0.001) compared with non-asthmatic subjects. Asthma was an independent risk factor for EDS (adjusted OR 1.29) and the risk of having EDS increased with asthma severity. Risk factors for EDS in subjects with asthma included insomnia (OR, 3.87; 95% CI, 3.10–4.84); chronic rhinosinusitis (OR, 2.00; 95% CI, 1.53–2.62); current smoking (OR, 1.60; 95% CI, 1.15–2.22) and obesity (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.09–2.13).

Conclusions: EDS is a common problem among subjects with asthma. Asthma is an independent risk factor for having EDS. Furthermore, subjects with asthma often have other risk factors for EDS, many of them potentially modifiable.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2018. Vol. 55, nr 8, s. 844-850
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-311307DOI: 10.1080/02770903.2016.1263316ISI: 000446112800004PubMedID: 27880055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-311307DiVA, id: diva2:1059596
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Asthma and Allergy Association, 2008021Swedish Heart Lung Foundation, HLF20070500Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-12-22 Laget: 2016-12-22 Sist oppdatert: 2018-12-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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