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Finland as a Late Regulator of Assisted Reproduction: A Permissive Policy under Debate
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, The Centre for the Study of Religion and Society. Åbo Akademi.
2016 (English)In: Assisted Reproduction Across Borders: Feminist Perspectives on Normalizations, Disruptions and Transmissions / [ed] Lie, Merete; Lykke, Nina, Oxford/New York: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 124-135Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The chapter discusses how Finland, a country that sits well within the framework of modern western semi-secular welfare democracies, is counted among the more permissive countries of Europe when it comes to legislation and practices of assisted reproduction (ART). It is also a country that regulated ARTs very late compared to other Nordic countries with comparable welfare regimes. But, as author underlines, the Finnish situation is more complex than an analysis of the law as such and the liberal practices of clinics might suggest, particularly before the first Finnish Act on Assisted Reproduction was enacted in 2007. There is a significant difference between the wording of the actual act, and the heated debates that preceded its being approved by the Finnish Parliament. The chapter focuses on three themes that appeared in policy documents and political debates: (i) childlessness as a medical problem, (ii) religious arguments, and (iii) perceptions of fatherhood in relation to sperm donation and donor anonymity. The author shows how the debates framed childlessness as a medical problem, excluding social aspects, making same-sex couples’ and single women’s use of ARTs dubious, and problematizing equality in terms of both eligibility and access.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford/New York: Routledge, 2016, 1. p. 124-135
Keywords [en]
assisted reproduction, Finland, legislation, medicalisation, religious arguments, donor anonymity
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-313021ISBN: 9781138674646 (print)ISBN: 9781317200680 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-313021DiVA, id: diva2:1065681
Projects
Impact of ReligionAvailable from: 2017-01-16 Created: 2017-01-16 Last updated: 2017-01-16

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Output format
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