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Exercise during and after curative oncological treatment: a mapping review
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdom.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdom. Univ Agder, Dept Publ Hlth Sport & Nutr, Kristiansand, Norway.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdom.
Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdom. Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för immunologi, genetik och patologi, Experimentell och klinisk onkologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6226-6849
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2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Physical Therapy Reviews, ISSN 1083-3196, E-ISSN 1743-288X, Vol. 22, nr 3/4, s. 103-115Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: By mapping the existing literature on exercise oncology, gaps in knowledge can be identified, and future directions for research can be pointed out.

Objectives: This review aimed to map diagnoses and outcome measures targeted in reviews and describe the effects on those outcomes. Further, the aim was to map exercise intervention characteristics being reviewed and the effects depending on these characteristics, and to discuss implications for future research.

Methods: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Cinahl, PSYCHInfo, and Cochrane Library. Reviews including physical activity and exercise intervention trials in adult patients during or after curative oncological treatment were included. Reference lists were scanned in order to find additional relevant papers.

Results: Twenty-three reviews were included in the present study. The majority included mixed forms of cancers. Significant improvements were reported on physical fitness, cancer-related fatigue (CRF), health-related quality of life, physical function, psychological outcomes, lymphedema-related symptoms, biological markers, and physical activity level. Four reviews targeted time point for implementation of exercise intervention. There were slightly greater effects on CRF, physical fitness, and walking distance from implementation after completed treatment. Two reviews comparing exercise types reported superior effects from combinations of aerobic exercise and resistance training compared to aerobic or resistance training alone. One review targeted exercise intensity, and the results indicated a greater effect from moderately intense exercise compared to high intense exercise. One review assessed behaviour change techniques in exercise trials and suggested the use of programme goal-setting, self-monitoring, and generalization of behaviour to promote adoption and maintenance of exercise behaviour.

Conclusion: Exercise seems to be beneficial during and after curative oncological treatment in several types of cancer. A higher reporting of exercise intervention details is essential in future exercise intervention trials and there is still a need for large, randomized trials, especially in forms of cancer other than breast cancer.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2017. Vol. 22, nr 3/4, s. 103-115
Nationell ämneskategori
Övrig annan medicin och hälsovetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-315747DOI: 10.1080/10833196.2016.1262109ISI: 000414044200002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-315747DiVA, id: diva2:1075645
Tillgänglig från: 2017-02-20 Skapad: 2017-02-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Igelström, HelenaBerntsen, SveinungDemmelmaier, IngridJohansson, BirgittaNordin, Karin

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Livsstil och rehabilitering vid långvarig sjukdomExperimentell och klinisk onkologi
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